In the modern world, pharmaceutical drugs are the go-to for most people. However, the current trends are turning away and more are looking to get back to their roots…literally. If a zombie epidemic happened today and shut down the world as we know It, how do you think you would fare? Do you know which herbs would help you if you had a medical need? Plants have power and you never know when that knowledge is going to come in handy. Test yourself with this therapeutic herbs crossword puzzle. The answers and more details are listed down below.
Therapeutic Herb Crossword Puzzle
Herbs to help a physical injury
If you sustain a physical injury, herbal medicine can speed up your healing time. If you find yourself in this situation, comfrey, arnica, and ginger are three herbs you want close at hand.
Back in the day, comfrey was often referred to as bone-knit because it can help heal bone fractures.
Arnica can help reduce the time it takes for a bruise to heal.
Willow tree bark contains the compound salicin and it works in a similar way to Aspirin. It has been used as a blood thinner since the time of ancient Rome.
Ginger is known for helping stomach issues but it also has many other therapeutic properties; it’s an excellent treatment for inflammation and can be used topically for sore muscles.
Plant medicine is a lot more effective than it seems. In fact, some herbs are so powerful that they can dramatically interact with pharmaceuticals. Others can be addicting.
When ingested orally, St. John’s Wort acts as an SSRI and can be used to treat depression.
Valerian root is so relaxing to the system, it’s often used to induce sleep. However, it should not be taken for more than six weeks at a time because it can be addicting. For most people, valerian root will not cause dependency but some report withdrawal symptoms.
By the way… The answer to the first question is echinacea and it’s a powerful immune system booster!
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Amending the Cannabis Act? The Canadian government says they will review and amend it as soon as possible. But the deadline to begin the review is eight months passed. Scheduled for October 2021, Health Canada won’t comment on when the review will occur, only that any amending will come from a “credible, evidence-driven process.”
Health Canada also said the review could take up to 18 months. The latest federal budget promised a cannabis industry roundtable, but no details have been released. However, some remain skeptical that meetings between government bureaucrats and industry insiders will do anything except help out the larger producers at the expense of the smaller craft companies.
Forward Regulatory Plan
But will a review and amendment of the Cannabis Act work out in everyone’s favour? So far, the federal government plans to update the Cannabis Act through some regulatory changes that Health Canada will be taking the lead on.
These regulatory changes include:
Cutting back on regulatory paperwork “to simplify and reduce requirements related to record keeping, reporting and notifications, and to provide more flexibility in meeting certain requirements related to matters such as antimicrobial treatment.”
Amending the regulations to “facilitate cannabis research for non-therapeutic purposes.”
Increasing the possession limit for cannabis beverages (no indication of raising the THC limit or abandoning it altogether).
Allowing the sale of certain health products containing cannabis without a prescription
Amending Cannabis Act regulations to “restrict the production, sale, promotion, packaging, or labelling of inhaled cannabis extracts with certain flavors, other than the flavor of cannabis.”
Health Canada says these changes are unlikely to be ready until the end of the year.
Buying cannabis health products without a prescription is a step in the right direction. But the typical attitude of Health Canada bureaucrats is that public health and safety trump your personal autonomy. So the agency will now be targeting cannabis producers promoting terpene profiles that they’ve decided are not “flavors of cannabis.”
Why Bother Amending the Cannabis Act?
Why bother amending the Cannabis Act when the government should scrap it altogether? The entire Liberal Legalization scheme has insulted the Western legal tradition of free markets and the rule of law.
All they needed to do was remove cannabis from the Criminal Code. We already have laws on the books that facilitate peaceful associations. Tort and criminal law provide security, while contract, property, and commercial law facilitate cooperation and exchange. Politics doesn’t need to enter the picture. Politicians certainly don’t need to draft new legislation and create roles for their already inflated taxpayer-funded bureaucracy.
The three major hurdles for small craft producers are:
Barriers to entry because of the high costs of bureaucracy
Arbitrary rules on some products, such as THC limits on edibles and capsules
How the LPs can tap equity markets and starve out their competition who are malnourished because,
Excise taxes ensure Canada won’t ever have a middle-class of cannabis producers.
Will an industry roundtable consisting of large producers and government bureaucrats solve these issues? Or will they only address the excise tax since even the larger producers send half their revenue to Ottawa?
Time will tell, but LPs and bureaucrats seem to think the roundtable will be a cure-all.
I have my doubts. If you want some insight into what this “cannabis industry table” is going to be about, look at who supports it. If you want some insight into what amending the Cannabis Act will look like, take a gander at everything else this government has (or hasn’t) done.
A true, small L, classical liberal cannabis market won’t occur until Justin’s Liberals are out of power.
For centuries, what we call cannabis today was known as hemp in the English-speaking world. The hemp of olden days was used by our ancestors as a source of food (its seeds), and the fibers of its stalks were used for creating materials, mainly rope and clothing. More familiarly, hemp flower was also smoked and consumed as a medicine and in spiritual ceremonies, but it was much less potent than today’s weed, with THC levels we modern humans would laugh at.
Ancient texts largely refer to this incredibly useful plant as hemp, and the distinction between hemp and cannabis didn’t come about until the 20th century. Today, we divide this one plant into two categories according to its use: When it’s consumed for medicinal, spiritual, or recreational purposes it’s known as cannabis; when it’s used for food (seeds, oil, milk, etc.) or materials (clothing, rope, etc.), it’s called hemp.
But they are the same plant.
Hemp has evolved into a legal term, defined in the US simply as cannabis plants with less than 0.3% THC. This negligible amount of THC means you can’t get high from smoking it, but people can grow it for food and materials.
In the United States, the federal prohibition against growing hemp ended when Congress passed the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018 (also known as the 2018 Farm Bill). However, in the past few years the line between hemp and cannabis has blurred. Hemp plants are now used as source material to extract CBD and novel cannabinoids such as delta-8 and THC-O.
Consuming these products can get you high like good ol’ weed (albeit, less high, in many cases), but as the products are extracted from plants with less than 0.3% THC—that is, hemp—the products can avoid the federal prohibition against cannabis. They are considered legal at the federal level.
What’s the difference between hemp and cannabis?
Hemp and cannabis are the same plant. The difference lies in what they’re composed of, how they look, and how they’re used.
Hemp and cannabis are the same plant, but today when we speak of hemp, we’re referring to a cannabis plant containing less than 0.3% THC by weight. This is purely a legal term. The 0.3% limit is somewhat arbitrary—if the US government were to raise the hemp THC limit to 1%, overnight, plants containing 0.4 – 1% THC would suddenly go from being called cannabis to hemp, and would be considered federally legal.
The negligible amount of THC in hemp means you can’t get high from it. Hemp was legalized to allow it to be grown for its seeds, which can be used as food, and for its fiber, which can be used for making materials. Because of these uses, it may also be referred to as industrial hemp.
The 2018 farm bill legalized hemp in the US, setting its THC limit at 0.3%.
What does hemp look like?
Hemp often looks like a much skinnier, splindly form of weed. It’s usually thin, tall, and lanky, and has thin, skinny leaves that are usually green and sometimes yellowish. If you know your weed plants, hemp is the opposite of short, squat indicas with fat leaves and purple hues.
Does hemp grow buds?
Yes, female hemp plants grow buds, just like cannabis, as they are the same plant. Hemp buds are primarily used to extract CBD, which can then be refined into delta-8 THC, THC-O, and other novel cannabinoids. The seeds of female hemp plants can be harvested and consumed as food. The stalks of both male and female plants can be harvested for their fiber and used in a variety of materials.
Hemp Is Finally Legal. Let’s See if It Can Save the World
What is hemp used for?
Hemp—or cannabis, as our ancestors didn’t distinguish between the two—is one of the oldest plants cultivated by humans, thought to have been grown as far back as 5,000-6,000 years ago.
This one plant was, and still is, highly beneficial because:
Its seeds can be consumed as food
Its fiber can be used for materials
Its flower can be consumed for medical or intoxicating purposes
And we still use it for these purposes today.
Extracting CBD and novel cannabinoids
Since hemp became legal in the US after the 2018 farm bill, there has been an explosion of products containing CBD and novel cannabinoids such as delta-8, delta-10, THC-O, HHC, and many more. A huge amount of the nation’s hemp harvest has gone into creating these products in the past few years, as they can allow people living in states where weed is prohibited to get high with less legal risk.
These compounds can get you high—not high like regular delta-9 THC, but to some degree. For example, delta-8 and delta-10 offer similar effects as delta-9 THC, but are much less potent, while THC-O is thought to be three times as strong as delta-9 THC.
Hemp and cannabis contain all of the above compounds in addition to THC (plus hundred more), albeit in small amounts.
Producers will often extract CBD as a crude oil from hemp plants, and either refine it for a marketable CBD oil, or chemically convert it into another compound, such as delta-8 or THC-O.
It’s important to note that these hemp-derived novel cannabinoids exploit a federal loophole, but they are not subject to state-mandated testing or regulation. We recommend consumers who buy these products look for trusted brands whose manufacturers test their products and have results available for consumer scrutiny.
The complete guide to CBD (cannabidiol)
Hemp fibers for materials
When used for non-consumable materials and products, the plant is often referred to as industrial hemp. Here are some materials that hemp can be turned into:
Clothing and other textiles
Building materials (like hempcrete, and insulation)
Mulch and compost
Livestock feed and bedding
The fiber of the hemp plant’s stalk is used to make these materials. When it’s grown for industrial purposes, hemp is cultivated using methods to maximize the plant’s stalk material. Stalks contain an outer layer of long string-like bast fibers (considered more versatile and valuable) and an inner layer of chip-like hurd, which is considered less valuable.
Fun fact: During WWII, Japan invaded the East Indies, slowing the trade of hemp fiber. As a consequence, the US government lifted the ban on hemp and encouraged American farmers to grow it for use in making rope, parachutes, and other materials vital to the war effort. The US government even produced a short propaganda film in 1942 called “Hemp for Victory,” encouraging farmers to grow hemp.
You can eat hemp too. Hemp seeds are a great source of protein, something our ancestors knew, and another reason why the plant was so valuable to early humans. People often sprinkle hemp seeds on top of food, like salads or granola, or add them to muffins and other baked goods.
Hemp seeds can also be blended with water to make hemp milk, and used as a substitute for dairy milk or other plant-based milks.
Hemp oil can be extracted from seeds and used as a cooking oil, like olive oil, avocado oil, or vegetable oil.
Can you get high from hemp?
Smoking hemp flower itself won’t get you high because, by legal definition, it contains only 0.3% THC, which is not enough for you to feel effects like you would when smoking cannabis. Only when a naturally occuring hemp compound like CBD is extracted, or chemically converted to another compound—such as delta-8 THC or THC-O—and consumed, will you feel high.
The hemp of our ancestors was dramatically less potent than the cannabis of today, but it was likely higher in potency than 0.3% THC. So yes, our ancestors could get high from hemp back then, and they did use it for spiritual and medicinal purposes.
Is hemp legal?
Hemp was made legal in the United States with the passage of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, aka, the farm bill, in December of that year. The farm bill removed hemp from the Controlled Substances Act of 1970, separating it from marijuana, and defining hemp as a cannabis plant containing less than 0.3% THC by dry weight. Hemp was separated from cannabis so it could be grown and used for industrial purposes, or materials and food.
To grow hemp, one needs a license from a state, tribal program, or the USDA. Hemp is legal to grow in 46 states except for Idaho, Mississippi, South Dakota, and New Hampshire.
Transporting hemp across state lines is legal in theory, but there have been many cases in the past few years of police arresting people for shipping hemp, thinking it was cannabis. In some instances, companies have lost huge shipments without compensation.
Are hemp-derived cannabinoids legal?
Despite the federal government legalizing hemp, some individual states have caught on to the fact that companies are using hemp to create products with intoxicating cannabinoids, and have outlawed these compounds on their own, such as delta-8 THC.
Confusingly, this can be true even in states that have legal cannabis. Oregon, for example, will outlaw all “artificially derived cannabinoids”—a catch-all term for all hemp-derived cannabinoids except CBD—on July 1, 2022. Be sure to check your state’s laws to see if a specific product is legal there.
The definition of hemp may change in the future
The limit of 0.3% THC in a hemp plant is a legally and scientifically arbitrary number. This specific limit is thought to have been first proposed in the 1976 study A Practical and Natural Taxonomy for Cannabis, setting a precedent.
However, in many places, the definition of hemp is based on a different number. In Switzerland, the Czech Republic, and some (but not all) Australian states, hemp plants are defined as cannabis containing less than 1% THC. In Italy, it’s 0.6%.
All of these examples show that hemp is purely a legal definition, and it can change based on what country you’re in, and if your government feels inclined to do so.
Many bills have been written in the US to raise the hemp limit to 1% THC, most recently in Feb. 2022. The specific level of THC in a plant can be difficult to control when growing, so the main drive for these bills is to give hemp farmers more flexibility, as they wouldn’t have to destroy their crops if they come in “hot”—that is, above 0.3% THC.
A level of 1% THC is still a negligible amount and not enough to get you high, and the increase would give hemp farmers more leeway in producing their crops.
Pat Goggins is a senior editor who handles Leafly’s informational content and specializes in cannabis cultivation after working for a commercial grower in Oregon. When not fixing typos, you’ll probably find him on a boat or in the mountains.
Cannabis has brought thousands of people together. It has helped them find their voice and experience the love and genuine pride of individuality that was once missing. At least that’s how a multitude of LGBTQ+ consumers look at cannabis.
This is why, when queer-led cannabis industry leaders come together to set up a consortium of sorts to give their queer companions a stage, it becomes worthy of coverage.
The team of Online Medical Card couldn’t think of a better way to end Pride month than by giving center stage to those who made history with the first-ever queer-led cannabis consortium.
Queer Cannabis Club – The Inception
The Queer Cannabis Club is the product of multiple queer cannabis leaders coming together to take a stand for their community. The club was first founded by the owner of Farnsworth Fine Cannabis, Alexander Farnsworth during the pride month of June 2021. However, what came next was a shutdown of their Instagram page because of community guidelines. This, in the midst of the grand opening and pride festivities, led to the realization that they needed a platform that they owned and controlled.
Farnsworth had the chance to meet with Jake Bullock, co-founder of CANN during MJUnpacked in October, and pitched the idea of working together – initiating the first partnership. With similar personal childhood fears, conservative upbringing, and coming out stories, the two set out to work together on a common goal.
The club was later joined by Jim Freeland – the Chief of Retail Development in 1906, and Michael Kusek – founder of Different Leaf. The collaboration marks an important event in history by incepting the first-ever queer-owned and operated cannabis consortium.
While the non-profit Queer Cannabis Club was soft-launched in the summer of 2021, its public debut was at the Aspen Gay Ski Week in January of 2022. For two days, the Queer Cannabis Club was located in a room of the W Aspen hotel, providing gift bags and giving the visitors a chance to talk to the founders and try their cannabis goodies. These included an issue of Different Leaf magazine, a sample of Farnsworth Fine Cannabis, and a CANN cannabis drink.
The club was started with two major ideas in mind. One, to establish a queer community in the cannabis industry that has been lacking so far. Two, to bring together artists, creators, entrepreneurs, iconoclasts, bon vivants, and everyone who wanted to support their cause.
Since both Farnsworth and Different leaf aren’t based out in metropolitan cities, the club took AspenOUT as a chance to reach a wider audience and garner community support. During the 2 days that they spent in Aspen, they collaborated with AspenOut and a local dispensary to give some charitable gifts backs and 20% of all 1906 sales to AspenOUT to help out with the LGBTQ+ causes.
How AspenOUT Has Helped QCC and Other Associations
AspenOUT or the Roaring Fork Gay & Lesbian Community Fund is a Colorado-based non-profit that hosts a variety of programs and events, educational and otherwise, to support the LGBTQ community.
One of the most globally renowned events organized by AspenOut is the Aspen Gay Ski Week which takes place every January. While the week-long vacation is filled with ski events and parties, it is more than just that. A fundraiser by purpose, all funds raised during AGSW are given back to the LGBTQ+ community through grants, programs, and scholarships.
2022 marked the 45th celebration of the Aspen Gay Ski Week while also marking the 1st celebration of Queer Cannabis Club’s debut.
Apart from the Gay Ski Week, AspenOut has been an organization that takes a step forward anytime there is a complex issue threatening their community. From mental health support to students to local fundraisers for multiple purposes, AspenOut has been promoting tolerance, understanding, and diversity through its acts.
Aspen Gay Ski Week- History
What started out as a way to meet and dance in bars with other men turned into a fight for gay civil rights for Coloradans and Americans in general. That’s the legacy of the Aspen Gay Ski Week.
The mid-1970s marked the time when a group of locals and gay tourists began meeting every January to party. What started out as small parties in condos soon became massive annual festivities that required the help of restaurants and hotels to accommodate everyone. However, all was not blooming flowers.
In 1977, Jon Busch, a local in Aspen got into trouble for wanting to dance with another man in a local bar, even though Aspen was known to be more liberal. By 1979, Busch and some other locals had begun pushing for gay rights protection, becoming the first in Colorado to secure them.
Unfortunately, in 1992, the statewide “Amendment 2” repelled all gay rights in Aspen. This event led to a liberal outrage all across Colorado and United States, leading to a boycott of Colorado tourism. What came next was a joint effort of Aspen, Boulder, and Denver to challenge Amendment 2 – Romer vs. Evans. In this case, the Colorado Supreme Court held that Amendment 2 was unconstitutional, giving way to celebrations.
What started out as a way to meet and dance in bars with other men turned into a fight for gay civil rights for Coloradans and Americans in general. What started out as an annual meeting for gay locals and tourists to party and socialize turned into a week-long non-profit ski-cation to celebrate acceptance and diversity.
The Queer community has come far, and not without close associations with the cannabis industry. But with this consortium, more legit, cannabis-led businesses have won the chance to come forward.
Now that the Queer Cannabis club has been up and running for over a year, it is looking for more queer-backed businesses to join hands with. This means more representation for the LGBTQ+ and a chance for you to support the causes of the community.