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Election 2022: Oklahoma marijuana legalization guide

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SQ 820, Oklahoma’s cannabis legalization initiative

Oklahoma’s secretary of state has confirmed that State Question 820 (SQ 820), a statewide measure to legalize the adult use of marijuana, has enough signatures to qualify for the Nov. 8, 2022, ballot.

Whether the measure will actually appear on the ballot still remains an open question. A bureaucratic snafu by the state agency in charge of verifying citizen initiatives put the measure in jeopardy, and prohibitionists filed four challenges to SQ 820’s place on the ballot. (Marijuana Moment’s Kyle Jaeger has an explainer following the strands that make up that tangled mess, if you feel like getting into it.)

As of Sept. 19, the state’s high court was working through the issues and the ultimate fate of SQ 280 remained uncertain.

Read the full 16-page proposal here: State Question 820.

Is this medical or adult use legalization?

Adult use (recreational). Marijuana would be legal for all adults age 21 and older.

What’s the current law?

Medical marijuana has been legal in Oklahoma since voters passed a previous measure in June, 2018. Cannabis remains illegal for those without a medical card.

Related

Oklahoma marijuana laws

What the initiative would do

Oklahoma’s proposed statewide initiative would legalize cannabis for all adults age 21 or older. Other highlights include:

  • Adults would be legally allowed to possess up to one ounce of cannabis.
  • Non-medical marijuana products would be subject to a 15% excise tax.
  • Medical marijuana products would not be subject to the excise tax.
  • The measure would create a judicial process for people to seek redress for certain prior marijuana-related judgments and sentences.

How do I vote in Oklahoma?

This is important: Verify your registration status and ID validity right now, while there’s still time to bring both up to date.

Vote in person, on paper ballots, on Tuesday, Nov. 8, 2022. Polling stations will be open from 7:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m. statewide. Click on this link to find out where to vote in Oklahoma. You must vote in the county where you are registered.

Remember: You must bring valid ID in order to vote. Here is a list of valid forms of ID in Oklahoma.

Early voting is available for the November general election. Polling stations will be open for early voting on Nov. 2, Nov. 3, and Nov. 4, from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. They will also be open on Saturday, Nov. 5, from 8 a.m. to 2 p.m.

Limited absentee voting is allowed. Absentee ballots for the Nov. 8 election must be requested no later than 5 p.m. on Oct. 24, 2022. Check with the state website to see how it’s done.

What’s required to pass legalization?

In Oklahoma, a “state question” must only gather a majority of votes cast in a statewide election. In other words, 50.01% approval will pass it.

Possession would become legal for all adults on or near Feb. 8, 2023. The proposal specifies that the rules contained in the approved initiative would become effective 90 days after voters approve it.

How much can I possess?

If 820 passes, adults 21 or older may possess up to one ounce of cannabis flower, up to 8 grams of cannabis concentrates, and up to 8 grams of cannabis concentrates contained within an infused product (food or beverage).

It’s unclear. SQ 820 makes it clear that the state (in the form of the Oklahoma Medical Marijuana Authority) will be required to post the rules and regulations for a legal adult-use system no later than May 8, 2023.

The initiative contains no absolute deadline for store openings. In theory, legal weed stores could open as soon as late May or June, 2023.

Who will operate the stores?

Who will operate the stores?

For the first two years of legal adult-use sales, retail sales licenses will be issued only to operators of state-licensed medical marijuana dispensaries that have been in business for at least one year as of Feb. 8, 2023.

Who’s regulating and issuing licenses?

The existing Oklahoma Medical Marijuana Authority (OMMA), which currently regulates MMJ dispensaries, will expand to become the state regulator for adult-use cannabis as well.

Can I open a weed store?

Between now and Feb. 6, 2025, the answer is no—unless you already operate a state-licensed medical marijuana dispensary.

The good news is that once the state opens up adult-use cannabis licenses to new companies, those applications and licenses will be relatively inexpensive. SQ 820 caps the fee for an application and a license at $2,500. Which is a lot less than some other states charge.

What are the penalties for underage use?

SQ 820 contains a clause that sets the penalty for underage (under 21) possession or use as a $100 fine, with the option of attending four hours of drug education or counseling in lieu of the fine.

What are the penalties for possessing more than one ounce?

If you’re over weight (possess more than one ounce of cannabis flower), you will be subject to a $200 fine—but only if the possession weight is two ounces or less.

It’s unclear what the penalties for holding more than two ounces would be, but presumably tougher than a $200 fine.

Can I grow my own?

Home growing would be allowed under the provisions of SQ 820. Each adult would be able to grow up to six seedlings plus six mature plants in or around a private residence. There would be a total limit of 12 seedlings and 12 mature plants at any private residence, regardless of the number of adult occupants.

The plants must be “not visible and recognizable as marijuana by normal, unaided vision from a public place.” In other words, you’ve got to shield it from public view, whether that’s with curtains, a fence, whatever.

Home growers whose plants are determined to be publicly visible could be subject to a fine of up to $250.

When could I start growing my own?

Seeds in the soil on or near Feb. 6, 2023. The measure’s homegrow rules take effect 90 days after voters approve SQ 820.

Could I smoke a joint in public?

No. Smoking or vaping cannabis in public would be penalized by a fine of up to $25, but not arrest.

What about gun ownership protections?

SQ 820 contains a clause that protects the rights of gun owners to legally purchase and enjoy cannabis.

Any other protections?

Yes. Oklahoma’s SQ 820 contains a forward-thinking provision that protects a parent’s right to enjoy cannabis responsibly, without risking the loss of their children.

The measure says: “A person shall not be denied custody of or visitation or parenting time with a minor child, and there is no presumption of neglect or child endangerment, for conduct that is addressed and permitted by this Act, unless the behavior of the person creates an unreasonable danger to the safety of the minor child.”

Leafly has investigated and documented the harm visited on parents and children by state child welfare agencies, who have penalized law-abiding adults and ripped apart families due to an adult exercising their right to consume cannabis legally.

Related

Cruel marijuana laws are turning pregnancy into a crime

Legalization initiative sponsors

Oklahomans for Sensible Marijuana Laws are the leading advocates in Oklahoma, and they are heading up the Yes on 820 campaign.

Legalization initiative opponents

Early challenges intended to keep SQ 820 off the November ballot (they failed, it’s on the ballot) have been led by the Luke Niforatos, head of the prohibitionist Protect Our Kids PAC.

Niforatos partnered with a handful of locals, some of whom (according to the public-interest journalism site Oklahoma Watch, below) are affiliated with the Oklahoma Farm Bureau, the state’s powerful agriculture lobbying organization.

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Bruce Barcott

Leafly Senior Editor Bruce Barcott oversees news, investigations, and feature projects. He is a Guggenheim Fellow and author of Weed the People: The Future of Legal Marijuana in America.

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All about Cannabis

A Conservative Cannabis Act?  – Cannabis | Weed | Marijuana

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Is it possible a Conservative Cannabis Act can fix the damage of Justin’s legalization?

On October 17th, 2018, the government of Canada legalized cannabis with strict conditions on who could sell it, how to access legal products, and how much you could grow for personal use.

This top-down public health scheme split BC Bud into two camps. Those who wanted to follow the rules and try to become legitimate. And those who saw the corporatization of their medicinal herb and said, “no, thanks.”

Four years later, even large licensed producers are worried about the future of the cannabis industry. It seems you can’t take a public health approach and have a thriving commercial sector.

The two are incompatible, as evidenced by the continued existence of the illicit market.

Canadians aren’t buying moonshine made in bathtubs. Alcohol regulations across the country are liberal enough to prevent black markets.

This truth is so evident that only the “right-wing” parties of the country understand this. Unfortunately, only one of them is capable of winning the next election.

And it’s led by a leader who believes drugs are inherently harmful and that “addicts” need treatment and recovery.

A Pierre Poilievre Conservative government likely won’t touch the Cannabis Act with a ten-foot pole. But let’s say they do. What would a Conservative Cannabis Act look like?

The Cannabis Act is Already Conservative

A Conservative Cannabis Act? 
Joseph Copley/Canva

If we travel back to, let’s say, 1972, and I told you Canada would legalize cannabis in 2018. Then I explained how the regime looked. You might wonder: did the Conservative Party legalize cannabis?

Traditionally, liberals have been for individual rights. A true, small-L liberal government would legalize cannabis for the same reason they don’t ban abortions: you own your body.

Wanna fill your lungs with cannabis smoke? That’s your prerogative. Just as you have every right to evict a trespasser using your uterus, rent-free.

Liberals, in the classical sense, are about decentralization.

We already have laws on the books to deal with the legal cannabis industry. There’s no reason to create a task force or an “expert panel,” to study the issue.

Health Canada does not need to enforce the rules.

If the Conservative Party legalized cannabis, they would do it for all the reasons Justin Trudeau’s Liberals outlined in 2015.

We gotta protect the children. We gotta remove the profits from criminal gangs.

Cannabis legalization, as envisioned by the Cannabis Act, is an egalitarian idea. A conservative reaction to the failure of the drug war as it pertains to weed.

Justin’s legalization is a Conservative Cannabis Act. From the erroneous claims about public health and safety to the anti-marketing, plain-packaging, child-resistant plastic containers legal cannabis is sold in.

The Cannabis Act fits squarely into the conservative camp. 

Will Justin Run on the Weed Ticket Again? 

Justin Trudeau could face an election when this Cannabis Act review wraps up in 18 months. He could run the weed ticket again, as that’s the only real success he’s had with young people.

And young people are leaving the Liberals and NDP in droves to join Poilievre’s common sense revolution.

We know Justin loves using wedge issues to divide Canadians amongst themselves.

The Cannabis Act review might suggest increasing the 10mg edible THC limit to displace the black market. But public health busybodies won’t be for it because it doesn’t protect “the children.” 

What do you think Justin will say? He’ll go wherever the polls lead him.

We know what Poilievre will do. Despite his condemnation of public health for lockdowns and vaccine passports, he’s on board with their addiction, recovery, and treatment rhetoric.

Fortunately, if this is part of Justin’s reelection plan, I don’t think it’ll work.

For starters, it’s not 2015 anymore. Justin’s “sunny ways” have come and gone without anybody noticing they were here to begin with.

It’s 2022, and people are struggling with the cost of living. Liberal commentators talk about inflation not being an election issue if (or when) Canadians go to the polls in 2025.

But that’s ridiculous. The people saying this are those who didn’t see the inflation crisis coming. And when it hit, they called it “transitory.”

The reality is we’re entering the stages of economic depression the likes the world hasn’t seen since the 1930s.

Suppose Justin tries to run on a more liberalized legalization scheme. 

It’s unlikely that young people living with their parents or putting 80% of their income into their living costs will care.

What Pierre Poilievre Told Me 

A Conservative Cannabis Act? 

I don’t see a Poilievre government touching the Cannabis Act.

If the 18-month review wraps up in time for an election, perhaps a Poilievre government will implement its findings. Part of that continuity of government, where Harper’s medical cannabis regulations aren’t so different from Justin Trudeau’s conservative Cannabis Act.

What will Pierre Poilievre do? I decided to ask him. It took over a month for a reply by e-mail. And I suspect this was probably a staffer or a bot, not Pierre himself.

Nevertheless, he signed his name to it, so this must be his opinion.

He wrote: “Dangerous and addictive drugs tear families apart, promote criminal behaviour, and destroy lives. Instead of making it easier for drug addicts to consume drugs, the Liberal Government should support treatment and recovery programs to get addicts off drugs.”

(Which, on further inspection, is taken verbatim from what Harold Albrecht said in the House of Commons on February 26th, 2019).

So basically, the same narrative when Ottawa and B.C. announced the decriminalization of drugs like opioids and cocaine.

Of course, politicians are going to politic.

I don’t expect Poilievre to have an opinion on cannabis legalization anymore than he has on abortion or gay marriage.

These topics aren’t worth disrupting the narrative that Liberals raise the cost of living while Conservatives will bring it down.

Anything counter or irrelevant to this narrative won’t see the light of day. That is the nature of democratic politics.

A Conservative Cannabis Act

Courtesy of GreenCuisineCBD.com

Can a Conservative Cannabis Act bring down the cost of living? It sounds a little ridiculous, but it’s a subject I’ve covered here before.

Centuries of selective breeding have split the cannabis sativa genus into two identifiable crops: consumable cannabis and industrial hemp.

Hemp may be the most sustainable crop on the planet. It certainly is one of the fastest-growing. It requires little water, no pesticides, and returns nutrients to the topsoil. 

Instead of banning plastic bags and straws, the government can promote hemp-derived plastic with targeted tax breaks and subsidies. 

Hemp is suitable for textiles, as well. Our current approach uses cotton, which requires pesticides that build up in the soil and contaminate drinking water.

Deforestation is a problem solved by hemp farming. 

Hemp farming can also supplement our oil production and eventually overtake it. Hemp biodiesel isn’t some fringe, unworkable idea.

A Conservative Cannabis Act could look at cannabis and hemp as undeveloped resources. 

Essential for protecting the planet’s topsoil and conserving Canada’s resources while reducing plastics, pollution, and waste.

All without a carbon tax.

Poilievre’s Conservatives may not make this an election issue this time around. But this is the way if they want to decimate the Liberals and NDP in future elections. 

The Liberal Cannabis Act treats cannabis as a drug worse than heroin and subjects it to taxes and regulations that end up doing more harm than good. 

A Conservative Cannabis Act could work to conserve the environment. 

Footnote(s)





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Supreme Court trial on homegrow ban reveals a bigger issue in federal cannabis legalization

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In Canada, legalization grants people the ability to grow up to four cannabis plants per household for personal use—unless, of course, you live in Manitoba or Quebec.

The two provinces have banned adult-use cannabis cultivation at home since the beginning of federal legalization in 2018. A man from Quebec is trying to get the province to reconsider. Janick Murray-Hall is challenging the ban on behalf of himself and any others that may be penalized for growing cannabis at home.

The ongoing legal battle began in 2019 and reached another milestone as the case was heard before the Supreme Court of Canada on the morning of September 15. The hearing took place, as an exception, in Quebec City instead of Ottawa as part of a Supreme Court initiative to make the justice system more accessible to Canadians.

Does a provincial cannabis cultivation ban supersede the rights granted under federal legalization?

Murray-Hall believes that sections 5 and 10 of Quebec’s Cannabis Regulation Act are against Canadian’s charter rights and freedom on the grounds that they directly contravene the federal Cannabis Act. Under the Act, Canadians are permitted to grow and possess up to four cannabis plants per household for personal consumption. 

He says that federal law should take precedence over provincial legislation.

In court on Thursday, Murray-Hall’s lawyer, Maxime Guérin, accused the province of creating legislation to “stigmatize the possession and growing and consumption of cannabis,” saying that it undermined the values of the federal act.

“The Quebec government was really looking to offset or counteract the federal legislation,” Guérin told the court as he answered questions from the nine Supreme Court justices seated in the Quebec City courtroom.

Guérin also told the court that the federal regulations “seem to grant positive rights” to Canadians with regard to growing and possessing cannabis plants. 

But Patricia Blair, legal representation for the Attorney General of Quebec, told the court that while the federal Cannabis Act may render it not federally illegal to grow cannabis, it doesn’t give Canadians the right or entitlement to do so.

Blair noted that the Criminal Code is not intended to bestow “positive rights,” but to prohibit specific activities.

Blair also stressed that the provincial legislation, including the ban on home cultivation, is intended to ensure the respective safety of Quebec’s youth and its cannabis consumers.

This means that ultimately, according to Blair, the provincial legislation does in fact have “the same objective” as the federal Cannabis Act, despite Murray-Hill’s claims of a disparity.

The court also heard from a long line of interveners, whose role is to advance their own view of a legal matter before the court and to aid in providing a broader perspective on a particular issue than those of the respondents and appellants. 

Parties with intervener status included representatives from advocacy groups such as the Canadian Cancer Society, Canadian Association for Progres in Justice, and Cannabis Amnesty; from industry groups such as the Cannabis Council of Canada and Quebec Cannabis Industry Association; and the Attorneys General of Saskatchewan, Alberta, Ontario, British Columbia, and Manitoba, the latter being the only other province in Canada where home cultivation is banned. 

Canadians can grow four plants at home—except in Manitoba and Quebec

The legal challenge dates back to 2019 when applicant Murray-Hall, best known for being the creator of the parody website “Le Journal de Mourréal,” challenged two sections of the provincial cannabis legislation that prohibit Quebecers from growing cannabis at home and/or possessing cannabis plants for personal use. 

The Superior Court sided with Murray-Hall and found both sections 5 and 10 of the provincial Act to be constitutionally invalid.

In her ruling, Justice Manon Lavoie wrote that the sections infringed upon the jurisdiction of the federal government, which permitted the home cultivation of up to four plants per household and is solely responsible for the legislation of criminal affairs. 

Justice Lavoie noted that while the province could potentially place further limits on home cultivation, it could not ban the practice outright. But the decision was overturned in September 2021 by the Quebec Court of Appeal, which unanimously ruled the provisions in question to be constitutionally valid.

Murray-Hall then escalated the battle to the country’s highest court.

Despite overwhelming public support for home cultivation in surveys pre-legalization, growing cannabis at home will cost you. Persons caught possessing or growing cannabis for personal use in Quebec face a fine of $250 to $750 for a first offence, with the amount doubled for a second offence, under the current legislation. 

Related

One store’s legal battle to free the pot leaf and save Quebecois cannabis culture

La belle province has long had some of the strictest cannabis laws in the country, including the highest legal minimum age to consume (21 and over), limits on how much cannabis residents can possess in private, and additional restrictions on products like edibles, shirts, bongs, and books.

Manitoba is the only other province in Canada that has banned adult-use home cultivation. 

This trial could set the stage for challenging provincial bans in other provinces too

Outside of Quebec, Manitoba residents will be the most directly affected by the upcoming ruling.

A decision that upholds the provincial ban in Quebec would essentially set Manitoba’s own cultivation ban in stone. If the ban is struck down as unconstitutional then many homes in Manitoba may get a little bit greener in the near future, to the likely chagrin of the Attorney General’s office. 

For the rest of Canada, the consequences may be less immediately evident in day-to-day life, but Toronto-based lawyer and former NORML Canada director Caryma Sa’d told Leafly that the decision rendered in this case could set a precedent that has legal consequences that extend beyond home cannabis cultivation in Quebec. 

A good example of this might be Alberta (Attorney General) vs. Moloney, a 2015 case involving car insurance and a conflict between provincial and federal legislation that has been repeatedly cited by attorneys and in intervener factums as this case winds its way through the court system.

Sa’d says that Murray-Hill’s argument that federal law trumps provincial legislation has some validity and cites the doctrine of paramountcy, which stipulates that in cases where federal and provincial laws are in conflict, federal laws will prevail. 

The Societé Québecoise du Cannabis (SQDC) has earned an estimated $168.5 million in net income since legalization and recently announced a net income of $20.5 million for its first quarter ending in June 2022.

The conflict can consist of a direct operational conflict, where it is impossible to comply with both federal and provincial laws, or an indirect operational conflict, wherein the operation of provincial legislation “frustrates” the purpose of federal laws. 

But that doesn’t mean that the case is open-and-shut.

“In the name of co-operative federalism, [the doctrine of paramountcy] has to be applied with restraint,” Sa’d explains. The crux of the legal argument comes down to this—does the Cannabis Act actually grant Canadians the positive right to grow and possess cannabis plants?

“Yes, I do think that it grants people the positive right,” she says, but cautions that the Justices may not see it that way. “Ultimately, the outcome is impossible to predict.”

Is Quebec protecting citizens or profit margin?

While attorneys for the province and some interveners stressed that the cultivation ban was about protecting consumers and the safety of young people, others have wondered if the province might also be protecting its own financial interest as Quebecers’ only source of legal weed.

In a recent investigation by MJBiz Daily, reporter Matt Lamers revealed that the most profitable cannabis businesses in Canada were, in fact, owned by the government. Number two on the list? Quebec’s own Societé Québecoise du Cannabis (SQDC)—the province’s sole legal cannabis retailer.

The SQDC has earned an estimated $168.5 million in net income since legalization and recently announced a net income of $20.5 million for its first quarter ending in June 2022. With an additional $33.5 million in the form of consumer and excise taxes, the SQDC generated a total of $54 million for the Quebec government that quarter.

“The purpose of the SQDC is not to make profits, but rather a to be a non-profit corporate Corporation,” Guérin said at the end of the hearing, noting that the cash went into “government coffers,” albeit with the stipulation that it be re-invested.

Won’t somebody please think of the children?

The protection of youth was repeatedly cited throughout the hearing, with provincial Attorneys General stressing the ban as a means of keeping kids and young people safe. 

But Montreal researcher Kira London-Nadeau, chair of Canadian Students for Sensible Drug Policy, founder of VoxCann, and a strategic advisor for the national Cannabis & Psychosis project of the Schizophrenia Society of Canada, is skeptical of the province’s argument that the ban on home cultivation protects young people. 

“Since the plant needs to be properly prepared in order to deliver any psychoactive effects, growing cannabis at home does not mean youth will have unbridled access,” London-Nadeau told Leafly.

“But perhaps even more importantly, growing cannabis at home opens the door for families to have open, honest and de-stigmatizing conversations about cannabis use.”

London-Nadeau believes that an age-appropriate but straightforward approach is integral when it comes to the safety and well-being of kids and teens.

“We need to do away with the idea that protecting youth means hiding things away from them and take actual responsibility for ensuring that young people have the tools and knowledge to make their own informed decisions,” she says. “This is the best way to support youth.”

Don’t expect to learn the trial verdict anytime soon

When the Supreme Court will rule is anyone’s guess, but Sa’d estimated that it could be months—or longer—before Canadians hear a decision. Until then, home horticulturalists in Quebec will have to fly under the radar to avoid hefty fines.

Alternatively, Quebecers have the option of (illegally) purchasing cannabis products from the illicit market that provincial legislation sought to eradicate, or (legally) purchasing cannabis products from a provincial retailer and handing their money over to the government that enacted the ban.

Regardless of how the Justices rule, it’s somewhat ironic that the province that values its autonomy above all else has lost all decision-making power in its long-game attempt to defend it. With the case now in federal hands, all Quebecers can do is wait.



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Vermont weed stores open Oct. 1, here’s where to find them

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After years of waiting, one of America’s most 420-friendly states is finally getting its own legal cannabis stores.

Vermont’s first state-licensed adult-use stores are scheduled to open this Saturday, Oct. 1.

You may have to travel to find one, though. As of Sept. 30, only three stores had been given the green light to open on Oct. 1. Eventually there will be up to 100 stores licensed, but it will take months for them to open their doors.

At Leafly, our business is helping people find cannabis. To keep up on stores opening near you, download the Leafly App and sign up for our Leafly Newsletter.

We expect the state’s opening day celebration to be centered around the CeresMED store in Burlington, which is expected to open for adult-use sales at 9 a.m. on Saturday, Oct. 1. Arrive early, dress for autumn, maybe bring a chair and snacks. The line will be long but friendly and cheerful. Don’t forget to bring your ID—you will need it even if you’re 101 years old.

Here’s where you’ll find the stores licensed to open on Oct. 1.

Related

Edibles dosage chart: How strong is your cannabis-infused edible?

Burlington

CeresMED

190 College Street

Hours: 9am to 4:45pm Mon-Sat, closed Sunday

(844) 283-9333

CeresMED has four medical locations in Vermont, but on Oct. 1 adult-use sales will be limited to its “old” location at 190 College Street in Burlington.

Middlebury

FLORA Cannabis

2 Park Street

Hours: Still to be determined

flora-cannabis-storefront
Located in downtown Middlebury, Flora Cannabis is expected to open on Saturday for all adults 21 and older.

Located in the heart of downtown Middlebury, Flora Cannabis is expected to be the first rec-only store to open in Vermont. (CeresMED and Mountain Girl Cannabis have been operating as medical dispensaries.)

They expect to have cannabis flower, pre-rolls, as well as infused gummies, caramels, and chocolate for sale on Saturday.

Flora was started by two Middlebury locals—Michael Sims, an entrepreneur and marketing professional with five years of experience in the hemp and CBD industry, and Dave Silberman, an attorney who specializes in cannabis law.

Learn more about the folks getting Flora up and running in this NBC5 / Burlington report, and in the Addison County Independent.

Rutland

Mountain Girl Cannabis

174 West Street

Hours: 11am to 6pm Thurs-Mon, closed Tues-Wed

mountain-girl-grand-opening-sign

Mountain Girl was named to honor Carolyn Garcia, a lifelong advocate for legalization, sustainable cannabis cultivation, and educated consumption. (Garcia, the former wife of Grateful Dead founder Jerry Garcia, is often referred to as Mountain Girl.)

The store’s founders, Ana and Josh MacDuff, have their own interesting backstories. Born in the Andes mountains of Colombia, Ana MacDuff was a management and IT professional working for insurance and waste management firms—before pivoting to cannabis. Josh MacDuff got his start in the insurance and credit union world, before becoming an advocate helping hemp farmers and retailers find the insurance they need to succeed.

Come say hello on Saturday!

Josh and Ana MacDuff, founders of Mountain Girl Cannabis in Rutland, VT. (photo from Mountaingirlcannabis.com)

Related

Vermont marijuana laws

Other stores are coming soon

Brattleboro

Vermont Bud Barn

257 Marlboro Road

(802) 246-4367

Vermont Bud Barn has been licensed for retail (adult-use) sales, and we expect the store to open its doors in mid-October. Owner Scott Sparks says his staff is aiming for an Oct. 17 grand opening. That’s my target date,” Sparks told the Brattleboro Reformer. “It’s a moving target.” 

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Bruce Barcott

Leafly Senior Editor Bruce Barcott oversees news, investigations, and feature projects. He is a Guggenheim Fellow and author of Weed the People: The Future of Legal Marijuana in America.

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