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How Cannabis in the Workplace is Becoming Increasingly Complicated



Cannabis in the workplace is now becoming increasingly complicated. With legalization, more Canadians now use cannabis, but employers remain cautious.

Several years have passed since cannabis has been legalized, but policies around using weed in the workplace remain unclear. In Canada, employers must ensure the safety of employees in their work environment. And in turn, employees must follow safety regulations and report potential hazards. These policies extend to marijuana – employees must not use cannabis while working. The justification is that cannabis can lead to intoxication, which then leads to possible safety hazards.

Photo By: Cottonbro

All this seems straightforward so far but becomes much more muddled once we look at marijuana usage before work. An employee might come to work with CBD in their systems. Employers might then assess this employee as impaired and unfit for work, but this making this judgment isn’t always easy. For example, I worked at a restaurant as a line cook during my university days. A co-worker of mine came (presumably) high on his last day. Did his work performance end up dropping? Yes, but I cannot say for sure it was because of the weed. He might have simply been unmotivated or unhappy with the job, but our chef ended up kicking him out because he seemed high.

What About Medicinal Cannabis?

If the legal situation wasn’t complex enough already, it becomes even more complicated once we consider medicinal cannabis. According to Canadian law, employers have the duty to accommodate employees with medical needs. This legal requirement extends to workers using cannabis for health-related issues. So if an employee receives medical authorization to use cannabis, then employers must accommodate their medical needs. In turn, workers must disclose their medical cannabis use to their employer. If the worker fails to do so or is using cannabis recreationally during work, then employers will have grounds for termination.

Workplace Cannabis and Conflicting Attitudes

Before we can start clarifying rules, we might need to address attitude differences between workers and employers. Generally speaking, workplaces hold restrictive attitudes towards workers using cannabis. In 2021, about 86% of Canadian workplaces banned cannabis before and during work. By comparison, most Canadians do not believe that recreational cannabis negatively impacts work quality, productivity, or health or safety. To help bridge differences, employers could start an active and open conversation with employees regarding cannabis usage. This way, rules can better fit the expectations of both employees and employers.


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black market drugs

Psychedelics Black Market Gaining Momentum on The Web




We’re all familiar with the growing number of legalized locations when it comes to cannabis, and the fight between the legal market and the ever-present black market. We also know that black markets exist for tons of products. The next big thing coming toward the medical market, psychedelics, have always had their own black market, which is now gaining momentum with a growing presence on the web.

It’s no shock that the psychedelics black market has expanded out into the web. Tons of illegal operations can now be found online. This also goes for other unregulated industries like cannabis cannabinoids, an array of which can be bought easily from the web as well. From delta-8 THC (a half brother to delta-9) to THC-O-A to THCV, we’ve got great deals for tons of cannabis compounds, so go through them all, and pick the options perfect for you. Remember to subscribe to The Psychedelics Weekly Newsletter for more articles like this one. And save big on Delta 8Delta 9 THCDelta-10THCOTHCVTHCP & HHC products by checking out our “Best-of” lists!

Black Markets

Sometimes its easy to forget just how much of the world runs on black markets. Back markets, are, after all, illegal markets that are unregulated and untaxed. Pretty much anytime you encounter clothing with a brand name which doesn’t look quite up-to-snuff, or when there’s a guy selling watches out of the back of a car, or when you buy a no-name replacement part for your phone from that dicey storefront down the street, these are all likely black-market products. But the black market can include much more.

Right now, there are tons of cannabis compounds flooding the market, like delta-8 THC, THCV, THC-O-A, and even hemp-derived delta-9 THC. All of these products are released under the misguided notion that the 2018 US Farm Bill makes them legal, when in actuality, no such legality has been made. It almost seems odd that this can exist without anyone doing anything about it. But then again, I walked into illegal dispensaries right in the middle of the Las Vegas strip, not hiding one little bit in the shadows.

When it comes to cannabis, local black markets have consistently outdone legal markets, and this is likely due to higher prices in dispensaries. Why extremely high taxes are consistently waged on these markets is beyond me, as the pricing plays into general complaints of not being able to divert more from the black market, which stays consistent, and doesn’t overcharge consumers. California is a great example of how overly stringent regulation has led to a much smaller number of legal operations than illegal ones, and the overall need for a bailout due to lower-than-expected sales.

black markets

Black markets can consist of stolen products (fell off a truck), fake products that resemble known products (knockoffs), illegal products (heroin), and simply untaxed products (whatever you buy off the guy in the street). It used to be that these markets were more hidden, whereas now they often parade around in daylight, like the fake dispensaries sitting on the Vegas strip. In the US, the black economy accounts for approximately 11-12% yearly, and brings in somewhere between $2-2.5 trillion annually.

The rise of psychedelics

Technically, legal psychedelics have been around for awhile. Since 1958, DXM has been in cough syrups, ready to be bought over-the-counter by anyone of any age. Most people simply don’t consider this, even as stories of robotripping have repeatedly come out over the years. More recently, ketamine clinics have been picking up speed, along with the formal legalization of ketamine’s cousin esketamine, which seems to be the pharmaceutical answer to the gray-area ketamine industry. Ketamine clinics have been popping up all across the US, which operate by using ketamine legally, but for off-label uses like pain and depression management.

Two more psychedelics are on their way to legalization. The US’s FDA has already given ‘breakthrough therapy’ designations to MDMA and psilocybin from magic mushrooms. A breakthrough therapy designation is given when a company is in the process of doing trials into a compound, which show promise for providing a better answer than known remedies. The designation is specifically meant to quicken the research and development of medications, to get them to market.

The FDA even helped put together the 3rd phase of the MDMA trials with the organization MAPS, in an effort to ensure that results would meet regulation. Kind of would be weird for a US government agency to go that far for compounds in Schedule I of the Controlled Substances list, if there wasn’t an intended legalization coming soon.

And this isn’t the only place where the US government has shown an understanding that psychedelics are coming. On September 2nd of this year, the DEA posted a notice stating an intention to increase psilocybin production for medical research purposes. In fact, the DEA wants increased production of both psilocybin, as well as secondary psychedelic component psilocin. How much? The DEA wants the quota for psilocybin to increase to 1,500 grams from 50, a 2,900% escalation. For psilocin, the increase would be from 50 grams to 1,000.

The psychedelics black market on the web

The internet is a place where a lot of stuff happens, and a good part of it is not on the up-and-up. A lot of people probably forget how censored the place is, and sometimes this is good, especially when it relates to things like child pornography. In fact, the sheer lack of kiddie-porn (and the sheer amount we know is made) means that a lot of power can be wielded over the internet and what ends up on it.

Telegram network

Part of what has propelled the psychedelics black market, and drug black markets in general, has been the advent of the dark web, and apps like Telegram and Signal that fully encrypt information, and can’t be effected by censorship. These apps allow communication between buyers and sellers that can’t be traced, as well as the ability to broadcast information to groups of followers, without law enforcement knowing.

Yet even so, tons of black market retailers set up shop on the regular internet. Now, maybe that stuff gets through because the majority won’t find it nearly as offensive as something like kiddie-porn, which the masses seem okay with putting tax dollars into stopping. How much the masses want money pumped into a continued war on drugs, particularly drugs without a death count, is quite questionable at this point.

Judging from the unregulated (and often untaxed) industry of cannabis compounds including delta-8 THC, which hasn’t been targeted by the government much at all (in fact being practically ignored), it stands to reason that the US government isn’t going to be able to stop a burgeoning psychedelics black market on the web either.

How the psychedelics black market operates on the web

So does this mean that a prospective user can put a search into a browser and land on a site willing to sell and ship out drugs like LSD, magic mushrooms, ayahuasca, MDMA, and more? Apparently, yes. To make it that much more confusing in terms of how technically okay this is or is not, some of these companies employ payment methods like Paypal, Western Union, Zelle, and standard bank transfers for users to pay for these products.

None of the payment methods just listed will generally work with illegal operations. Yet they all can now be found hooked up to sites selling illegal psychedelics from the internet. How did that happen, and will it continue? Hard to say, but that’s the situation now, and a quick look around makes clear it’s not just one or two sites, but dozens. Some of these sites also offer international shipping, meaning its not just US regulation that’s being broken, but possibly the regulations of tons of other countries.

While the psychedelics black market has grown recently, on the web and off, this issue was already an issue over ten years ago. Back in 2009, stories were published about the vast availability of mild-altering drugs being sold online, though most at that time were solely plants, like kratom, salvia, and mushrooms. These headlines are now coming out again, but not as many as would be expected considering the number of online retailers that come up in a search to buy psychedelics online.

psychedelics black market web

While Britain has now mentioned the issue formally here, the US really hasn’t (seemingly ignoring it), with only stories like this published that show actual arrests. This is a good time to remember how much the internet is censored, and how little of that kiddie-porn gets through. The US might like the idea of hiding a problem it can’t fight, rather than having the masses know it exists.

Why it probably matters

I’m not the kind of person who thinks this has to matter. But I’m also the kind of person who knows it can. I have no issue with the use of drugs that aren’t deadly. Hell, I believe people should have the ability to choose what to do with their own lives, even if it does involve a deadly drug – though I don’t love the idea. But not deadly? And especially with the ability to hep with spiritual awakenings, and all kinds of medical and psychological recoveries? Let ‘em have it!!! I support the legalization and use of these compounds, and I don’t even particularly care if the industries are legal or not.

But I do care if they’re clean. And that’s the problem. In fact, it’s a problem with both legal industries and illegal ones. That there is currently no heavy metal testing for vape cartridges says a lot about the ability for legal industries to totally drop the ball with safety measures. An omission like that doesn’t sell the safety appeal of a regulated industry at all, at least not to someone like me.

This, however, does little to undermine how bad the fakes industries have gotten, selling synthetics in edibles and as distillate cartridges, and without any measures in place to ensure products are real, that there won’t be even worse chemical exposure, or that they’re not cut with the kind of ingredients that can cause groups of users to fall over dead. For this reason, I tend to think that a bottom level of regulation is needed to ensure people aren’t being poisoned by someone looking to make a quick buck.


The problem with a psychedelics black market on the web isn’t that psychedelic drugs are being sold. It’s that there’s no way to know if users are getting the right thing, or if what’s being sold is safe at all. But it exists, in a flagrantly in-your-face way, allowing legal payment methods on regular internet sites, for illegal products. And chances are, if the cannabinoid market is any indication, this falls squarely into the no-one-will-do-anything-about-it loophole.

There is certainly something to be said about knowing your drug dealer in life. Sometimes more intimate connections can mean a level of product safety, or ability to trust the seller. If this isn’t an option, however, and you want to buy DMT, ketamine, MDMA, LSD, or any other psychedelic online, just do your homework, and try to make sure you’re getting the right thing. Otherwise, it’s okay to be a bit wary. Not because psychedelics are bad, but because internet vendors often are.

Hello…! Thanks for stopping by, your one-stop-shop for the most thought-provoking and relevant cannabis and psychedelics-related news from everywhere in the world. Come visit us daily to stay aware of the ever-morphing world of legal drugs and industrial hemp, and check out the Psychedelics Weekly Newsletter, so you never miss a single thing.

DisclaimerHi, I’m a researcher and writer. I’m not a doctor, lawyer, or businessperson. All information in my articles is sourced and referenced, and all opinions stated are mine. I am not giving anyone advise, and though I am more than happy to discuss topics, should someone have a further question or concern, they should seek guidance from a relevant professional.

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american cannabis laws

Cannabis Laws in the USA: Which State Is the Most Progressive?




The USA is a complex place when it comes to cannabis legalization. It is both the most accepting and the least accepting, the most liberal and the least liberal, the most green and the least green. Due to the fact that each individual state in America has its own laws, cannabis legalization and prosecution are just miles apart from being radically different. And, to make it more confusing, there are 50 states. So that’s essentially 50 different laws on cannabis in one single country. However, some states in the US have shown themselves to be far more progressive than others. But, the question is, which state in America is the most progressive?

Cannabis laws in the USA can certainly be complicated, but we hope this article can help clear things up for you! For more stories like this one, and for exclusive deals on flowers, vapes, edibles, and other products, remember to subscribe to The THC Weekly Newsletter. Also save big on Delta 8Delta 9 THCDelta-10 THCTHCOTHCVTHCP & HHC products by checking out our “Best-of” lists!

United States of America

The USA is made up of 50 states, and within 13 of them cannabis is completely illegal, 37 of them only medicinal cannabis is legal, and in 18 of them cannabis is fully legal (including for recreational use). Medical cannabis legalization always comes before recreational legalization as it is evident that cannabis has medical benefits for many people with mental and physical problems. However, recreational cannabis is harder to legalize due to the fact that it revolves around using a drug for fun. Using cannabis for fun is a hard reason to legalize a substance, especially when research into cannabis is limited. However, the fact that 18 states in America have legalized recreational cannabis proves that the tides are shifting. When searching for the most progressive state in America for cannabis laws, it undoubtedly will come from one of the 18. 

Where Cannabis is Illegal in the USA

Here is a list of all of the states in America where both medical and recreational cannabis is yet to be legalized. They, obviously, do not win the award for most progressive. But they still need to be mentioned. 

  • Georgia
  • Idaho
  • Indiana 
  • Iowa
  • Kansas
  • Kentucky
  • Nebraska
  • North Carolina
  • South Carolina
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • Wisconsin 
  • Wyoming

Where is Only Medical Cannabis Legal in the USA?

These are the states that have taken a step closer to cannabis legalization by allowing medical cannabis to be lawful. Whilst they aren’t the most progressive, they’ve shown an intent to be seen as cannabis-accepting states. This deserves recognition. 

  • Alabama 
  • Arkansas
  • Delaware
  • Florida
  • Hawaii
  • Louisiana 
  • Maryland
  • Minnesota
  • Mississippi
  • Missouri
  • New Hampshire
  • North Dakota
  • Ohio
  • Oklahoma
  • Pennsylvania
  • Rhode Island
  • South Dakota
  • Utah
  • West Virginia

The States in America Where Recreational Cannabis is Legal

These states are the ones who have decided to go against the grain and legalize recreational cannabis, as well as, of course, medical too. These states are, by far, the most progressive in the USA. But which is the most progressive? Let’s find out. 

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Alaska legalized cannabis in 2014. It was the third state to fully legalize cannabis. Anyone over the age of 21 can possess cannabis and grow up to 6 plans. However, it is still illegal to consume the drug in public. 


In 2020, Arizona passed a bill that legalized recreational cannabis for those over the age of 21, decriminalized it and banned it in public. It has a similar system to Arizona, but it took 6 extra years for it to do the same. There are currently 123 active weed dispensaries in the state of Arizona. 


California legalized medical cannabis in 1996 and recreational cannabis in 2016. This state is probably the most popular cannabis-accepting state in America due to its beach lifestyle and chilled out attitude. Plus, there are around 4000 cannabis dispensaries in California, which leads to a big tourist culture. However, public cannabis consumption is still illegal. 

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Recreational cannabis was legalized in Colorado in 2012. The usual rules apply as with other states, and you cannot smoke cannabis in the streets. There are about 446 weed dispensaries in this state.


Connecticut legalized recreational cannabis in 2021. Now people are able to possess up to 1.5 grams of cannabis and 5 grams at home. Weed dispensaries are not yet open or flourishing, but they are expected to start in 2022. 


In 2019, Illinois legalized recreational cannabis. Anyone over 21 can possess 30 grams of cannabis. Due to the fact that marijuana for personal use was only recently made legal, there are currently only 110 dispensaries in Illinois. 


Maine legalized recreational cannabis in 2016. You can possess 2.5 ounces of cannabis, and grow 6 plants at a time. Despite becoming legalized in 2016, there are limited amounts of dispensaries in Maine. 


Massachusetts legalized recreational cannabis in 2016. They allow for one ounce of bud in total (including at home and on you). There are around 689 weed dispensaries in this state. 


Michigian legalized recreational cannabis in 2018. This state allows for 12 plants and up to 2.5 ounces in possession. Michigan has around 260 recreational weed dispensaries. 


Montanga legalized recreational cannabis in 2021, and all effects will come into fruition in 2022. We won’t know how legalizing cannabis will affect that state until next year. 

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Nevada legalized recreational cannabis in 2016. It is illegal to consume it in a car or in public. However, you can grow up to 6 plants, or even 12 plants per household. It is legal to have up to 1 ounce of cannabis for yourself. There are currently only 65 weed dispensaries in the state. 

New Jersey

New Jersey legalized recreational cannabis in 2020. Again, the amount of dispensaries are limited as cannabis legalization is still new in this state. The specific amounts and laws are unknown until we see how they work in practice in 2022.

New Mexico

New Mexico legalized cannabis in 2021. Another case of a US state with recent progressive laws towards cannabis acceptance. Bring on 2022! 

New York

New York legalized recreational cannabis in 2021. It is now legal to possess up to 3 ounces of cannabis. Some say you can smoke cannabis outside in public easier in New York than any other state. Or, at least, almost as easy as a Californian beach. The amount of weed dispensaries in New York will become clearer in 2022. 

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Oregon legalized recreational cannabis in 2015. You are allowed up to 1 ounce in public and 8 ounces at home. You can also grow up to 4 cannabis plants. There are more than 660 weed dispensaries in the state of Oregon. Oregon technically has the most weed dispensaries per 100,000 people in America.


Vermont legalized recreational cannabis in 2018. Whilst it is legal to possess up to 1 ounce and grow up to 6 plants of cannabis, it is still illegal to sell or buy it. This is going to change in 2022 when weed dispensaries open. 


Virginia legalized recreational cannabis in 2021. This new law will allow for anyone over the age of 21 to possess up to 1 ounce of cannabis and grow 4 plants. The introduction of weed dispensaries will follow in 2022. 


Last but by no means least, we have Washington. Washing legalized recreational cannabis in 2012; a long time ago in the grand scheme of things. Users can possess 1 ounce of cannabis, but are not allowed to grow recreational plants at home. There are only 103 cannabis stores in this state. 

Which Is The Most Progressive?

Out of 50 states in America only 18 have taken the bold step to legalize both recreational and medical cannabis. Because of this, they should all be championed for their open cannabis policies. Because of them, hopefully, the rest of the states should follow suit in due course. However, there should also be acknowledgement of those states that legalized recreational cannabis earlier and took the first steps. These states created a watershed moment for the future of cannabis legalization. California has acted as a national, as well as international, advertisement for how cannabis legalization can be positive. In addition, Oregon, since 2015, has run with its new found cannabis-acceptance and opened up the most weed dispensaries (per capita) in the US. Both states deserve recognition as the most progressive states in America,

But what do you think? Which state do you believe to be the most progressive, in regards to cannabis legalization, in the USA?

Hello all! Welcome to, your ultimate online destination for the most relevant and thought-provoking cannabis and psychedelics-related news globally. Read-thru the site regularly to stay on top of the constantly-moving world of legal drugs and industrial hemp, and sign up for The THC Weekly Newsletterso you never miss a thing.

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Arch Therapeutics

Dr. Avtar Singh Dhillon – Vancouver Doctor faces Billion Dollar Fraud Case




A former BC Physician is facing charges in the US for his alleged involvement in a billion-dollar stock fraud scheme. Dr. Avtar Singh Dhillon was arrested following a four-year-long investigation by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. He has been charged with securities fraud, conspiracy, and obstruction. On November 30, 2021, he will answer these charges in US courts. Here’s an overall look at the details of the case and the shady business dealings of Dr. Avtar Singh Dhillon.

Dr. Avtar Singh Dhillon – Who is this guy?

Dr. Avtar Singh Dhillon obtained his medical license at UBC and had a family practice in Surrey. In fact, you can still find his reviews on sites like BCdoctordirectory. In addition to being a respected physician, he served as past chairman of the Cannabis Canada Council and is a former member of the securities practice advisory committee to the B.C. Securities Commission. This guy was a big deal and had solid credentials backing him up.

dr. avtar singh dhillon

Image courtesy of Megan Devlin/Richmond News

Despite his success and established career, he left his practice for the corporate world and focused on companies in the health science field. Considering his background, this was a natural fit. As a stock promoter, Dr. Avtar Singh Dhillon became a big player in the corporate world of weed and medicine. Over the past 25 years, he has claimed to have raised over a billion dollars from investors, has directed a number of publicly traded companies, and is currently still a director for two. 

The Arrest

On August 3, 2021, Dr. Avtar Singh Dhillon was arrested while at his home in Long Beach, California (A yacht dotted waterfront estate valued at over $12 million USD). After posting a $1.5 million USD bail bond, he was released with conditions. In addition to agreeing not to travel, he had to surrender his passport and wear a GPS monitoring ankle bracelet. 

The Other Alleged Key Players 

The charges surrounding Dr. Avtar Singh Dhillon can be summed up as insider trading. As one could imagine, this type of crime usually involves more than one person and this case is no exception. His alleged co-conspirators include:

  • Fred Sharp of West Vancouver
  • Paul Sexton of Anmore 
  • Jackson Friesen of Delta
  • Graham Taylor of Vancouver
  • Zhiying Yvonne (Chen) Gasarch of Richmond
  • Mike Veldhuis of Vancouver
  • Courtney Kelln of Surrey. 

Those listed above are officially facing charges, but several more people are under investigation. To date, The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission has frozen multiple bank accounts in both the USA and Canada. Many accounts have all been under intense scrutiny, especially those belonging to people close to the accused. 

US Court

Why is the heat on Dr. Avtar Singh Dhillon?

Dr. Avtar Singh Dhillon is being accused of knowingly participating in a pump and dump scheme involving three separate companies. The evidence against him does not look good. In fact, he is the first to be criminally charged in relation to the case. Most of the people involved are facing civil charges, not criminal. The allegations against him include:

  • Using a lawyer to conceal ownership of shares for Arch Therapeutics and OncoSec Medical Inc. He was chairman of the board for both companies between March 2011 and April 2020.
  • Hiding large penny stock holdings in portions of less than 5%. This was done to evade disclosure requirements and compliance protocols.
  • Falsely representing millions of beneficially owned shares by putting them in two shell companies. 
  • Using misinformation to seek out favorable legal advice. This advice was then used to convince brokers to deposit shares without trading restrictions. 

Emerald Health Therapeutics

The four-year investigation into Dr. Avtar Singh Dhillon was focused on his involvement with American companies. Now, many are wondering about the Canadian companies he is connected to. Emerald Health Therapeutics is a Vancouver-based cannabis company; Dr. Avtar Singh Dhillon is one of the founders. Two days after his arrest, he resigned from all roles within the company. 

vancouver doctor

Regarding the charges and resignation, Emerald Health Therapeutics released this statement, “The Company is not aware of any improper trading in Emerald securities and no allegations have been made against any other person associated with Emerald, including any of its officers or other directors. The Company and its legal counsel are currently considering whether there are any additional steps they can take in the best interests of the Company and its shareholders.”

Dr. Avtar Singh Dhillon faces up to 25 years in prison for each stock offense charge and up to 20 years in prison for obstructing a proceeding.


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