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Cannabis In Ancient Literature and Cultures

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Cannabis is an ancient herb that is well known for its recreational properties. Apart from such use, the herb was also well-known to ancient healers for its medicinal properties. The mention of Cannabis in ancient texts tells a lot about the location’s culture and society. Almost all cultures of antiquity have notable comments about Cannabis. Let’s begin with India, one of the cradles of human civilization.

In India

Cannabis is rooted in the culture and
societal practices of many different sects that follow the Hindu way of life.
Cannabis is mentioned in the Vedas itself, one of the most important sacred
texts for Hindus. Cannabis is mentioned time and again as a person goes through
the legends and religious texts of the Indian culture. Such religious mention
of Cannabis can be dated as far back as 2000-1400 B.C. The Vedas even went to
the extent of putting a divine halo to the herb. It stated that the leaves of
the herb enjoyed the presence of a guardian angel. Furthermore, not only is
Cannabis one of the five sacred plants of these scriptures, but as the scholar
Abel points out, the texts celebrated Cannabis as a source of joy and happiness.
It was seen as a mighty liberator with the power to endow compassion and
empathy and let go of fears and anxiety and attain a rarely-felt kind of
delight.

This is by no means the only spiritual
connection cannabis enjoyed in ancient India. Indeed, the association with
Shiva of the Hindu trinity dates back to ancient times and continues today. In
the Indian tradition, the most popular and socially accepted form of cannabis
consumption is bhang. As per Indian legends, Shiva discovered the herb and its
great delights while breaking from domestic disturbances. Its rejuvenating
effect made the plant his favourite. The next painting tells it all and is more
than simply fascinating:

Image by Jean-Pierre Dalbéra , Courtesy of Flickr

In Greece

Evidence suggests that early periods of the
Greek Civilization too viewed Cannabis as a form of medicine. Archeological and
sociological evidence suggests Greeks treated various health issues like
earaches, inflammation, and edema by using it. In fact, the source of the very
word “cannabis” is perhaps the Greek word “kannabis.”

Herodotus, the father of history who
recorded the Greek way of life in 500 BC, states that Sychtians used to
cultivate help. He observed how the people crushed hemp seeds and vaped the
smoke after burning them atop stones. As he wrote, “immediately it smokes,
and gives out such a vapour as no Grecian vapour-bath can exceed; the
Scythians, delighted, shout for joy.”

In Egypt

The ancient Greeks and Indians were joined in their weed revelry by the ancient Egyptians too. For someone who has spent some time observing hieroglyphics, the idea of Egyptians enjoying their share of the pot should come as no surprise. The deep analysis of hieroglyphics reveals portrayals of “shemshemet” which is Egyptian for Cannabis. However, while we know that the Egyptians enjoyed a joint, it is not clear how the Egyptians started taking the substance. As an expert sums up,” While it’s unclear how early the ancient Egyptians began using Cannabis, it has remained in active use ever since pharaonic times. It does not appear very often in the medical papyri. Still, it was administered by mouth, rectum, vagina, bandaged to the skin, applied to the eyes and by fumigation.”

Image by Merrie P. Wycoff , courtesy of Pinterest

In China

Ma was the term ancient Chinese used to
refer to Cannabis. Hemp was particularly popular as a dress material for the financially
disadvantaged class. Common Chinese folk who could not afford delicate fabrics
like silk used it as a textile material. Shu King, the ancient book written in
about 2350 BC, chronicles how the modern-day Shandong province of eastern China
cultivated hemp. Interestingly the most ancient piece of paper (140-87 B.C.),
originally a Chinese invention, was derived from hemp. Ancient Chinese also
consumed hemp as a food, and it remained a part of the staple Chinese diet
right into the 10th century.

Apparently, the Chinese were aware of the medical
benefits of Cannabis, too or at least some of them. Chinese medical texts have
illustrated the use of Cannabis and its seeds for medical purposes for nearly
2000 and 1800 years, respectively. As per legends, Shen Nung, a Chinese empower,
was the first to discover its medicinal properties way back in 2700 BC.

The Persians

Hinduism is not the only religion to have
deep bonds with Cannabis. The Persian religion of Zoroastrianism, too, had
mention of the plant in its sacred texts. In fact, its prophet, the sage
Zoroaster, mentions the herb is one of his sacraments. So it is no surprise that
the Zend Avesta, a sort of Parsi holy book, mentions over ten thousand
medicinal plants, including Cannabis. However, as a primary sacrament, only the
priests were entitled to it. It remained out of bounds for ordinary Persians.





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20 Fenchurch Street

Epic Workplace Mistakes – A Positivity Wordsearch

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If you are having a bad day at work because you did something stupid, this article was written for you. Take comfort in the knowledge that you’re not alone and it likely could be worse. Everybody makes mistakes at work but some are more expensive than others. To help keep it all in perspective, here are some epic examples of workplace mistakes and a positivity wordsearch. After all, a bad day only lasts twenty-four hours; here’s hoping yours gets a little better. 

20 Fenchurch Street, London England

20 Fenchurch Street is a commercial building in downtown London and it’s commonly known as “the ugliest building in Great Britain”. To city natives, it looks like a giant walkie-talkie, but its biggest issue is not cosmetic. 20 Fenchurch Street acts like a giant magnifying glass and creates enough heat to fry eggs on the road. 

The structure was mistakenly designed with a curve, and like most skyscrapers, it has a glass front. During the daytime, the sun hits the south side of the building, which has a slight concave curve. As a result, concentrated sunshine is reflected off the windows, and onto the opposite side of the street. In the summer, the reflected rays are six times more powerful than they should be. Streets and sidewalks have cracked and parked cars have been known to melt. During one news segment, a reporter fried an egg in a pan using only the heat from the building; he singed his hair while filming.

A sunshade was installed to fix this problem but it cost around fourteen million dollars. If it didn’t look like a walkie-talkie before, it certainly does now.

Lake Peigneur Salt Mine Disaster

On November 21st in 1980, a simple location error caused one of the biggest disasters in Louisiana’s history. While searching for oil on Lake Peigneur, a company drilled into a salt mine by accident. The rush of the flowing water caused the edges of the hole to erode and expand, opening up the mine’s caverns below. As the lake began to drain into the mine, the oil rig listed and fell into the hole. Water poured into the salt tunnels and a massive whirlpool formed on the surface. 

A standing chimney is all that remains of a house sucked into Lake Peigneur.

It was the largest man-made maelstrom in human history. In addition to the drilling platform and an entire like, the enormous vortex swallowed eleven barges and sixty-five acres of lakeshore property. The freshwater lake wasn’t big enough to flood the mine completely but the whirlpool was so strong, it began to suck in nearby saltwater. It is the only recorded time in history that the flow of the Delcambre Canal changed its direction. Originally, Lake Peigneur was ten feet deep and full of freshwater. Within three hours, it transformed into a 1.3km deep, saltwater lake. Thanks to emergency planning ahead of time, all fifty-five miners escaped unharmed.

Less expensive, still epic workplace mistake

A workplace mistake doesn’t have to cost millions to be epic and outrageous. Take, for example, the people in this video:

Positivity Wordsearch

In life, we can’t always see what is coming around the corner and mistakes are going to be made. But there are things that we can do to set ourselves up for success and that is what this positivity wordsearch is all about. Find the words and find the ways to make your days a tiny bit easier. Good luck! 





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Alexis Krot

Judge Apologizes After Berating Elderly Cancer Patient For Ridiculous Reason

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Alexis Krot, a Michigan judge, apologized after threatening an elderly cancer patient with jail time due to some unruly weeds in his front yard. “I made a mistake,” Krot said in a statement. She’s also reported herself to a state commission that probes judicial misbehavior.

Krot’s comments occurred in a court hearing via Zoom call, which then spread through social media. The clip shows Judge Krot telling a visibly sick man that he “should be ashamed” of the state of his house. “If I could give you jail time on this, I would,” she said, threatening him with jail a second time when the meeting was ending. “If you come back here, you’re going to jail.”

The man, whose name is Burhan Chowdhury, was visibly struggling to breathe. “I am a cancer patient, very old, ma’am,” he said. His son also interjected to explain the health of his father.

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Aside from calling the judge unprofessional and rude, many people viewed her comments as racist, purposefully intimidating a sick man whose first language is not English.

“When I was a child I would go to interpret for my parents and I would get so intimidated by the judge that I wouldn’t even be able to interpret or translate for my parents,” said Rebeka Islam to USA Today. She is a resident of Hamtramck, the area where Chowdry lives, and the executive director of the civic engagement group APIA Vote-MI.

RELATED: Iowa Judge Gives Man Probation For Dealing Marijuana, Jail For Drunk Driving

“I made a mistake,” Judge Alexis G. Krot said in a statement on Thursday. “I acted intemperately. I’m very embarrassed that I did so. I apologize to the person who appeared before me and to our entire community for having failed to meet the high standards that we expect of our judicial officers, and that I expect of myself.”

Her apology follows a Change.org petition that has over 230,000 signatures, asking for Krot to be removed from Michigan state court.





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Culture

These People Have The Most Sex, According To New Poll

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Sex is a topic we love to discuss. It’s something that has evolved over the years, with new generations being more open to discussing it, making it less taboo. Still, this doesn’t mean that young people are having more sex, nor does it mean that people of different ages are having more sex than in previous years.

A new poll reveals that the group that’s currently having the most sex is kind of specific: divorced or separated people living apart from their current sexual partners.

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Photo by Jasmine Carter via Pexels

These results were acquired by researchers in Germany who gathered data from over 3,000 people. Respondents between the ages of 32 and 46 provided answers to a detailed set of questions about their sex lives and relationships.

There were seven groups measured, including the one we mentioned above, with results showing that a person needed to have a partner in order to rank high on the list. The catch? Once that person lives with their partner, the amount of sex they have is drastically reduced.

The groups and the order in which they have sex from most to least is as follows:

  • divorced/separated people who live apart from their new partners
  • never-married people who live apart from their partners
  • divorced/separated people who live with their partner
  • never-married people who live with their partner
  • married people
  • divorced single people
  • never-married single people
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Photo by Becca Tapert via Unsplash

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Other interesting results the study found were that frequency of sex impacted people’s happiness with their sex lives regardless of their gender, and that married people tend to have less sex than most divorced people, only having more sex than single people.



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