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Grow Room Requirements for Cannabis



Growing your supply of cannabis requires more than just a desire to smoke a joint. Trust me; you will need a truckload of commitment and dedication to better appreciate this herb and tender it like a baby. Since the global cannabis industry keeps expanding and gaining popularity, many people have entered the business of producing cannabis. So, be rest assured, you are not alone on this quest. Recently, there has been a significant increase in the number of people growing weed behind doors. In regions where the cannabis laws are not exactly favorable, you can find several grow rooms concealed in the basements or hidden in small enclosures.


The point is, any strains of cannabis, if carefully nurtured, can grow anywhere. Not only in the open garden. In countries where the rules are modern, you can find industrial-scale grow rooms fully functional and equipped for cannabis production. Regardless of your choice of plant size or enclosure size, the cannabis grow rooms must be equipped to fully support the plants. Cannabis has for long been grown outdoors, so most of the strains available today have genetics that survive better outdoors. You will want to mimic the outdoor conditions as close as possible.
Giving your cannabis the same conditions as with its natural habitat requires a lot of work and dedication. You will need an indoor space of at least 1m2 to produce a continuous supply of weed every growing season. Depending on whether you want large harvest yields, your space allocation can be bigger. You will want to make sure you have all the necessary equipment needed to help your plant through the seedling, germinating, vegetative and flowering stage. A good cannabis lighting setup is also required, especially if you are cultivating autoflower strains.

Getting Started: The Conditions to Be Fulfilled

1. Space

Discretion is probably one of the main reasons people decide to grow their weed indoors. So, you will need just the right space to get started. There is no exactly fixed space dimension for cannabis indoor growth. The space you will need depends on many other factors, including the number of plants, the height of light and fan, and the size of the odor control setup. Nevertheless, the space requirement is one of the simplest conditions to be fulfilled. Once you’ve sorted this, you can move on.


2. Light and Light Proofing

Cannabis plants need light to grow properly. Especially during the flowering and vegetative stages, much of the operations of these plants depend on their light and dark cycles. Outdoors, the natural light source, takes care of this requirement. But in your grow room, it is all up to you. A typical cannabis plant needs about 18 hours of light in a day. During the flowering stage, it needs about 12. This reduction in light exposure is what triggers flowering. Except if you are only growing autoflowers, this light requirement is very important. You should also procure the best cannabis grow lights for your planting operation.
Light proofing is as important as the quality of grow light you’ve selected. Your grow room should be entirely lightproof. Once your plant enters the vegetative stage, it becomes very sensitive to the length of light exposure. There is a big problem if your grow room light leaks out of the enclosure. This is because any crack that allows light leakage will also allow light into the enclosure. Light leakage can confuse your plant as it struggles to understand why the light cycle fluctuates unexpectedly. This can reduce the yield of your plant, trigger hermaphroditism, delay flowering, or, at worst, cause plant failure.


3. Air Integrity

Your grow room should be air-tight. As your cannabis grows and flowers, it produces large resinous buds and gives off a characteristic odor. Sometimes, the plant odor might be strong enough, extending beyond the grow room and into the external environment. This is a big problem as your growing operation can lose discretion this way. A well-sealed room helps trap the odor and make sure it stays only in the grow room. You can also learn how to control cannabis grow room odor. An airtight room also helps you regulate air inlet. If your grow room is located in an environment with a considerable level of air pollution, you will want to make sure your plant is safe from contaminants in the air.
When your room is airtight, air pollutants cannot interfere with the growth cycle and reduce yield. A well-sealed room also helps you safely protect your plant from bugs, cannabis root aphids, vermin, and airborne pathogens. If infected by all these, your cannabis develops yields that are not only substandard but also have less appeal from cannabis users. If you are also willing to take your planting operations further and experiment with CO2 enrichment, an airtight room also helps you through the processes without hassles.


4. Climate Control

Simulating a natural habitat for your cannabis plants starts with controlling the climate of your room. You will want to have conditions that are very close to that obtainable in open gardens. Cannabis strains, including plants of economic value, only thrive under ideal climate conditions. Humidity and temperature are the principal conditions you must control if your plant must grow properly. Generally, cannabis grown indoors thrive better at a temperature range of about 68 – 77 degrees Fahrenheit during the vegetative stage. During the flowering stage, the optimal temperature range is set at 65 – 85 degrees Fahrenheit. For humidity, depending on the stage of growth, indoor cannabis plants generally thrive better at a relative humidity range of 40% – 70%.
If the temperature is too high, the plant is exposed to too much heat. This might trigger cellular death and loss of nutrients. The plants also lose water, and the resinous buds can become easily damaged. Not only will the potency be lost, but the cannabinoids sensitive to heat can also become structurally altered. High humidity levels provide the right environment for fungus and mold growth. If left unchecked, molds and fungus can infect the plant and significantly reduce harvest yield. The extremely dry condition also spell doom to the cannabis plants. Learning to regulate temperature and humidity is a skill you must learn.


A. Adjusting Temperature

Raising Temperature

  • Grow Light: Grow lights emit different heat signatures and, as such, can help you regulate your grow room temperature. Fluorescents. MH, and HPS are known to give off more heat than light-emitting diodes.
  • Heaters: You can also use a heater as a conventional method of increasing the temperature of your grow room. You must have sensitive equipment to track the temperature levels while using the heater.

Decreasing Temperature

  • Control Air Flow: A simple technique to lower grow room temperature is by controlling the flow of air. You can remove warm air from the room and bring in fresh air from the external environment using large fans. The cooling process can be unpredictable and depends on the temperature of the external air.
  • Air condition Units: Although expensive, air condition units are the most reliable method of decreasing a grow room temperature. They come in handy when fans are not enough to get the job done.

B. Adjusting Humidity

Raising Humidity

  • Humidifiers: You can simply invest in humidity with a large water reservoir. Humidifiers add water to the grow room and directly increase the humidity levels.
  • Spray Bottles: If you are operating on a low budget, spray bottles are your best option. Using a spray bottle, you can easily add water to the plants and introduce mist into the grow room. Be sure to only make the leaves moist and not wet.

Decreasing Humidity

  • Dehumidifiers: Dehumidifiers reverse the action of humidifiers on the humidity levels. They remove moisture from the air. This helps you control a humid grow space and reduce the risk of mold growth.
  • You can also try to water your plant when the lights are off. The temperature is lower during this time, and the water vapors can stay longer in the grow room.

Regulating temperature and humidity also involve using designated tools that can track changes in these parameters. A basic, easy-to-use thermometer helps you track temperature changes. A hygrometer does the same for humidity.

5. Safety Installments

Your grow room should also be equipped with primary safety equipment that helps reduce the risk of plant loss. If your light source is too hot and you leave it on for an extended period, you increase the risk of a grow room fire. Electrical faults from the light system can also trigger a grow room fire. Grow room fire can destroy your plants, making you lose out on your investment. You can install a fire alarm or a fire extinguisher. These safety equipment are better installed in an area of the grow room where they can be easily reached.


Bottom Line

While growing your cannabis indoor, your primary target is simulating the conditions in the natural habitat of the plant. You should pay proper attention to the temperature and humidity levels. Growing cannabis indoor comes with its challenges. However, setting up the right space can help you solve these problems.

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Despite Initial Setback, Florida Lawmakers Remain Intent on Psychedelics Reform




In April of this year, Florida’s first attempt at psychedelics reform failed, as a House subcommittee rejected HB 549. This bill, introduced by Rep. Michael Grieco (D-Miami Beach), would have legalized the use of psilocybin for mental treatment in the nation’s third most populous state.

Despite this setback, 2021 could yet be a pivotal year for psychedelics in Florida. In September, Grieco filed a new bill, HB 193, with companion SB 348 filed in the Senate by Minority Leader Lauren Book (D-Plantation). These bills call would require the Department of Health, together with the Board of Medicine, to study the therapeutic efficacy of MDMA, psilocybin, and ketamine in treating depression, anxiety, PTSD, bipolar disorder, chronic pain, and migraines.

Republicans hold ample majorities in both chambers of the Florida legislature, meaning passage of any legislation will require significant from within their ranks. Given the fate of the earlier psilocybin bill, it is fair to ask what is different this time around. The answer, in a nutshell, is that the new bill is more Texas, less Oregon.

HB 549 was “modeled after” Oregon’s Measure 109, which established a legal regime for psilocybin in the state. However, anyone with even a passing knowledge of Florida knows that taking a cue from Oregon is unlikely to be a successful rallying cry in the Sunshine State. As discussed above, Republicans control both houses in the Florida legislature, as well as the governorship and the state’s two U.S. Senate seats. By contrast, Oregon’s governor and two U.S. senators are Democrats, and their party controls both legislative chambers.

According to Grieco, the current bills “plagiarized” legislation passed last summer in Texas, which mandates a study into psychedelic treatment for veterans grappling with PTSD. The stated goal is that Florida’s Republican legislature “will follow the lead of the GOP-led legislature in the Lone Star state.”

Florida’s proposed study would be broader in scope than the Texan one, but Grieco “plans to focus on veteran access.” In a state with a robust military presence and at least 1.5 million veterans, this concern is likely to resonate. This in turn could help garner support for the proposed law from within Republicans in the legislature.

Obtaining Gov. Ron DeSantis’ signature might present a different challenge. While the governor is being coy about any presidential ambitions, he is clearly playing to a nationwide Republican audience, which might demand more conservatism than Florida’s electorate. In this context, DeSantis might decide that vetoing a “magic mushrooms” bill is a savvy political move, regardless of what is best for Floridians. This all said, the Texas law would give DeSantis some cover, if he wanted it. With some deft messaging, Navy man DeSantis could even use support for the bill as a way of highlighting his military credentials.

Between the legislative process and the actual study, there is a long road ahead for Florida when it comes to psychedelics legalization. However, the ripple effects of a favorable vote in Florida, itself a ripple from the Texas law, could manifest themselves much earlier, in the form of new bills and studies on psychedelics in conservative and centrist states.

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You Took a Tolerance Break from Cannabis But Still Can’t Get High, Now What?




marijuana tolerance break

The use of marijuana as many cannabis enthusiasts will say is an art, and the way to perfect art is through skill and technique. You might wonder how that comes to play with the use of cannabis but to get the best out of the herb, you must know when to go hard and when to drawback. This is what brought about the idea of a T-break to help the users get the best from the herb at all times. Read on as we look into what a T-break is, its importance, and why it seems to not be working for some cannabis enthusiasts.

Cannabis T-break

T-break is short for tolerance break which is a special time a cannabis user sets aside to deliberately cease from consuming cannabis or cannabis products. The aim of this cessation is to help such users to condition their body and prevent it from developing tolerance and insensitivity to the cannabinoid. THC is a strong and effective cannabinoid that gives a euphoric effect to its users. However, chronic use of cannabinoid and cannabis products helps users to develop increased tolerance. When this tolerance racks up, the natural drug ultimately becomes ineffective and unable to achieve its desired result.

Cannabis T-break is aimed at reducing tolerance which develops when the body grows resistant to chronic use of cannabis. When tolerance is developed, a larger amount of the cannabis product is needed to promote effects common to low doses. Usage of such high doses during tolerance can inadvertently promote adverse reactions in the body of the users.

Cannabis Tolerance

The science to explain cannabis tolerance is not fully elucidated yet and this is understandable because the concept of body adaptations towards general tolerance remains a complex phenomenon. Studies of chronic cannabis users have shown a correlation between chronic use and reduction in the number of available THC receptors in the brain. The dynamic and sensitive nature of the endocannabinoid system in the body also helps to promote the state of cannabis tolerance. When the ECS is overwhelmed by the amount of THC, it complements by being less sensitive to available THC molecules. This makes the cannabis user believe that an increased dose of THC will be the answer.

While many cannabis users might believe tolerance to cannabis is a completely bad experience, the reality is not so clear-cut. Some cannabis users especially those for medical purposes are saved from some unwanted side effects of THC when they develop tolerance. Some anecdotal reports from patients have attested to the capturing medicinal benefits of THC with limited impairment after prolonged use.

Why should I take a T-break?

There are myriad reasons you can come up with as to why a T-break is important for a cannabis user but they are all culminated into the protection from unwanted risks ascribed to high doses of THC. The endocannabinoid system of the body through its receptors after overstimulation leads to two special conditions called cannabis use disorder (CUD) and cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS). The occurrence of these two conditions is mitigated when a user properly takes a T-break.

Following proper use of the T-break, resumption of cannabis consumption will help the user have increased effectiveness of the natural product. This is particularly beneficial for medical marijuana users who use the herb for conditions like insomnia and anxiety. With increased effectiveness, the user gets a potent dose for less amount money which is ultimately a win-win situation for the user.

For chronic users, taking q T-break might not be as simple as it is put in this article. This is because such users are prone to withdrawal symptoms that readily challenge such persons after cessation from prolonged use. Highly dependent cannabis users can have symptoms such as restlessness, anxiety, and insomnia. Some medical marijuana patients also have issues with taking a T-break as it will require the use of other medications which might not have the needed therapeutic effect to the same degree.

Why is your T-break not working?

Some cannabis users after taking a T-break complain of its ineffectiveness as they still need a similar amount of the product to get their desired effect. Available evidence has shown that this is because many of such users go about taking the T-break the wrong way. The first point of discourse is the duration of the T-break. The amount of time accorded to allow the body to recover from the effect of overdependence on THC is very important and cannot be addressed lightly by anyone who wishes to take a T-break.

While it is true that the effects of cannabis easily wear off after one day, it is not the same for the interaction box THC with the cannabinoid receptors of the endocannabinoid system. Research has shown that it can take as long as four weeks before CB1 receptors regain normal activity after being acted upon by THC. This means that an adequate amount of time will be needed to take a T-break and minor halts of a few days cannot count and will lead to ineffectiveness.

Another factor that leads to failed T-breaks is the lifestyle of the user during the T-break. Many cannabis users spend the T-break counting the time and waiting on for the next hit instead of looking for ways to condition the body for what is to come. One simple option that can be taken during the T-break is CBD because of its lack of psychoactive effect and calming and wellness effect. Cannabis strains with an equal ratio of CBD and THC have less incidence of unwanted side effects and less pressure is placed on the ECS.


T-breaks are very useful for cannabis users especially those that are highly dependent. The success of the exercise however is heavily reliant on the amount of time given and how the user utilizes the break to condition the body. Once these two factors are properly modulated, you will easily see the numerous benefits of taking a cannabis tolerance break.








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Gauging Dankness – A General Guide to Testing and Dosing Marijuana Edibles




dank testing edibles


When it comes to consuming cannabis, it’s always a good idea to test your tolerance. However, if you are new to consuming cannabis – this might be a tad bit difficult to do. How do you know if you’re able to handle a full dose of an edible you bought at the store? How do you know how much cannabis to use in your butter before making your brownies?


If you’re struggling with these questions then you are in for a treat. Today we’ll be walking you through the fundamentals of dosing in this article entitled “Gauging Dankness”.


We’ll be covering both how to properly test an edible you buy from a dispensary as well as what you should consider when you are infusing cannabis into your own edibles. If you are a seasoned cannabis user, some of this information might still be valuable for you.


However, if you are completely new to the world of cannabis – this information might be what you need to avoid greening out. If you’re not familiar with greening out, it is essentially experiencing an “overdose” of cannabis. Unlike other drugs, overdosing on cannabis is relatively safe. However, the experience could be scary as well – especially if you’re consuming edibles.


This is because edibles process the THC differently than when you smoke it. Instead of Delta-9-THC – the byproduct of smoking cannabis – you get 11-hydroxy-THC. It is estimated that 11-Hydroxy-THC is 10 times more potent than delta-9.


This is why it’s important to always take it slow when you are consuming edibles because the moment you overdose – you’re in for a trip. Fortunately, the odds of you dying is slim to none. In most cases, finding a quiet place, drinking some coffee and going to sleep will get you through the Green Out.


However, we’re not here to talk about Greening Out, we’re here to talk about dosing – so let’s begin!


Testing your Dispensary Bought Edibles


The inspiration to this article came from a post I saw online which dived into the basics of dosing for first timers. In essence, the post explains that if it’s your first time – it’s best to buy a 1:1 ratio of THC to CBD. THC will get you high, but CBD counteracts this high.


Conversely, having a 2:1 ratio of THC to CBD would mean that the THC would be expressed more. Think of CBD as the break that would limit how far the THC can take you. Remove some of that, and the THC will take you further down the rabbit hole.


Next, let’s say you buy a packet marked with 50 mg of THC with 10 gummies in it. This means that each gummy is 5 mg. According to the post, here you’ll want to take one gummy and divide it further down into 4 pieces leaving you with 1.25 mg of THC per bit.


The post then suggests taking one portion of the gummy and to wait for 24 hours. Subsequently, you would increase the dose until you reach a pleasant high.


This is a very conservative way of doing it. The fact of the matter is that 1.25 mg of THC will hardly do anything to anyone. Your threshold is far higher.


You could do 1 bit of THC (1.25mg) and then wait roughly 1 hour. If after 1 hour you don’t feel anything, take another one and wait another hour.


If you still feel nothing after the second hour – then go ahead and consume 2.5 mg and wait again.


If you still feel nothing after this – DO NOT EAT ANYMORE! Now you wait and reset for the next day. The next day however, you’ll start your dose with 2.5 mg and wait.


You will then follow the same protocol as day one until you feel a nice buzz. Once you have found your threshold, you know how much THC is required to get you going and this data can be applied to future edibles.


This is all good for dispensary bought products, but how much weed do you use in butter when making your own edibles?


Gauging your own homemade edibles…


I could write about using X amount of weed per X amount of butter, but this would not be accurate. Especially considering that strains have different percentages of weed. You’re not going to need the same amount of cannabis that contain 25% THC as cannabis that contains 15% THC.


Fortunately, I don’t have to explain these things to you since there are online tools available that allows you to calculate these things automatically.


The Cannabutter Dosage Calculator, allows you to plug in your particular values and it will automatically work out how much you need.


Simply fill out the percentage of THC in your weed. The page has a sliding bar which you can set to your desired THC levels. Then, you’ll see a box where you’ll write out the cannabis used in grams. Finally, you’ll also be listing the number of servings you’ll be making with the blend.


Once you have filled this out, you’ll have a calculation on the dose per home made edible! As with the dispensary edible, you’ll want to test this out slowly and ramp your way up. If you already know your threshold dose – you can start there, but always be careful.


What do I do if I overdose?


It could be that you overdose on weed one day when experimenting…as mentioned, drinking some coffee, finding a quiet place and laying down is key to coming out with flying colors. The reason why most people go to the ER with a cannabis overdose is because they work themselves up. If you simply engage in slow breathing – relaxing, and knowing that whatever goes up must come down…you’ll be fine.


However, if you follow the suggestions above – you should be safe from overdosing.









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