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President Biden on Brittney Griner’s Sentence



On August 4, 2022, U.S. President Joe Biden published a formal statement concerning the sentencing of U.S. basketball player Brittney Griner. Griner was just sentenced to nine years in a Russian penal colony and fined one million rubles. We’ve written about Griner’s case before (here and here), but to summarize, she could be spending the next decade locked up in Russia for accidentally bringing cannabis vapes into the country. President Biden’s statement is short, so I will copy the full text below:

Today, American citizen Brittney Griner received a prison sentence that is one more reminder of what the world already knew: Russia is wrongfully detaining Brittney. It’s unacceptable, and I call on Russia to release her immediately so she can be with her wife, loved ones, friends, and teammates.  My administration will continue to work tirelessly and pursue every possible avenue to bring Brittney and Paul Whelan home safely as soon as possible.

We all know that Griner’s harsh treatment has a lot to do with the United States’ support of Ukraine in its invasion by Russia. It seems unlikely that she would have received such a harsh sentence had this happened a year ago. But the fact remains that it’s still possible in Russia (and most of the world) to face a decade in prison for something anyone in most U.S. states can legally carry.

President Biden’s administration is working to broker a prisoner swap for Griner, so she may not serve her entire sentence in Russia. That’s by no means guaranteed, and Russia may get back a convicted arms dealer as a result.

We hope that President Biden can take what he’s learned in Griner’s case – that it is wrong to detain someone for cannabis possession – and focus more energy on making legalization happen here. As we have known for years, he has not been particularly fond of cannabis and not much has changed federally since he took office, despite all the promises.

Most of all, we hope that Griner will be quickly released and get to come home to the United States. What a travesty.

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What are Cannabinoids and Can You Lose Weight with THCV or Sleep Better with CBN?




What are cannabinoids? We’ve all heard of cannabis and hemp, THC and CBD, but what about THCV and CBDV, CBN and CBG? How many cannabinoids are there? It turns out that there are more than 100 cannabinoids, each with unique effects and benefits. For example, THCV oils and gummies increase energy and suppress hunger, making them a potentially useful addition to a weight loss regime. On the other hand, CBDV is being studied for autism, CBG for pain and inflammation, and CBN is believed to be the best for relaxation and deep sleep.


For this article, we asked industry leader Rare Cannabinoid Company to answer the most frequently asked questions about these beneficial compounds, their uses, and how to take them. The premium Hawaiian company was the first to produce pure THCV and CBDV oils and has the widest selection of oils and gummies of CBC, CBDA, CBDV, CBGA, CBG, CBN, THCV, and terpenes.


Q&A with Rare Cannabinoid Company:


What are cannabinoids? They are a class of compounds found in cannabis and hemp plants. CBD (cannabidiol) and THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) are the most well-known cannabinoids, but there are many more that offer unique benefits.


How many cannabinoids are there? More than 100! At least 113 distinct cannabinoids have been identified in cannabis and hemp.


How do cannabinoids work? They interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system, which regulates mood, sleep, appetite, inflammation, and other functions.


What do cannabinoids do? They vary depending on the cannabinoid. For example, THCV increases energy and decreases appetite, which has led to it being associated with weight loss. Meanwhile, CBN is believed to promote relaxation and deep sleep.


What are the different types of cannabinoids? Only a small fraction are currently able to be extracted and used in commercial products. These include: CBD, THC, CBC (cannabichromene), CBDA (cannabidiolic acid), CBDV (cannabidivarin), CBGA (cannabigerolic acid), CBG (cannabigerol), CBN (cannabinol), and THCV (tetrahydrocannabivarin). We expect this number to grow as advances in breeding and extraction continue to improve. On our website, Rare Cannabinoid Company, you will find links to news articles and dozens of scientific studies on each rare cannabinoid and its effects and benefits.


Will cannabinoids get you high? Some cannabinoids, like THC, will cause psychoactive effects (a.k.a. a “high”). However, many others like CBD do not have this effect. For example, THCV is believed to improve concentration and focus.


Are cannabinoids legal? In the United States, the 2018 Farm Bill legalized hemp-derived cannabinoids that contain less than 0.3% THC. This means that products like CBD oil, CBG oil, and CBN oil are widely available and completely legal in most states. However, synthetic cannabinoids like Delta-8-THC are banned in many states.


What are synthetic cannabinoids? There are different types of synthetic cannabinoids. Some are man-made chemicals that mimic the effects of natural cannabinoids. These are often sold as “spice,” “legal highs” or “herbal incense” and can be very dangerous. Others, such as Delta-8-THC are converted from CBD into THC. Delta-8-THC does occur naturally in hemp and cannabis, however, it is found in such small quantities that almost all of the Delta-8-THC for sale is completely synthetic. 


Are cannabinoids healthy? There is a growing body of evidence that suggests cannabinoids offer a wide range of health benefits. For example, CBD has been shown to improve stress resilience and reduce temporary inflammation and one CBD product has been approved as an anti-seizure medicine. Meanwhile, CBDV is being studied in children and adults with autism spectrum disorder and THCV has been found in animal studies to reduce hunger and offer benefits for obesity and type 2 diabetes. CBG oil is also being used in many animal studies on various diseases. However, synthetic cannabinoids, like Delta-8-THC, can be dangerous, especially if they are made in unregulated facilities and do not offer proper third-party lab test results.


What are the side effects of cannabinoids? This depends largely on which cannabinoid you take. For example, THC is psychoactive and increases hunger. Conversely, THCV can improve focus and energy while suppressing hunger. For someone who is overweight, THCV may be helpful, however, for someone who struggles with an eating disorder, appetite suppression would be a negative side effect of THCV.


How do I take cannabinoids? The most popular way to take cannabinoids is by mouth in the form of oil tinctures or gummies. We offer pure extracts, blends with full spectrum Hawaiian CBD oil, and gummies. We recommend mixing and matching cannabinoids depending on your wellness needs or even the time for day. It’s also good to combine cannabinoids for the entourage effect. We believe that oils and gummies are among the most healthy and safe ways to take cannabinoids, but there are many other ways to take them including smoking, and vaporizing.


What are the primary health and wellness benefits of each cannabinoid?


  • CBN effects: The main CBN benefits are relaxation and deep, restful sleep, hence it being known as the “sleepy cannabinoid.” CBN gummies and oils are frequently used alone or with CBD to help people quiet their minds and fall into a dreamy sleep. CBN oil is also being studied for pain and inflammation. 


  • THCV effects: THCV has been referred to as “skinny pot” or “diet weed.” The primary THCV benefits are increased energy and decreased appetite. THCV weight loss has been studied in rodents and THCV oil has also been found helpful for addiction to nicotine and potentially other substances in animal studies.


  • CBDV effects: Potential CBDV benefits include increased sociability, reduced irritability, and memory benefits. CBDV is being studied for seizures and autism spectrum disorder. As the first and only company to offer a pure CBDV oil, it has proved very popular. 



  • CBG effects: CBG is known as the “mother cannabinoid” because it is the precursor to THC, CBD, and other cannabinoids. CBG has shown great promise in reducing inflammation and pain. It is also being studied for possible future potential in treating many diseases.





  • THC effects: THC is the main psychoactive component of cannabis. THC benefits include increased appetite, and relief from temporary pain and nausea. However, it can also cause anxiety and paranoia in some people.


  • Delta-8-THC vs. Delta-9-THC: Both forms of THC are very similar. Delta-9-THC occurs in abundance in cannabis plants, while most Delta-8-THC is a synthetic cannabinoid converted from CBD into Delta-8-THC. Delta-8-THC is said to be about half to two-thirds as strong as Delta-9-THC. It may also increase hunger even more than Delta-9-THC and can be dangerous due to the way it is made.


What plants produce cannabinoids? While the majority come from hemp and cannabis, cannabinoids may also be found in other plans such as rhododendron, licorice, liverwort, and echinacea.


Does hemp seed oil contain cannabinoids? No, hemp seed oil does not contain cannabinoids. Hemp seed oil is extracted from the seeds of the hemp plant and contains most of the same nutrients as other oils like flaxseed oil and fish oil. However, it does not contain any cannabinoids like CBD, THC, CBG, or CBN.


What does total cannabinoids mean? If you see this written on product packaging, it refers to the total milligram weight of all of the cannabinoids in the product – CBD, CBG, CBN etc. added together. It’s important to know the amount of each cannabinoid you’re taking. For example if a product calls itself “THCV gummies” but the THCV content per gummy is 1mg and the total cannabinoid content is 24mg, it may essentially be a CBD gummy with a tiny bit of THCV in it. Please note that our THCV gummies contain 25mg THCV in each gummy! However, if you’re looking at a hemp-derived Delta-9-THC product, it will have to contain a large amount of CBD and other cannabinoids to be legal and remain under 0.3% THC by weight. It would also be dangerous for a product to contain too much THC because it is psychoactive.

rare cannabinoids

Is there anything else you’d like to add to our Q&A on what is cannabinoids? That covers all the basics on these amazing compounds. As you can see from the last question, each cannabinoid is unique and there is a lot to learn about them. For anyone seeking more in-depth information, please take a look at our own Q&A, numerous blog posts, and links to scientific studies on our website. We also have a directory of independent cannabinoid advisors who see patients in-office and by phone and video appointments. These doctors, nurses, and clinicians can answer questions about which cannabinoids are best for particular situations and ailments. For product advice on oils and gummies, we welcome questions emailed to us at Thank you for this opportunity to share our knowledge and interest in cannabinoids.

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The Secret to NFL Great Aaron Rodgers’ Success? Tripping Balls on Psychedelics Made Him a Two-Time MVP




aaron rodgers psychedelics

NFL Star Aaron Rodgers Used Ayahuasca Before Dual MVP Seasons

Sports stars are our icons, heroes, and role models. We look to them because we feel they can do the impossible. So, when the star quarterback of Green Bay Packers Aaron Rodgers credits ayahuasca for winning back-to-back MVP awards, you can be sure we listened. You may be wondering how true this is or if this is just clickbait, not to worry a full scope will convince you.

The month of August opened up a new chapter for the popularity of psychedelics as Rodgers made the revelation public this week. The star quarterback shared how he traveled to South America to take ayahuasca and how this related to his success as the MVP of the league for two seasons. Rodgers credits the psychedelic concoction with helping him to change his mindset as well as improving his mental health. He shared all of this during an expository interview on the Aubrey Marcus Podcast.

The successive wins as MVP gave Rodgers his third and fourth award in 2020 and 2021. In his words, Rodgers stated that the knew after the ayahuasca experience that he will not be the same again. He believes the psychedelic drug was instrumental in him finding self-love and mental wellness. He was quoted by USA Today stating that the drug gave him a deep and meaningful appreciation of life.

When asked to comment on the experience, Rodgers explained that he went into the experience with a particular intention. This was to feel what pure love feels like and that was what he gained on his first night. He expressed the feeling as a magical sensation backed with a special unique sensation. He likened this sensation to having over a hundred different hands on his body imparting essence into it. He further explained that this essence felt like an impartation of a blessing of love, forgiveness, and gratitude for him.

For those that do not know, we will give a brief overview of what this psychedelic brew is. Ayahuasca is a special psychedelic brew native to the South American Amazon basin. The brew consists of different leaves and vines and is used for social and shamanic ceremonies. The potent psychedelic drug present in the brew is dimethyltryptamine (DMT). DMT is known to have a strong effect on causing vivid hallucinations and intense sensations. The popularity of ayahuasca is just gaining traction as a psychedelic brew compared to popular psychedelics like psilocybin also known as magic mushrooms.

A recent study was carried out by Dr. Robin Carhart-Harris from the Centre Psychedelic Research at Imperial College London. The study published in 2019 examined the psychedelic effect of the brew. The result of the study showed an effect on the brainwaves caused by the brew. Researchers believed that the brew stimulated the brainwaves to give a sense of dreaming while awake. Much of this effect is tagged to the effect of DMT which remains a very intriguing psychedelic. Carhart-Harris described the experience of DMT as a near-death experience or dreaming while awake. A high dose of DMT is also known to produce intense visual vividness and depth of immersion. Reports also have these effects to be higher than those recorded with psilocybin which is a more popular psychedelic.

Rodgers shared all as he explained deeply the effect the experience with ayahuasca had on him and his career. In his own words, the experience set him back on course and allowed him to focus on his job and gain perspective. This ultimately translated into how he approached things before him. He became freer to be the best he can be at work, at home, as a lover, as a friend, and as a teammate. This is why he attributes much of his success in 2020 to the effect of the encounter he had with ayahuasca.

When asked if the perceived relationship might be a result of a coincidence, Rodgers stated that he doesn’t believe that it is. He stated that he chooses not to ascribe things to coincidences. Instead, he chose to describe the feeling as the universe’s way of bringing things to happen as they are supposed to happen. Rodgers explains that the signs are always there around us waiting to see if we are conscious enough to notice them and listen to them. He explained that it is more like the intuition is peaking to use and hammering it that this is what you are meant to be doing.

Rodgers explained that he was comfortable going to experience ayahuasca thanks to his previous experience with psychedelic drugs. He had also stated personally to the interviewer that one of the best days of his life came after an experience with psychedelic mushrooms. He stated that the experience occurred while on a beach and he felt himself merge with the ocean that day.

Rodgers believes that too much emphasis is being placed on some of the possible side effects of ayahuasca. Examples of some of these common side effects include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and hallucinations. Instead, he believes attention should also be placed on the deep effects of promoting self-love and healing. Rodgers explains that this self-love prompted by ayahuasca was key to his mental health journey. He explains that ayahuasca helped him see how to love himself unconditionally and this is the first step to helping him love others around him unconditionally as well.  

From the testimony of NFL star Aaron Rodgers, we can tell that there is something special in ayahuasca that needs attention. There is limited scientific knowledge about the psychedelic brew presently but all that is bound to change with such testimonies. Till then we can only remain happy for Aaron Rodgers and be grateful that he had the experience he had with ayahuasca. Hopefully, this same effect will be translated to some other sports stars as they aim for greatness.








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Interstate Cannabis Agreements in California




I get asked a lot of questions about what California cannabis licensees can and cannot do under the Medicinal and Adult-Use Cannabis Regulation and Safety Act (“MAUCRSA”). California is actually business friendly once operations get going with a license– despite its many issues with the cannabis industry. For example, vertical integration is allowed. There’s no license cap, and you can apply for a license year-round. We allow for cannabis delivery apps. And California permits consumption lounges in line with local law.

So what’s next? Well, at this point California is also going to try to allow for interstate cannabis agreements, similar to what Oregon did back in 2019 under its Senate Bill 582. In California, the proposal up for discussion is SB 1326.

Interstate cannabis agreements

According to AB 1326:

MAUCRSA specifies that its provisions shall not be construed to authorize or permit a licensee to transport or distribute, or cause to be transported or distributed, cannabis or cannabis products outside the state, unless authorized by federal law. This bill would make an exception to the above-described prohibition and would authorize the Governor to enter into an agreement with another state or states authorizing medicinal or adult-use commercial cannabis activity, or both, between entities licensed under the laws of the other state or states and entities operating with a state license pursuant to MAUCRSA, provided that the commercial cannabis activities are lawful and subject to licensure under the laws of the other state or states.

How interstate cannabis agreements would work

Interestingly, these interstate cannabis agreements would be between states. Not licensees. Licensees would still need to engage in contracts with each other for the actual import, export, and distribution of cannabis across state borders. The governor of California would be able to enter into these interstate agreements with governors from other states so long as:

  1. The commercial cannabis activities are lawful and subject to licensure under the laws of the contracting state.
  2. With respect to the interstate transportation of cannabis or cannabis products, the agreement prohibits both of the following: (a) The transportation of cannabis and cannabis products by any means other than those authorized under both the laws of the contracting state and the regulations of the [California Department of Cannabis Control]. (b) The transportation of cannabis and cannabis products through the jurisdiction of a state, district, commonwealth, territory, or possession of the United States that does not authorize that transportation.
Contracting state

The interstate agreement between the states would require that the contracting state agree that its cannabis licensees be bound by California’s requirements around public health and safety, track and trace, testing, inspection, packaging and labeling, and adulterated and misbranded cannabis. The contracting state must also impose “restrictions upon advertising, marketing, labeling, or sale within the contracting state that meet or exceed the restrictions” in California for the same. And all California taxes apply, too. See here for more on California’s recent cannabis tax reform.

Foreign licensees

A “foreign licensee” is a cannabis licensed and based in a state other than California. A foreign licensee cannot engage in commercial cannabis activity in California “without a state license, or engage in commercial cannabis activity within a local jurisdiction without a license, permit, or other authorization issued by the local jurisdiction.” So, foreign licensees will also be plagued by California’s local control issues if they seek to do business in one of our cities or counties that allows for commercial cannabis activity.

The catch

While it would be truly amazing to have interstate cannabis movement between licensees from San Diego up to Bellingham, Washington, there’s one massive catch here. The Feds. SB 1326 really won’t do anything unless and until one of the following four events occurs:

  1. Federal law changes to allow for the interstate transfer of cannabis or cannabis products between authorized commercial cannabis businesses, i.e., legalization. (There have been recent efforts at the federal level to allow interstate transfer, even without changes as to the federal prohibition of cannabis.)
  2. Federal law is enacted that specifically prohibits the expenditure of federal funds to prevent the interstate transfer of cannabis or cannabis products between authorized commercial cannabis businesses.
  3. The Department of Justice issues an opinion or memorandum allowing or tolerating the interstate transfer of cannabis or cannabis products between authorized commercial cannabis businesses.
  4. The Attorney General issues a written opinion through the process . . . that implementation of interstate cannabis agreements will not result in “significant legal risk” to the State of California based on review of federal judicial decisions and administrative actions.

Number four is very interesting. Basically, if the California Attorney General releases a legal opinion that interstate cannabis agreements will not put California at risk of lawsuits or arrests and prosecutions by the Feds, then these agreements will be effective. Not sure if the California A/G’s office will stick its neck out like that, but it may if the political climate is ripe.

The bill is currently in the Senate appropriations committee heading for a suspense file hearing. It’s chances of passing probably aren’t that great, but the fact that it’s even being considered is really a huge step forward for the maturation of the industry.

Be sure to stay tuned as we keep an eye on interstate cannabis agreements. In the meantime, check out the following related posts, especially if you are interested in the Constitutional viability of an export regime, and issues around federal consent if AB 1326 ultimately passes.

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