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The Hippie Trail and The Invention of Lonely Planet

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Nowadays, anyone with around 600 bucks can basically get a flight to anywhere. If you’re looking to travel from one side of the planet to another, there’s probably a flight there. We live in a globalised world, where almost everywhere is connected. In a way, it’s the golden age we’re living in. However, in the 60s and 70s, flights were costly and strenuous. But, a group of nomads decided to change the culture of travelling forever. The hippie trail was a route from Europe to the other side of the world by land. Groups of hippies – high off wanderlust and spirit – would purchase a bus and drive their way across the world.

A trip that could easily take months, or even years, to accomplish. Whilst now the hippie trail is a less enticing journey – especially with cheap flights and some geo-political problems – those travellers in the 60s and 70s built the foundations for a modern backpacker world. In fact, it was these folk that invented the Lonely Planet guides, which now thousands of wanderers use as their bibles. 

Cannabis culture is fun and rife with colorful stories of exciting adventures, some that span multiple borders like the Hippy Trail. You can learn more about the industry by signing up for The THC Weekly Newsletterwhich will give you immediate access to offers on cannabis products, including vapes, edibles, and other products. Also, it’ll get you premium access to deals on cannabis flowers, vapes, edibles, and much more! We’ve also got standout offers on cannabinoids, like HHC-O, Delta 8Delta 9 THCDelta-10 THCTHCOTHCVTHCP HHC, which won’t kill your bank account. Head over to our “Best-of” lists to get these deals, and remember to enjoy responsibly!

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Travelling Back Then

After the second world war, the planet seemed to finally be at peace. After what seemed like a lifetime of political unrest and opposition, the world seemed to finally take a breath for a brief moment. Plus, all of the mechanical and industrial improvements that took place during the war, were now able to be used for other – more useful – things. Such as travel. Flights were becoming more common, and many of the wealthiest people were enjoying first class tickets around the world. However, that was the issue, these flight prices were catered to the rich. The normal folk were far from able to afford it. It’s estimated that flights were around 50% more expensive back then than they are today. Fast Company writes about this period, which was known surprisingly as the Golden Age of flight:

“Varying on the route, it was four to five times as expensive to fly in the Golden Age,” de Syon says. “If you were a secretary, it might cost you a month’s salary to take even a short flight.”

Plus, it’s also important to note that flying was far more dangerous back then. The planes weren’t designed to handle turbulence, and a harsh jolt could easily break the neck of the airbus. In addition, fog was very hard to land in and mid-flight collisions were also common. It may be known as the Golden Age of flight, but it was also a time of expensive flights and multiple crashes. Essentially, if you were afraid of flying back then, the statistics wouldn’t have been something to look at for reassurance. 

Travelling By Car

As you can see, the problems of travelling by flight were evident. There were slight dangers and there were definite costs. In addition, the issue with flying was that you could only really fly to one place. Of course once you arrived there were opportunities to take public transport to various places, but what people really wanted was more. After years of not being able to travel due to wars and political issues, people were finally allowed to explore the world. Travelling by flight may be quick, but it isn’t spiritual. You get in an airbus, and you wake up in a completely different country. But looking out of the window of a hippie bus and seeing the world change around you hour by hour, day by day – now that’s real travelling.

That’s why, In 1957, everything changed. A rather adventurous bus company began a bus route from London to India, known as the Indiaman. Outlook India writes:

“The bus departed from London on April 15, 1957. Tickets cost £85 for the London to Calcutta section and £65 for the return journey. It travelled through France, Italy, Yugoslavia (as it was then known as), Bulgaria, Turkey, Iran and Pakistan. During the trip, passengers stayed overnight in hotels (or camped out where there were none). The bus reached Calcutta on June 5 and returned to London on August 2 of the same year”

Imagine paying £85 to get taken, by car, from London to India. 12,000 miles… what a bargain. It was the sudden realisation that you could do it all by car or bus that began the inspiration for the hippie trail. 

The Hippie Trail 

The hippie trail was not only a journey, it was a way of life. That was because this long voyage could take months and even lifetimes. Some people would go and never come back. The hippie trail was an opportunity to see what felt like the entire world; it was not just one country, it was several. The route would take you across continents, and some even went the extra leap and travelled to Australia from Asia. But what was it all about? There was a wanderlust that fueled it. A desire to know more than just the small box you’re given at birth. New cultures were a chance to know more, see more, be more. As more people began to learn more about other nations, they wanted to witness it for themselves. Formidable Mag writes:

“The hippie trail was a 6,000 mile route through Europe and the Middle East into Central and Southern Asia. Inspired by the beat generation, Kerouac, Ginsberg… and The Beatles 1967 trip to Rishikesh in India to take part in a meditation retreat at the ashram of Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, hordes of members of the 60s and 70s counterculture movement took the road east seeking freedom and enlightenment.”

It’s also true to say that the hippie culture desired freedom of expression. The feeling of travelling gave them a limitless liberty that was unrestrained by home. Plus, recreational drugs – such as cannabis and acid – were definitely experiences that people wanted. Places like India and Asia were considered to be rife with such substances. There was a sense of oneness that came with the hippie trail, a sense of unity with the world. It would be too closed minded and ignorant to summarise this movement as a bunch of hippies taking recreational drugs. The truth was, it was a group of people – from all walks of life – wanting peace from one country to another after a long period of time where the whole world was at war. 

The route could vary from traveller to traveller, but ultimately there was a genuine consensus that people stuck to. The ‘magic bus’ would pick you up and take you from Amsterdam or London and you’d end up, eventually, in Nepal. 

Europe

The journey would start usually in Amsterdam or London, which is in Northern Europe. You’d then make your way through France, across Switzerland, down the boot of Italy. At this point you could get a ferry, with your vehicle, over to Dubrovnik. Where you could drive through Croatia and into Greece. Some would choose to island hop around the beautiful islands of Greece at this point. Corfu was one of the more popular. Then, it would be on to the next stops: Turkey and Istanbul. This would be where you’d leave Europe and move to the next continent.
 
Asia

The hippie trail would then venture into Asia and Iran. The next stop would be Afghanistan – where there was a very popular restaurant known as Sigi’s which would have some incredible music and atmosphere. Then they’d move through Kabul, into Pakistan, and eventually into India. Some would then head north into Nepal. Then the journey could continue into SouthEast Asia – Vietnam, Thailand, Laos and Cambodia. The final stops – not for the faint hearted – would be through Malaysia and, eventually, trying to cross the water to Australia.

The Hippie Trail Now

The hippie trail seems basically impossible now, despite its wonderful potential. Lots of those nations are hard to cross due to geopolitical reasons. Open Skies Magazine writes:

“In 1979 Russia invaded Afghanistan, and the country was effectively closed off to Westerners. Later that year, Iran had its revolution and that country too was no longer welcoming to tourists. Little by little the route had become more dangerous, and there were few willing to attempt it. Some did of course, and some died trying.”

Many of these problems, of course, still remain today. It seemed those years – the 60s and 70s – were a golden age for travel, despite the fact that flights were so expensive. Plus, nowadays, with prices of flights much cheaper, people prefer to fly. It’s as if the hippie trail will forever be stuck in time – a generation of wanderers. 

Lonely Planet

However, whilst the hippie trail may be difficult to replicate now, that generation laid the foundations for travellers of the future. The information, research and know-how that was passed on from that level of travelling was incredibly useful – and led to the creation of Lonely Planet. The Lonely Planet guides are, to this day, the most popular and useful books that people use for travelling around the world. Tony and Maureen Wheeler were the creators, and they brought out the first Lonely Planet guide – called ‘Across Asia on the Cheap’ – in 1973. They had done the hippie trail in the early 70s. When Tony spoke to the Lonely Planet magazine, he said:

“There’s no question that the Hippie Trail still tops my best ever list of trips…and it led directly to Lonely Planet.”

For anyone out there that has a lust for wandering, we all owe a big thanks to the generation of the hippie trail. 


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Justinflation in Cannabis – Cannabis News, Lifestyle

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Urban Dictionary defines Justinflation as “When a politician or government doesn’t think about monetary policy; and believes the budget will balance itself.”

The name comes from Canada’s prime minister, Justin Trudeau. In 2015, without even a recession or pandemic as an excuse, he plunged Canada’s finances into the red after nearly two solid decades of budget surpluses.

When asked about this, he said (and this is an actual quote): “The commitment needs to be a commitment to grow the economy, and the budget will balance itself.”

Translation: I’ve taken more than half your income in some cases, but I expect you to invest and create with the remaining capital. Meanwhile, I’ll be using the looted half to make it harder to invest and create in this country.

The left loves this approach. Instead of the so-called cruel act of cutting government services and expenditures, you expect increased revenues because the economy grows “from the heart outwards.”

And yes, that’s another actual quote from Justin Trudeau.

Who is Justin Trudeau?

Justin Trudeau is a trust fund beneficiary with no financial experience. Before becoming prime minister, he was a snowboard instructor and a drama teacher. He worked part-time as a teacher for a private school in British Columbia where Chinese elites send their kids. He was fired from that job over a sexual scandal (possibly involving a minor) and had to sign a non-disclosure agreement.

Justinflation results from a publicly-educated populace believing “we” are the government. Justin Trudeau results from corporate media favourably marketing a famous last name attached to someone with zero qualifications.

That is how the cannabis file was mishandled from day one. Justin merely said: “We’ll legalize it,” on a campaign stop in B.C. Then he won in 2015. So he put a former cop in charge of legalization and walked away.

The result has been a bloated asset-heavy corporate system. Cannabis flower is irradiated, and more than once, producers have been caught spraying illegal pesticides on their plants. Instead of legalizing the craft cultivators in British Columbia, Justin’s Liberal government called them criminals and refused to listen to them.

Yet, these people were the actual experts. They made BC Bud world-renown. Even today, many of them are priced out of the licensed producer system. The barriers to entry are too high. There is no support for BC Bud in Justin’s legalization.

justinflation
When they gonna flatten this curve?

Who is to Blame for Justinflation?

Justinflation pours gasoline on the fire. Inflation is the result of the central bank. Far from remaining “independent,” these anti-democratic institutions have always been political. Justin Trudeau would have not been able to run these deficits without the Bank of Canada acting as his personal ATM.

But Justin Trudeau doesn’t think about monetary policy. Actually. He admits that. It’s a quote.

He said (emphasis added): “When I think about the biggest, most important economic policy this government, if re-elected, would move forward, you’ll forgive me if I don’t think about monetary policy. You’ll understand that I think about families.”

Justinflation is the result of Justin Trudeau’s incredible stupidity. 

Families are struggling with the cost of living. Medical cannabis patients have to choose between paying rent or being able to afford their medicine. And with the Cannabis Act lumping medical patients together with recreational users, there has been no thought to the high costs of edibles and oils.

That has everything to do with monetary policy.

But it is also the fault of individual Canadians who appear to have no inner voice and merely parrot the narratives given to them by the establishment media. That is how Justin Trudeau keeps winning elections. 

The media, too, are to blame and deserve every loss in readership and viewers. If they’re serious about stopping misinformation, then most of them should be resigning and apologizing to the nation.

Justinflation in cannabis can be fixed. But first things first, Justin Trudeau has to go.





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Product Review: Looper HHC Pre-Rolls from (Runtz Strain)

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In a time where new cannabinoids are flooding the marketplace, one cannabinoid in particular has managed to become one of the most popular of them all: HHC. Short for hexahydrocannabinol, HHC is available in gummies, tinctures, vape carts, but more rarely, pre-rolls. In today’s review, I’ll be testing the Looper HHC Pre-roll by Looperverse. Pre-rolls fall into the more advanced-user category, but with a little bit of practice and patience, you’ll be flying high in no time! To kick things off, I’d like to explore the Looperverse brand and all they have to offer before jumping into the full-blown review. Let’s get started!

Here at CBD Testers, we love products! We love to try them and share what we learned with our readers. For more product reviews and articles, and for exclusive deals on all the trending cannabinoid products, remember to subscribe to The THC Weekly Newsletter. Also save big on Delta 8Delta 9 THCDelta-10 THCTHCOTHCVTHCPHHC & Cannadelics by checking out our “Best-of” lists!


The Looperverse Brand

The Looperverse brand was frustratingly difficult to find on a simple web browser search. Many sites carry the Looperverse brand but the actual Looperverse website seems to be buried to the point where it cannot be easily found. I ended up scanning the QR code on the little plastic tube that housed the pre-roll; only then was I redirected to the official Looperverse website. Once I was actually on the website, I was delighted with the graffiti-style graphics and the playfulness of the homepage. I clicked on the “Shop Now” button, eager to see what other products the brand offered. Imagine my surprise (and confusion) when I was redirected to Dimo Hemp, another brand’s homepage! Don’t get me wrong, Dimo Hemp is a powerhouse brand that I’ve had the exquisite pleasure of trying before and absolutely loved all their products. But to be redirected to the Dimo Hemp brand was something I simply did not expect.

Upon further inspection of the Dimo Hemp site, I noticed there was a tab on the top labeled “Shop Looper.” It seems as though Looper is a sub-brand of Dimo Hemp that offers some of the newer cannabinoids, such as HHC, HHC-O, THC-O, and something called Melted Series where several cannabinoids are blended (aka “melted”) together. To further add to the confusion, I noticed that the Looperverse homepage had a  tab labeled “Lab Results.” I clicked on it and a new tab opened to display a DropBox list of the Looper products listed on the Dimo Hemp website. It was then that the lightbulb moment happened. The Looperverse was a dummy site for Dimo’s new lineup, a placeholder if you will. 

Armed with that knowledge, I began to explore the Looper brand on the Dimo Hemp site and quickly found the HHC preroll section. Since the pre-roll packaging had the word “Runtz” displayed on the top of the plastic tube, I clicked on the corresponding product page and was delighted to finally find the product I’d be reviewing: the Looper HHC Pre-Rolls: Runtz! The pre-rolls are sold for $34.99 and come in a glass jar that contains seven pre-rolls. Each pre-roll contains 0.5 grams of HHC for a total of 3.5 grams per jar. Since I’d tried nearly the entire Dimo Hemp catalog about a year ago, I was very curious to see how the new Looper lineup compared. Keep reading to see my experience with my first-ever Looper HHC pre-roll product! 

Looper HHC Pre-Rolls: Runtz Product Review

looper HHC pre-rolls

I received a sample size of the Looper Runtz pre-rolls in a small plastic tube. The instructions directed me to squeeze the sides until the lip popped up. I gently tipped the tube upside down to allow the pre-roll to slide out and was surprised to see it was much smaller than other pre-rolls I’ve reviewed, almost like a miniature size. About two-thirds of the pre-roll was covered in CBD kief and gave off a very soothing scent of hemp. I noted that the rolling papers were from a brand called OCB and that the pre-roll was labeled as being a hybrid strain. The product description stated the taste and expected effects, but I waited until after smoking it to see if these details were accurate. I grabbed my lighter and stepped outside to avoid filling the room with acrid smoke. 

The pre-roll lit easily and did not extinguish even in a light breeze. Since the brand of rolling paper was OCB instead of the popular Raw papers, I did not experience any gummy sensation on my lips and my lips did not stick together while I smoked. The flavor was very smooth and I tasted a rich flavor of hemp. The pre-roll ashed easily and took about six minutes to smoke fully. During that time, I noticed there was a slight burning in the back of my throat and experienced a slight coughing fit after taking my initial hit and once when the pre-roll was about half done. I have my suspicions that I coughed because my throat was dry and I swallowed excess saliva while taking my hit, but that could just be a coincidence. 

The High: Start Time & Effects

I felt the effects kick in about five minutes after finishing the pre-roll. The effects were more noticeable than other pre-rolls I’ve tried, which was a huge plus. I felt a sense of energy wash over me and felt motivated to do things. I experienced an enhanced sense of focus and creativity that made me notice my surroundings more. I was highly amused by ordinary things, such as funny words or mental imagery. I felt uplifted and euphoric, which was wonderfully refreshing after a long day. I was somewhat surprised that I didn’t feel a slowed sense of time, which is a side effect I tend to experience, but this in no way detracted from the high. 

I noticed an enhanced sense of touch and taste, which made the snacks I munched on extremely enjoyable. I felt the high taper off after about 90 minutes, but I realize this may vary based on tolerance levels and other factors. Overall, I was honored to review the Looper Runtz HHC Pre-Roll and was impressed with the overall experience. My only complaint would be that it was very small. I would have preferred a larger pre-roll that could last longer than the few minutes it took to smoke it. I also caution you to keep some water handy, as you may experience coughing fits and will need something to soothe your dry throat. There are several methods of using inhalables, such as taking quick pulls, slowly letting out the smoke, avoid taking deep lung hits, and others. It will take a bit of trial and error even for the most experienced smokers, but ultimately you’ll figure out the method that works best for you. 

Conclusion

Aside from the initial confusion of the Looperverse website, I was absolutely delighted to try and review Looper’s Runtz HHC Pre-Roll. Knowing that Dimo Hemp was the parent brand only increased my enjoyment of the pre-roll and I highly encourage you to try it for yourself. The scent of the smoke was soothing, the flavor was rich and smooth, and I appreciated that I did not have to keep relighting the pre-roll. Despite the small size of the pre-roll, the effects were powerful and fast-acting. From start to finish, the Looper HHC Pre-Roll Runtz was a fantastic product that I thoroughly enjoyed. I was truly sorry that I couldn’t enjoy it longer, but the effects probably would have been overpowering if the pre-roll had been larger. Pre-rolls can be a tricky product to create, let alone perfect, but the Looper Runtz HHC pre-roll was as close to perfection as you can get. I look forward to trying more from the freshly minted Looper brand from Dimo Hemp in the near future! 

Hello and welcome! You’ve made it to CBDtesters.co / Cannadelics.com, the #1 web spot for the most comprehensive independent news coverage of the cannabis and psychedelics industries. Join us whenever possible to stay in-the-loop on the ever-changing landscape of cannabis and psychedelics, and subscribe to The THC Weekly Newsletter, so you’re always on top of what’s going on.





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Children with cancer and their misunderstood endocannabinoid system

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Conventional cancer treatments, especially radio and chemotherapy are harsh on the body. But for children, conventional treatments can become unbearable. Hidden by prohibition is how the endocannabinoid system (ECS) behaves in children with cancer. Childhood and the ECS are sadly two subjects rarely explored in unison.

Adolescent cancer is indeed a rare disease despite being the second most frequent cause of death in children. A recent study drew attention to this fact and the misunderstood ECS. Expanding beyond endocannabinoids, the scientists focused on the system’s relationship with diet and metabolism concerning childhood cancer. (1)

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia, brain tumours, lymphomas, and solid tumours are among the most common types of cancer in children.

Fatty endocannabinoids and diet

Endocannabinoids are a type of fat produced from dietary Omega-3. But many reasons exist why diet and metabolism are critical for regulating the entire endocannabinoid system while treating childhood cancer. In reverse, the system is crucial for regulating metabolism and diet.

A previous report on CLN discussed the ECS’s role in energy homeostasis. The metabolism of fat increases the level of leptin which competes with the ECS. The previous report, however, did not explain how leptin inhibits endocannabinoids.

Leptin boosts Fatty Acid Amide Hydrolase (FAAH), an enzyme that chews up anandamide. (2) So essentially, the metabolism of fat knocks down the endocannabinoid and partial CB1 receptor agonist know as anandamide.

Why does cancer poorly digest glucose?

A major connection exists between diet, energy homeostasis, and cancer. Even in children, cancer inefficiently consumes glucose as a form of food which endocannabinoids might help control. (1) Do keep in mind that complications with endo cannabinoids can occur. (3) And at the end of the day, regulation is the key.

The Warburg Effect occurs when cells consume glucose in an environment deprived of oxygen. (4) Solid tumour cells in the colon use this type of glucose metabolism to reduce reactive oxygen species (ROS), according to discoveries by Havard Medical School researchers. (5, 6) ROS further contributes to cancer progression while the ECS keeps reactive species in check. With or without endogenous human cannabinoids, though, regulation or inhibition of the Warburg Effect must be coupled with the inhibition of ROS to treat cancer.

Endocannabinoids were indeed missing from Harvard Medical School‘s research on glucose metabolism in specific cancers and solid tumours. Indirectly, however, the researchers did cite fatty acid metabolism in regards to intestinal cancers in their more recent study. The breakdown of fat affects a protein that expresses stem cells which are vital for regeneration.

Young immune systems and the surveillant ECS

Four immune cells can counterintuitively defend cancer from most cellular immune offences. With finesse, monoclonal antibodies can reduce one of the four defensive signals. Eat-me-signals (macrophages) can then be introduced to kill cancer cells with far less interference. It would be simple except that no two cancers are identical. For this reason, treating cancer via the immune system is a personal affair. (7)

In adults, the ECS regulates rather than drives or inhibits specific cancer signals. And on-demand functions within the ECS respond separately for each individual, hindering the disease on a personal level. Children, however, have developing immune systems that drive highly unique immune responses.

Children also have far fewer immune checkpoints for therapies and endocannabinoids to target. And so, translating the role of the endocannabinoid system in adults to children is not valid, especially for diseases like cancer. Conclusively, the current field of research regarding childhood endocannabinoid systems is uncomfortably desolate.

Sources

  1. Schab, M.; Skoczen, S. The Role of Nutritional Status, Gastrointestinal Peptides, and Endocannabinoids in the Prognosis and Treatment of Children with Cancer. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2022, 23, 5159.G
  2. Balsevich G, Sticht M, Bowles NP, et al. Role for fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) in the leptin-mediated effects on feeding and energy balance. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2018;115(29):7605-7610. doi:10.1073/pnas.1802251115
  3. Marino S, de Ridder D, Bishop RT, et al. Paradoxical effects of JZL184, an inhibitor of monoacylglycerol lipase, on bone remodelling in healthy and cancer-bearing mice. EBioMedicine. 2019;44:452-466. doi:10.1016/j.ebiom.2019.05.048
  4. Xu K, Yin N, Peng M, et al. Glycolysis fuels phosphoinositide 3-kinase signaling to bolster T cell immunity. Science. 2021;371(6527):405-410. doi:10.1126/science.abb2683
  5. Sebastian, C., Ferrer, C., Serra, M. et al. A non-dividing cell population with high pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase activity regulates metabolic heterogeneity and tumorigenesis in the intestine. Nat Commun 13, 1503 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-022-29085-y
  6. Choi JE, Sebastian C, Ferrer CM, et al. A unique subset of glycolytic tumour-propagating cells drives squamous cell carcinoma. Nat Metab. 2021;3(2):182-195. doi:10.1038/s42255-021-00350-6
  7. Tseng D, Volkmer JP, Willingham SB, et al. Anti-CD47 antibody-mediated phagocytosis of cancer by macrophages primes an effective antitumor T-cell response. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013;110(27):11103-11108. doi:10.1073/pnas.1305569110





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