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New York’s gray market crackdown begins in Brooklyn with two arrests



A shop called Big Chief is accused of selling illegal cannabis and tobacco products. With the state’s first dispensary licenses going out next week, this is only the beginning.

A raid in Bay Ridge, Brooklyn yesterday could signal the beginning of the end of New York’s gray market era, and a transition towards a fully licensed and regulated retail cannabis market.

The joint operation between the NYC Sheriff’s office, the Department of Consumer and Worker Protection, the Office of Cannabis Management (OCM), and NYPD resulted in the arrest of two individuals accused of operating an illegal cannabis and tobacco shop called Big Chief, out of a storefront on 4th Avenue and 74th Street in Bay Ridge.

“We’re doing joint operations for various violations to the law. Obviously this is one location (where) we received many complaints from the neighborhood about the illegal sale of marijuana and a host of other illegal products. Vapor products that are also illegal; E-cigarettes that are against the law as well. So we went and did an inspection. Then we seized all the property and we made two arrests out of this location today.”

New York City Sheriff Anthony Miranda

Last month, FOX 5 NY visited the Big Chief shop. Their report featured Big Chief’s owners telling cameras, “we are not hiding anything.”

At the time, Tank Denory told FOX 5 reporters he was the shop’s owner. Denory added that Big Chief submitted a dispensary license application to the state and was waiting to hear back about its status. It is not clear if the owners who spoke to FOX 5 last month are the same individuals arrested Wednesday.

An NYPD officer leads a cuffed man out of Big Chief smoke shop in Brooklyn and into police custody. Authorities have not released the names of the two individuals arrested in Thursday's raid. (LNN NYC)
An NYPD officer leads a cuffed man out of Big Chief smoke shop in Brooklyn and into police custody. Authorities have not released the names of the two individuals arrested in Thursday’s raid. (LLN NYC)

A video of the raid captured by LLN NYC, shows authorities in NYPD, Sheriff’s office, and OCM gear seizing boxes and plastic bags from the shop, including highly-coveted products by out-of-state brands like Jungle Boys and Alien Labs.

Last night, Brooklyn City Council member Justin Brannan told FOX 5 NY the raid was justified. “If I sell untaxed cigarettes—that’s illegal. If I sell liquor or I serve liquor or wine without a liquor license—that’s illegal. Right now (if) you’re selling recreational marijuana in a retail setting, that’s illegal,” Brannan said.

A wake up call for the gray market

Big Chief, in Bay Ridge, Brooklyn sold cannabis products openly after applying for a New York dispensary license. The shop is the first of many that the state promises to shut down as it prepares to award its first dispensary licenses and roll out a regulated retail market that resembles the state's wine and liquor store models. (LNN NYC)
Big Chief smoke shop in Bay Ridge, Brooklyn sold cannabis products openly after applying for a New York dispensary license earlier this year. With Wednesday’s raid, the shop became the first of many that the state promises to shut down as it prepares to award its first dispensary licenses and roll out a regulated retail market that resembles New York’s wine and liquor store models. (LLN NYC)

The raid is a wake-up call for many sellers and buyers across the state. Expect stronger and more widespread crackdowns once the first dispensary licenses go out next week. The participation of the Office of Cannabis Management, and the multi-agency coordination, indicates that the Brooklyn action wasn’t merely a one-off raid ordered by a local precinct captain.

OCM Chief Equity Officer Damian Fagon told FOX 5 NY last night that gray market sellers had fair warning that their actions will exclude them from future license opportunities. “Unfortunately, it’s very shortsighted,” Fagon said of gray market operations like Big Chief. 

“This industry is going towards legality. Towards regulation. It will be a multi-billion dollar industry that they will not be a part of because of mistakes that they’re making right now.”

Damian Fagon, New York Office of Cannabis Management

What happened to wrist slaps?

In June, Mayor Adams told the Javits Center crowd that he doesn’t want to approach the state’s budding cash crop—New York expects to collect $1.25 billion from legal weed in the next six years—with heavy hands. He said he intends to give warnings and wrist-slaps to those bending the rules. Instead of fines and arrests, he said he wants to help all non-licensed dealers take steps towards starting legitimate cannabis businesses.

“‘Listen, you can’t do this,’ give them a warning,” Adams, a former NYPD cop, said of his plans for dealing with unlicensed dealers.

Why does New York have a gray market?

In March 2021, New York legalized cannabis possession and use, but not sales. In the year and change since, state officials have mostly looked the other way as a “gray market” of pot shops, trucks, and private clubs bloomed to fill the state’s massive appetite for Mary Jane.

“I believe that the location is known for selling the illegal cannabis that they’re selling currently. They sold a host of other illegal products as well. This is a danger to the community, right? When you start selling these products and have these areas that are attractive to both children and normal residents when they’re walking around, nobody really wants that in their neighborhood.”

New York City Sheriff Anthony Miranda

The Office of Cannabis Management has not responded to Leafly’s request for comment. This story will be updated as new details emerge.

Why is New York cracking down on gray market weed providers?

New York officials say they also confiscated illegal tobacco products including e-cigarettes and vapes from Big Chief. (LLN NYC)
In addition to unregulated cannabis products, New York officials say they also confiscated illegal tobacco products including e-cigarettes and vapes from Big Chief. (LLN NYC)

In order to decriminalize cannabis, you have to tax and regulate it like any other product.

The state’s first adult-use dispensaries will be announced Monday (November 21), at the public Office of Cannabis Management (OCM) board meeting. License applicants and potential investors have pressured the OCM to address the gray market more directly. CAURD applicants have told Leafly the lack of regulation scares away serious investors and makes financial projections difficult to forecast.

The OCM board’s next meeting will also bring final regulations for the new market. The final regulations will include a strict two-tier model that forbids anyone with ownership in the global cannabis supply chain from investing in New York’s retail locations, which will be fashioned to operate like wine and liquor stores in New York. As a result, shops won’t be able to sell shelf space to the highest bidder.

The OCM believes this two-tier model will curate the best products for consumers, and a healthy, competitive market that is free of undue influence.

Here’s what NYC Sheriff’s office said about cannabis raid

Anthony Miranda, New York City Sheriff led raid of Brooklyn cannabis shop Big Chief. (LLN NYC)
Anthony Miranda, New York City Sheriff, led the raid of Brooklyn cannabis shop Big Chief. (LLN NYC)

“They have to be compliant with the law and currently it is illegal to sell any marijuana. It is not legal in the state of New York or New York City at this time. So nobody should be doing that… This is an illegal activity that’s going on in many communities right now. We are following the mandate of both the mayor and the deputy mayor of public safety that says we need to collaboratively work with all the other city agencies to address the issue collectively. It’s a public safety issue, and it’s a health issue as well. That these products that are being sold are not authorized, they’re not inspected, they don’t know what the quality is of the product that’s being sold, or if it’s being mixed with anything else that endangers our communities.”

Anthony Miranda. NYC Sheriff

What will happen to the individuals who were arrested?

The NYC Sheriff said, “The investigations into the two individuals that were apprehended inside are going to be ongoing. So we’re gonna be doing background investigations on both of them. We’re also gonna be looking at the financial records of this institution and ensuring, to what level, they were following the rules of the law.”

A Staten Island raid earlier this month foreshadowed this one. Although the shop in Staten Island was only selling illegal tobacco products, not cannabis, the raid was also a collaboration between multiple state and city agencies that claim to be addressing quality of life complaints from residents.

In a statement to FOX 5 last month, the state’s Office of Cannabis Management said Big Chief and other gray market businesses are breaking the law and that the office has begun investigating “unlicensed shops in their municipalities.”

“Simply put: you need a license to sell cannabis in New York. If you do not have one, you are not selling cannabis legally,” the office said in the statement. “The Office of Cannabis Management added that it implores all illegal store operators, including stores pretending to be legal operations, to stop selling cannabis products immediately or risk facing additional consequences.”

A YouTube viewer named Spiro Panagiotakis commented on LLN NYC‘s breaking coverage of the story, quipping: “The 90s called: They want their pot raid back.” A new era in New York cannabis is officially underway. Do your best to stay out of the gray.

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A&E Classics

Brooklyn Family Firm Makes World’s First HempWood Headphones




CANNABIS CULTURE – And they aren’t the only ones unlocking the miracles and mysteries of industrial hemp.

“It’s the music that makes me happy. The songs. The source,” said John Grado, creator of the world’s first hemp wood headphones. “I like to work. I like what I do.”

John, the owner of Brooklyn-based Grado Labs was a child of the 60’s, and says he was intrigued by the story of hemp, and genuinely curious about how it would sound. “We’d feel bad if we never tried it but then we did, and my God it turned out really good.”

Wood has always played a part in the creation of instrumental sound, ranging from Steinway Pianos to Martin Guitars. The first pair of Grado wooden headphones were made from mahogany, but since then they have used anything from whiskey barrels to fallen trees in Brooklyn.  

About two years ago, John and his sons thought about giving hemp wood a try and were pleasantly surprised by the outcome. They sourced it from Kentucky-based HempWood, the world’s first producer of hemp wood.

“We kind of look at each headphone as a recipe,” says John. Like all expert chefs, John knows experimentation is crucial to growth. Even the glue they use to bond together the headphones has been experimented with to create the best sound.

For three generations Grado Labs has been hand-building headphones and phono cartridges. The company was started in 1953, by John’s uncle, Joseph, after hand-built cartridge production exceeded the available space on his kitchen table. 

At the age of 12, John became Joseph’s apprentice and was trained in electrical engineering and the world of sound, “I don’t know if I have golden ears, but my uncle taught me how to listen.”

Inside Grado Labs – Photo courtesy Grado

Joseph retired in the early 90’s, and that was when John took over the business and began building headphones. At that time, most headphones were made from plastic and metal. In 1994, John woke up in the middle of the night and thought he should try experimenting with wood.

John explains that everything has a resonant frequency, the natural vibration of an object. Sound is the harmony of all these natural vibrations interacting. “I call ourselves experts at controlling, and damping, and getting different resonant frequencies to work together instead of working against each other.”

The Grado family are always looking for ways to improve the “Grado Sound,” and will take time to make even the smallest tweaks for quality. A height rod is used to adjust how the headphones fit on a person’s head, and a few years ago, John and his sons shortened it by just a quarter of an inch, because they thought it made a difference in the sound. “It wasn’t night and day, but we thought it was significant enough to shorten it for the overall recipe.”

To test his products, John listens to three 15-second cuts, by Aretha Franklin, Duke Ellington, and Eric Clapton. “I like this inner detail where you listen, and you can almost walk around the musicians. It’s really something, but you know, you have to listen.”

“They sound fantastic,” says HempWood owner Greg Wilson, when referring to Grado’s hemp headphones. “There’s something about the acoustics of hemp wood.” 

John says it has to do with the density of hemp wood that provides stability to the headphones. 

Wilson says that the high density makes hemp wood versatile for other artisanal crafts like game calls for hunting duck, elk, or turkey. 

Wilson experimented with hemp wood a little in some of the nanotech labs he used to work in, “It was kind of just the natural new building material that fit into the algorithm we used for bamboo, and for eucalyptus, and for recycled woods.”

Artisanal hemp wood is a new industry and has only been on the market for as long as Wilson’s company started three years ago, “It was something that the big corporations weren’t allowed to do because it was only legal at the state level and not a federal level. And so, it gave us time to get in there, and get some intellectual property.”

Wilson believes that hemp wood will be a billion dollar a year industry, “We did it with bamboo, we did it with recycled wood, and now we’ll do it with hemp.” Wilson plans to have establishments over the next ten years in Oregon, Pennsylvania, Saskatchewan, Montana, Italy, Poland, and Tasmania.

“I think the world of hemp building materials is kind of just getting started,” says Tommy Gibbons, founder of Hempitecture. “I mean this country has relied on timber materials, but now there are serious concerns about the cost of these materials and the deforestation associated with them, whereas with hemp you can take the same plot of land and each year grow your building materials.”

Gibbons has brought hemp into the building insulation market with HempWool, a 92% hemp fiber product. HempWool is installed almost identically to other insulation like fiberglass or mineral wool, “It’s just a more sustainable and healthier option.”

Gibbons says there weren’t too many sustainable insulation packages on the market besides sheep’s wool and HempWool. Besides health concerns associated with spray foams, a lot of people are interested in having as low of a carbon footprint as possible. 

“I think the world of hemp building materials is kind of just getting started,” says Tommy Gibbons

Facilities in the United States are just getting under way and there are a lot of conflicting opinions on what type of hemp needs to be grown for industrial purposes. “My knowledge was that it needed to be the long-fiber variety, densely grown row-style crops that are shooting towards the sun because they have long stalks, barely any flowering and lots of fiber that can be harvested per acre.”

Gibbons says he isn’t interested in getting into farming hemp or processing and would rather focus on the building materials component. “I think it’s gonna kind of be on the farmers and the processors to get connected to make sure that they’re using every part of the crop that they can to maximize the revenue streams from their harvest.”

Brandon Curtin, Cultivation Manager at New York-based Hudson Hemp says there is still some work to be done to cross this threshold. “My hope is that, genetically speaking, things move along here, and we can have highly productive CBD plants that are also for fiber.”

Hudson Hemp focuses on creating sun-grown boutique hemp used to make their CBD distillate. “We’re just trying to be strategic for the long run due to the market’s decrease in value and total kind of flattening out in the last year and a half,” says Curtin. According to Curtin, the price of CBD went from $40/pound at %10 CBD to $1/pound at %10 CBD.  

Curtin says they compost their hemp stalks after the flowers are harvested but are intrigued by processes that use leftover biomass from CBD hemp to be used as a fiber. “I like the idea of partnering with people because we can’t do it all.” 

John says he is not going to push people to spend their money. “People call and they say ‘well should I get this headphone or should I move up to this headphone,’ and the first question I ask is, ‘are you happy?’ ‘Oh yeah, I’m happy.’ I say ‘be happy!’”

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