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Cannabis Measures That Passed The Midterms That You Might Not Know About



The 2022 midterm elections were historical and surprising for many on several fronts. In addition to the unexpected senate and house results, there were an unusual number of historic ballot measures passed on everything from abortion rights to cannabis legalization. 

By now, you have likely read that Maryland and Missouri became the twentieth and twenty first states to legalize recreational adult use cannabis. North Dakota, South Dakota and Arkansas all saw their legalization ballot measures fail. These ballot measures were the big headlines, but they were not the only ballot measures for cannabis voted on in this election. In fact, there were several important, albeit lesser known, ballot measures that passed during the midterm election that each help to end the prohibition and criminalization of marijuana in the United States.

Photo by JGI/Jamie Grill/Getty Images

5 Texas Cities Voted to Depenalize Marijuana Possession 

In conservative Texas, where recreational marijuana is illegal and the drug itself is still highly criminalized, five cities voted to change how cannabis position is viewed in the eyes of the law. The five cities; Denton, Elgin, Harker Heights, Killeen and San Marcos all passed ballot measures that “largely prohibit local police officers from either arresting or citing people for Class A or Class B marijuana misdemeanors,” according to NORML

This is definitely a victory for these major cities, especially in the deep red state of Texas, but these victories start creating a hyper-localized and confusing cannabis policy framework in the Longhorn state. “While these local advancements are important in mitigating harm on citizens and reprioritizing law enforcement time, they result in a patchwork of differing marijuana enforcement policies based on location,” said Texas NORML’s Executive Director Jax James, who believes this calls for lawmakers to take statewide reform measures in 2023.

5 Ohio Cities Voted to Take Local Decriminalization Measures

Texas was not the only state that had several cities vote for marijuana decriminalization measures. Citizens in five Ohio cities made similar votes. The municipalities of Corning, Kent, Laurelville, Shawnee and Rushville all approved statutes relating to marijuana decriminalization.Te

RELATED: Here Are The Big Midterm Wins And Losses For Cannabis Legalization

These five cities are not alone in Ohio, as 20 other cities have already taken this step, and many have done so through similar initiatives in the past. According to Benzinga, “The 20 jurisdictions across Ohio that have already approved local statutes decriminalizing cannabis possessions did so either via voter initiatives or through their city councils.” This continued forward momentum has many in Ohio optimistic about the state’s chances of legalization in the near future.

25 Towns in RI Voted to Allow New Weed Businesses Near Them

Rhode Island may have already legalized cannabis earlier this year, but it still found its way onto the ballot in 31 cities and towns this midterm election. These 31 cities were asked if they supported new cannabis-related businesses opening their doors in their towns — 25 voted yes. 

RELATED: Industry Thought Leaders Weigh In On Midterm Marijuana Results

This overwhelming support suggests that many in Rhode Island are ready and eager for recreational cannabis in their state, and in many individual towns. It is important to note, however, that just because the town voted “yes” does not guarantee a dispensary will be opening its doors in that town in the near future. As WPRI News explained, “Even if your municipality voted yes, it doesn’t mean a store will open there. Recreational sales are starting at existing medical marijuana dispensaries on Dec. 1, and future store locations have not yet been proposed.”

marijuana legalization
Photo by FatCamera/Getty Images

Colorado Votes to Decriminalize Psilocybin and Other Psychedelics 

While this last measure does not relate directly to cannabis, it is certainly historic, and at the very least can qualify as “cannabis-adjacent.” Colorado citizens voted to decriminalize several psychedelics, including psilocybin, which is found in magic mushrooms. Proposition 122, known as the Natural Medicine Health Act of 2022 decriminalizes the possession, growing and sharing of psilocybin, psilocyn, dimethyltryptamine (DMT), ibogaine, and mescaline, according to Time.

And if that news isn’t trippy enough, “it also clears a pathway for the use of all these psychedelics at ‘healing centers’ — facilities licensed by the state’s Department of Regulatory Agencies where the public can buy, consume, and take psychedelics under supervision.”

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All about Cannabis

Local Decriminalization Efforts – Cannabis | Weed | Marijuana




Local decriminalization efforts in last week’s midterm elections shouldn’t go unnoticed. While the US midterms saw Maryland and Missouri legalize cannabis, these smaller ballot measures are just as important.

In fact, one can make the case that local efforts are superior to state-wide top-down enforcement. Just as liberals don’t want to live in states without gun control, many conservatives don’t want legal pot stores in their towns.

The solution is decentralization. You do you. Live and let live. So long as people’s mobility rights aren’t infringed, what’s the issue?

With that in mind, let’s examine some of the local decriminalization efforts from last week’s midterms.

Local Decriminalization Efforts in Texas 

Local Decriminalization Efforts

Texas will likely be the last state to legalize recreational cannabis. Assuming they ever do. But in the meantime, some cities have taken prohibition into their own hands.

Local decriminalization efforts in Austin are old news. Last year the city council passed a resolution to stop arresting and ticketing people for possessing small amounts of cannabis.

But last week, the lesser-known cities of San Marcos, Denton, Harker Heights, Killeen, and Elgin decriminalized cannabis.

The Texas chapter of NORML was happy to see this, of course. But they caution against these kinds of “patchwork” enforcement policies based on location.

Local Decriminalization Efforts in Ohio 

Local decriminalization efforts in Ohio also saw five municipalities approve cannabis ballot measures. The municipalities of Corning, Kent, Shawnee, Rushville and Laurelville decriminalized cannabis.

In Ohio, twenty-five cities have now decriminalized cannabis.

Rhode Island Says Yes to More Cannabis 

Cannabis is already legal in Rhode Island. But local authorities can say no to legal cannabis shops within their towns or cities. After last week’s midterms, twenty-five municipalities in Rhode Island will now allow cannabis businesses to operate.

That said, Rhode Islanders may wait a long time until their local bureaucracy approves the paperwork.

Colorado Decriminalizes Magic Mushrooms

Local Decriminalization Efforts
Photo by Richard Vogel/AP/Shutterstock (10255885a)

Ten years ago, Colorado became the first state, along with Washington, to legalize cannabis. This year, Colorado spearheaded local decriminalization efforts relating to psychedelics like magic mushrooms.

Proposition 122, known as the Natural Medicine Health Act of 2022, means possessing, growing and sharing certain psychedelics is no longer a criminal act.

These psychedelics include psilocybin “magic” mushrooms, dimethyltryptamine (DMT), ibogaine, and mescaline. 

The Act also creates “healing centres” to be licensed by the state’s regulatory agency where the public can “buy, consume and take psychedelics under supervision.” 

This goes to show local decriminalization efforts can really pay off. The question is, why stop at drug prohibition? Why not make every political issue local and remove the D.C. bureaucracy from the picture altogether?

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America’s tastiest holiday edibles ’22




The holidays can dish out as many headaches as heartwarming moments, but here’s one reason to give thanks: Prices for weed edibles keep falling.

Average edible prices declined 30% in Michigan and 13.5% in Massachusetts this year, analytics firm Headset reported last month. Legal THC remains deflationary. We’ll cheers to that.

Whether you’re a boomer giving your lungs a break, or a bohemian tripping the astral plane—it’s time to vibe out, couch-melt, and enjoy some best-selling, delectable THC gummies, chocolates, caramels, and cookies. 

Seen it all? Live a little with Leafly’s list of weird new concoctions like cranberry drinks, infused gravy, baking ingredients, hot peanuts, and pretzels.

There are about 575 edibles brands in the US, which just boggles the mind. Leafly’s experts dug into their review bags for these 13 can’t-fail edibles picks from across the US.

And remember—the Wednesday before Thanksgiving—Green Wednesday—pops off at your local shop. Early bird gets the gummy worm. Start a bag for delivery today.

Product reviewers: David Downs, Amelia Williams, Dante Jordan


Rosin gummies from Dee Thai

Dee is the Thai word for good. $19/100 mg; Sold in CA. (Courtesy Dee Thai)
‘Dee’ is the Thai word for ‘good.’ $19/100 mg; Sold in CA. (Courtesy Dee Thai)

Giving the gift of edibles? Dee Thai gummies are delicious and boast unique flavors while making the body feel nice and relaxed. Founder Josh Schmidt comes from a big, respected farm, Natura, and the year-old California recreational brand keeps racking up wins. Dee Thai currently offers six staple flavors: pineapple, guava, jackfruit, mango, lychee, and mangosteen. A tamarind-flavored gummy gets the most hype for the RS11 rosin, in collaboration with Doja Pak. 

Dee Thai’s treats are vegan, pectin-based, gluten-free, and solventless. Schmidt likes rosin, versus cheaper alternatives like distillate. The brand’s goal? Strain-specific medicine for relaxation. Hash rosin edibles eaters report a more deep, multifaceted body high. “We’re trying to chase the [cannabutter] high.” Dee Thai gummies are in 70 California stores, including most STIIIZY stores, and the weed delivery app Eaze. Look out for future Dee Thai collaborations with Fidels, Your Highness, and Lola Holistic.


How to order weed delivery online with Leafly

🔒Pro tip: Label and lock up edibles to keep grandparents, children, and pets away from infused foods (and a potential trip to the emergency room.)

Good Tide rosin gummies by Wyld

Keep it clean and green: Carbon-neutral Good Tide packaging contains no plastics. $19.78/100 mgs; Sold in CO, OR, and CA. (Courtesy Wyld)
Keep it clean and green: Carbon-neutral Good Tide packaging contains no plastics. $19.78/100 mgs; Sold in CO, OR, and CA. (Courtesy Wyld)

America loves its edibles in the form of squishy, colorful gummies. Gummies comprise seven in 10 edibles sold, and best-selling Wyld dominates. New this season—hash rosin fruity gummies. We think hash rosin reigns supreme as the best THC source for edibles. It’s the pure, unadulterated essence of cannabis, and gets you closer to a full-spectrum high. Fight wintry blues with these tropical vegan gummies in mango, guava, and pineapple.

Georgia Peach Marmalade bites by Marma

$6.75/100 mgs; Sold in CA, WA. (Courtesy Marmas)
$6.75/100 mgs; Sold in CA, WA. (Courtesy Marmas)

Biting into a Marma isn’t like a normal edible—they’re confectioner-quality and firm, yet give way to a bite, unlike rubbery gummies made with gelatin. Marmas came out of Washington and are making waves in California this season. They’re vegan, gluten-free, and now available in live resin blue raspberry, Georgia peach, and sour watermelon flavors. Unlike distillate, live resin extract offers brighter, more diverse flavors, thanks to live resin’s fresh-frozen flower source. 

Toci Treats by The People’s Ecosystem

New for Danksgiving, the BIPOC-led People’s Ecosystem Toci Treats. Price N/A / 100 mgs; Sold in CA. (Courtesy The People’s Ecosystem)
New for Danksgiving, the BIPOC-led People’s Ecosystem Toci Treats. Price N/A / 100 mgs; Sold in CA. (Courtesy The People’s Ecosystem)

The People’s Ecosystem’s new Toci Treats are made with Peanut Butter Soufflé live resin and taste like passionfruit at 10 mg a pop. WTF is a Toci Treat? They’re just starting to hit California stores, and they’re based off of edibles tech from Day Three Labs (developed in Colorado and Israel.)

Toci Treats doesn’t use an oil-based emulsion like lots of other edibles. They employ a protein instead. Day Three Labs co-founder Josh Rubin says the formula hits faster and closer to the high of smoking. Smoking hits in 90 seconds, while eating can take 90 minutes.

Poached Pear Gummies from Rose Los Angeles

$45 / 200 mg CBD. Sold in CA and online nationwide. (Courtesy Rose LA)
$45 / 200 mg CBD. Sold in CA and online nationwide. (Courtesy Rose LA)

Open your palate to a new world of smoky, sweet, and spicy with these Turkish delight-inspired artisanal gummies by Rose Los Angeles CBD in collaboration with Chef Enrique Olvera of Pujol Mexican restaurant. They’re vegan, pear-based, and poached in mezcal with homemade chili powder and hemp rosin. No THC buzz here. Each piece contains 10 mg CBD (with 20 pieces total) plus three other weed molecules that promote chilling out—CBN, CBG, and THCV.

Sour Blue Razzberry gummies from incredible

$12.50-$15 / 100 mg THC and 100mg CBN. Sold in CO, IL, MD, MA, NV, VG, OH. (Courtesy incredibles)
$12.50-$15 / 100 mg THC and 100 mg CBN. Sold in CO, IL, MD, MA, NV, VG, OH. (Courtesy incredibles)

Another big cannabis chain, Green Thumb Industries, has its edibles brand incredibles pumping out serviceable sours for seven states and Puerto Rico. They’re really chewy and satisfying to bite into, with a tart blue raspberry sour taste and pretty standard distillate THC backnote. Eat these with food, lest you overdo it. The THC and CBG mix should keep things jolly for your winter festivities. Also comes in Sour Cherry Tart and Super Sour Apple Pucker.

More gummies? Yes, please. See also: Kiva Camino sours, Lost Farm chews; Space Gem Sweet Sleepy Fig; Plus unwind


Coffee Caramel Rosin Chocolate Bar by CAMP

$20.49 / 100 mg. Sold in NV. (Courtesy CAMP)
$20.49 / 100 mg. Sold in NV. (Courtesy CAMP)

Chocolate lovers can get their edibles with rosin now, too, in Nevada. CAMP’s Coffee Caramel Rosin Chocolate Bar uses sustainable, Belgian chocolate hand-crafted in strain specific batches. That’s different from many basic distillates, which are a mix of different strains. CAMP’s founding chefs, Becky Quan and Ricky McCormick, are culinary veterans on the Las Vegas Strip. The launch batch uses rosin extracted from LA Kush Cake #6—one of Leafly’s most arousing strains of 2022. Stoke that fire, roll out the bear rug, and let these melt in your mouth.

Select Cosmic Caramel X Bites

$N/A / 100mg bag. Sold in Maine, Michigan. (Courtesy Select)
$N/A / 100 mg. Sold in Maine, Michigan. (Courtesy Select)

Big cannabis chain Curaleaf blankets the country in its new limited-edition seasonal Cosmic Caramel Select X Bites this winter. Each festive bite hits after 30 to 45 minutes and contains 10mg of THC—perfect for maintaining your patience and sense of mirth on those long holiday outings. Maine and Michigan get them first, then Arizona, Florida, Massachusetts and Missouri.


Korova Mint Chocolate Mini-Dip

You can always eat more, but you can’t eat less. [$20 / 100 mgs. Sold in CA, OR. (Courtesy Korova)
You can always eat more, but you can’t eat less. $20 / 100 mg. Sold in CA, OR. (Courtesy Korova)

California edibles brand Korova set the bar for potency in the medical weed heyday. Amid adult-use weed legalization, it still holds its own with new stuff like gummies, but also classics like the Korova Mint Chocolate Mini-Dip in Chocolate Chip Dip, Mint Dip, and Peanut Butter Dip. Each mini packs unrivaled potency—100 mg THC. 

“Gram for gram, these new Mini Dips edibles are nearly as potent as the infamous 1,000MG THC Black Bar,” Korova states. A cookie cutting chart on the back of the package helps out novices.

See also: Big Pete’s Sugar Cookies (sold in CA); Bubby’s Baked snickerdoodle (MD, MI, DE, MO).

Gravy, drinks, baking ingredients, and popcorn

Turkey Gravy Mix from Kiva

$5 / 10 mg. Sold in CA. (Courtesy Kiva)
$5 / 10 mg. Sold in CA. (Courtesy Kiva)

Buttery, rich, savory flavors of rosemary, thyme, and oregano make this infused Turkey Gravy Mix from Kiva a hit at Friendsgiving. Boil some water, tear open the packet, mix, and—boom! Thanksgiving chit-chat just got more bearable. Shoutout to market leader Kiva for taking a risk on a rare savory edible, and a baking mix at that. Kiva founder Kristi Palmer said the gravy gets folks high while still avoiding sweets. “The gravy is such an accessible way to introduce people to cannabis. I hope it helps people connect, laugh, and enjoy the moment.”

Cranberry Sage drink from Cann

Cann cran sage comes in 8-oz 6-packs ($24), 12-oz Hi Boys, drink mixes called Roadies, and 30-dose Bottle ($42.90) Sold in CA, MA, RI, NV, IL, and Canada. (Courtesy Cann)
Cann cran sage comes in 8-oz 6-packs ($24), 12-oz Hi Boys, Roadie drink mixes, and a 30-dose Bottle ($42.90) Sold in CA, MA, RI, NV, IL, and Canada. (Courtesy Cann)

It’s tart, it’s herbaceous, it’s hip—Cann’s holiday cran sage drink is basically the bada$$, nose-pierced Gen Z barista we’re over-tipping. Cann runs the drinks game out of California with its Goop-approved, little, microdose cans of on-trend drink flavors. Enjoy a hangover and regret-free Cali sober Christmas on these 2 mg THC drinks with 4 mg CBD. Even newbies “could have three or four of these over the course of a day” without adverse effects, said Cann CEO Jake Bullock.

See also: HiFi Sessions x Lagunitas x Absolute Xtracts – HiFi Hoppy Chill; Keef Cola Root Beer.

Infused salt, sugar, or ramen from Left-Handed

20 packs of infused sugar cost $13 and contain 100 mg. Sold in WA, MA. (Courtesy Left-Handed)
$13 / 100 mg. Contains 20 packets. Sold in WA, MA. (Courtesy Left-Handed)

Go on an adventure in your own kitchen with Left-Handed’s infused baking ingredients—sugars and spices spiked with 10 mg THC per pack. Skip the mystery cannabutter overdose spirit journey with these precision-tested packets of sugar, sugar and cinnamon, salt, or ramen. The sugar helps sweeten up the perfect loco hot coco. The salt can spice up a slice of turkey. Use caution actually baking with Left-Handed pre-activated THC. Too much heat (above 300ºF) will burn the high right out of the mix.

See also: Self-Baked DIYcannabis-infused brownies and cookies.

Kringle’s Krunch popcorn from Heavenly Sweet

We gettin' reindeer-high: $24 / 100 mg. Sold in CA. (Courtesy Heavenly Sweet)
We gettin’ Santa’s reindeer-high. $24 / 100 mg. Sold in CA. (Courtesy Heavenly Sweet)

Red, white and green is the color palette as we enter November, and now, your treats can match your festive front lawns and living rooms. Heavenly Sweet’s Kringle Krunch cinnamon and white chocolate-infused popcorn bites allow you to microdose your way through the New Year. Each piece of popcorn contains 1 mg in a 100 mg total package. Founder Sheila Dedenbach said they’re “a delicious combination between cinnamon hot and the sweet creaminess [of] white chocolate that would be absolutely beautiful in a bowl” displayed with the other hors d’oeuvres at your upcoming party. 

See also: Real Deal Resin Hasher Snacks Honey-Roasted Chipotle Peanuts (CA); Red Hot Riplets (MO); Uncle Snoop’s Snazzle-O’s from TSUMo Snacks (CA); High Life Farms Nuggies chocolate-covered pretzel bites (MI, CA.)

Check, please!

We’re stuffed on edibles for this post and totally flying. See you at our next holiday guide later this month.

What’s the best thing to do on edibles? Sleep? Spin vinyl? Comment below.

David Downs's Bio Image

David Downs

Leafly Senior Editor David Downs received a Literary Excellence Award from Oaksterdam University in 2022. On the cannabis beat since 2009, he’s published three books, including the best-selling cannabis crop science book ‘Marijuana Harvest.’ Downs guest lectured at the Loyola Marymount University Law School’s Journalism Law School, UC Berkeley Extension, and contributed to Continuing Education of the Bar’s Marijuana Law Hub, sponsored by University of California and the State Bar of California. Downs’ work has appeared in San Francisco Chronicle, New York Times, Scientific American, Wired, Rolling Stone, The Onion, Columbia Journalism Review, High Times, Billboard, and many more. He holds a bachelor’s degree in English Literature from UC Santa Barbara, and was a Fellow at the Medill School of Journalism’s Academy of Alternative Journalism in Chicago.

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Colorado just voted to legalize and decriminalize psychedelics. Here’s what happens next




After a long and contentious campaign, the people of Colorado have spoken.

The Centennial State has voted to legalize and decriminalize various psychedelic drugs via Proposition 122, also known as the Natural Medicine Health Act.

Proponents declared victory on Wednesday evening. With 88% of the ballots counted, the measure had eked out a narrow win: 51.4% of voters supported it, and 48.6% opposed.

Proposition 122 includes several components that state officials will implement over the next several years: The decriminalization of psychedelic drugs, the legalization of psilocybin (magic mushrooms), and the potential legalization of other psychedelic drugs, including ibogaine, dimethyltryptamine (DMT), and mescaline (not derived from peyote).

Here’s what happens next.

When will Colorado decriminalize the possession of psychedelics?

Decriminalization will take effect with the confirmation of the November vote. Prop 122 decriminalizes the possession of the following plant-derived substances: Psilocybin, ibogaine, dimethyltryptamine (DMT), and mescaline (not derived from peyote). A leading supporter of the measure told Leafly that legal psilocybin “treatment centers” would likely begin opening in early 2025.

How much can I possess?

Prop 122 does not include specific language around possession limits.


How to grow psychedelic mushrooms for the first time

When can I legally buy psilocybin and other psychedelics?

Prop 122 allows for the gifting of the psychedelics to begin with the certification of the vote.

It will take awhile before adults can purchase psilocybin (and the associated treatment regimen) at a state-sanctioned treatment center. 

First, the state must establish a 15-member Natural Medicine Advisory Board, who will in turn craft rules for the program. A leading supporter of the measure told Leafly that psilocybin treatment centers will likely open in early 2025. The Natural Medicine Advisory Board can decide to expand the scope of the law to provide a similarly regulated market for ibogaine, dimethyltryptamine (DMT), and mescaline (not derived from peyote), but not before June 1, 2026.

Can I cultivate mushrooms at home?

Yes. Personal cultivation of entheogens will become decriminalized as soon as state officials certify the November vote.


Does Colorado’s psychedelics legalization measure deserve the criticism it’s drawing?

Will there be treatment centers for psychedelics?

Yes. Prop 122 allows licensed treatment centers to open across the state. Adults can consume psilocybin in a treatment center beginning like in 2025. State officials could begin the process of legalizing treatment centers for ibogaine, DMT, and mescaline on or after June 1, 2026.

Will psilocybin be taxed?

The measure does not include specific language around taxation.

Is there a sentence expungement process?

The Natural Medicine Health Act calls for individuals who have completed sentences for offenses rendered legal by the act to be able to petition to have their record sealed. In Colorado, expungement is typically only applied to juveniles’ records.

Can my town ban treatment centers?

No, but localities can zone treatment centers to specific areas, and put  limits on their hours of operation, as long as they are not “unreasonable” in nature.

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