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The Magic of the Entourage Effect

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entourage effect in hemp

How Cannabinoid Compounds and Full Spectrum Products May Offer a Therapeutic Advantage

You might have noticed the term “full spectrum” tossed around a lot in the CBD/Cannabidiol industry. So what does it mean? How can using a combination of different compounds maximize your benefits? That’s exactly what we are here to figure out!

It’s important to understand the Entourage Effect and how it works before you buy full spectrum CBD oil to make sure you choose the right product for you. To do this, you’ve got to look at what makes full spectrum, broad spectrum, and isolate products different from each other.

About Full Spectrum, Broad Spectrum, and Isolate Cannabidiol Oils

Full spectrum Cannabidiol products include numerous plant medicines that are called cannabinoids along with other phytochemical compounds found naturally in the cannabis/hemp plant. This usually includes up to 0.3% of THC. Alternatively, broad-spectrum Cannabidiol has all of these compounds, minus the THC. Isolates generally contain cannabidiol only. Whether you prefer isolates or full spectrum products is usually a matter of personal preference and tolerance. Here is a quick breakdown of the three types of Cannabidiol extracts:

Full Spectrum Cannabidiol Products

Full spectrum Cannabidiol products usually contain Cannabidiol and a range of other minor terpenes and cannabinoids naturally produced by hemp plants. In other words, the full spectrum of hemp compounds found in the cannabis plant.

Broad Spectrum Products

In contrast, broad spectrum products contain all minor cannabinoids and Cannabidiol while excluding THC. These products are ideal for those seeking max benefits but steering clear of THC itself.

Isolate Products

Isolate products contain only CBD/Cannabidiol and nothing else. These products are ideal for Cannabidiol users looking to stick to what their systems are most comfortable with and adapted to.

An Entourage of Benefits: Combining Compounds for an Enhanced Effect


This brings us to the Entourage Effect, a phrase referring to the synergistic advantages derived from all of the compounds found in hemp plants. Understand that Cannabidiol is just one advantageous cannabinoid among many. When Cannabidiol is paired with THC and other minor cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids, a more robust therapeutic result is attained.

Clinical research shows full spectrum products deliver the most effective therapeutic benefits among the three types of Cannabidiol extracts. This is because terpenoids, flavonoids and cannabinoids interact with one another as they bind to the various receptors in the brain and body.

So what are the key players in this effective full spectrum entourage effect? They are Cannabinol, Cannabidiol, Cannabigerol, Cannabichromene and THC. (Remember, broad spectrum CBD oil products have everything that full spectrum products have except for THC.)

Here’s a breakdown of these compounds to give you a better understanding of how they work together to create superior entourage benefits.

Cannabidiol/CBD Oil

Cannabidiol comes from the Sativa plant. This non-intoxicating chemical produces a relaxed feeling, though does not create the “high” that some experience from THC. In fact, Cannabidiol is entirely non-psychoactive. Cannabidiol benefits include relief from anxiety, pain, depression, fibromyalgia, inflammation, and more.

Cannabigerol/CBG Oil

Cannabigerol, or, CBG is a minor cannabinoid that has numerous potential benefits identified in clinical study. CBG oil is shown to protect nerve health, support healthy brain function, relieve inflammatory bowel disease symptoms, stimulate appetite, and even lower cholesterol.

Cannabinol/CBN Oil

Cannabinol Oil (CBN) also comes from the Sativa plant. This cannabinoid is known to be mild, at around 25% as potent as THC or less. In larger doses, Cannabinol Oil may produce mild psychoactive effects. CBN Oil benefits include pain relief, immune support, insomnia relief and appetite stimulation.

Cannabichromene/CBC Oil

Cannabichromene, or CBC for short, is a non-psychoactive minor cannabinoid that is abundant in hemp. Although it is not psychoactive, it is still very powerful. This unique compound supports healthy brain function by increasing the viability of new brain cell growth. This process is known as neurogenesis, and it can help keep your brain sharp as you age. CBC may also help bind to neurological and neurotransmitter receptors. It is also thought to enhance pleasure sensation, improve motivation, regulate sleep, promote appetite, and reduce pain.

THC in Full Spectrum Cannabis Oils

THC stands for Tetrahydrocannabinol. This is the substance that produces the “high” that many people enjoy from consuming marijuana products. Full Spectrum CBD oil will contain very small amounts of THC while Broad Spectrum CBD Oil will have all of the cannabinoids listed above, minus the THC.

Cannabis Terpenes

Full spectrum Cannabidiol will also usually contain terpenes from the cannabis plant. Terpenes are resinous, fragrant chemical compounds that can be found in various plants, not just cannabis. In cannabis, they can make a certain strain taste or smell different from others. The terpene content in different cannabis strains, plants, and even fruits and vegetables varies significantly. The higher the terpene content is, the more fragrant, potent, or flavorful, things will be.

Inside the Body: How Does The Entourage Work Together?

THC, Cannabidiol, minor cannabinoids, and certain terpenes interact with your body’s very own ECS (Endocannabinoid Systems). The ECS is an internal bodily system that regulates many different biological processes ranging from appetite and memory to sleep and immune function. When you pair Cannabidiol with other compounds known to interact with your endocannabinoid systems, the effectiveness of every compound is also increased. This is the heart of the entourage effect. Think of it as a full-body workout as opposed to simply doing curls with your left arm. When you stimulate your entire ECS, the benefits you experience will be much more far reaching and robust.

Is the Entourage Effect a proven thing?

Absolutely! Science supports this effect unequivocally. Many research papers have been written describing the well-established benefits of the entourage effect. Leaders in medicinal cannabis research have conducted studies supporting the benefits of full spectrum products versus isolates as well. In these studies, the results indicated that even users who had minimal benefits from Cannabidiol isolate products could attain substantial advantages from full spectrum products.

Should I go for Full Spectrum or Broad Spectrum cannabidiol products?

When it comes to choosing between full and broad spectrum products, it will all come down to what you are looking to achieve. Do you want a healthy boost without the possibility of any psychoactive effects? If so, broad spectrum CBD products are probably the best option for you.

However, if you prefer the way that THC makes you feel and want to get the most benefits from your CBD oil right away, full spectrum is definitely worth looking into. Or, maybe you’re a purist looking to benefit from just one compound at a time. If so, isolates are an excellent option for you. You might even want to try all three Cannabidiol products types to see which one feels best for you personally. Either way, there are plenty of health benefits to be enjoyed and they are all supported by independent clinical research!

Final Thoughts

Now you know the most important facts about the three Cannabidiol product types! The next time you are deciding what products will work best, you’ll be able to buy with confidence because you know how to target the exact benefits you need. Remember, it all comes down to what you’re looking to achieve with CBD oil. Take your time and test out your options. This is your journey, after all. Before you know it, you’ll have your favorite products pegged and be on track to a healthier, calmer, and pain-free life!

 



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How to make hash butter, the best recipe & how much per stick?

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The most common role of butter is baking, and a good hash butter recipe will take your edibles out of this world with enhanced flavor and increased potency! So, are you looking for a tasty hash butter recipe? I have tried several recipes, but the following recipe is by far my favorite. And it only takes 20 minutes to make!

marijuana-hash

How To Make Hash Butter Recipe At Home

Hash, a concentrated form of the resin of a cannabis plant, mainly contains inactive cannabinoid THCA instead of THC. Therefore, the first step is always to activate (decarboxylate) your hash. Simply break the hash into smaller pieces and slowly heat it in your oven at 116°C for 45 minutes only. 

Once the timer goes off, the hash is ‘active’, and we can now start baking.

You’ll need the following equipment:

  • Measuring cup
  • Paper towels
  • Pot or saucepan
  • 2 sticks
  • Spoon or whisk
  • Additional container (airtight and heatproof)

Ingredients

  • 100g of butter (should be dry)
  • Depending on the kind of potency you need, you have to include 1 to 5 grams of decarbed hash 
  • 500 milliliters of clean water

Other things you may need (optional):

  • ½ clove garlic
  • 1 tablespoon of assorted Italian herbs
  • A small amount of red pepper (a pinch is okay)

Preparing Instructions

Hash butter cooking steps

Step 1

Pour two cups of clean water into a cooking pot or saucepan and continue boiling it on medium heat. As the water continues to boil, make sure your hash and the butter are ready. You can do this by placing the hash and butter inside a small dish. Alternatively, you can begin by crumbling the butter into small bits. 

The essence of making the tiny pieces is to make dissolving quicker and easier. Finally, unwrap the butter from its place.

Step 2

Reduce the heat of the boiling water. Drop butter into the boiling water (assuming you have two sticks). At this point, you need to be careful not to burn the two bars. Besides, your aim is not to boil the mixture of butter and water.

Use the whisk or spoon, stir or agitate the mixture until it dissolves evenly.

PS. As a rule, the water should be warm enough to melt the butter, but you should not allow it to heat to boiling point.

Step 3

In Step 1, you made the hash into tiny pieces, right? Now put the hash into the melted mixture of water and butter. Let the new mixture (water, butter and hash) simmer as much as possible. There will be no harm if you whisk the mixture a little bit. 

If you notice the mixture changing its color into brownish-green, you are on the right track. 

Hash butter nerds argue that the longer you continue to simmer the mixture at low heat, the better the potency you achieve. For that reason, you could simmer the mixture for more than 30 minutes. 

Ideally, the best hash butter simmers for up to 4 hours.

Hash butter recipe steps

Step 4

After your 30 minutes or 4 hours are over, it is time to check the simmered mixture. By now, there is no doubt that the mixture has blended well. The next thing would be to put the simmered mixture inside an airtight and heatproof container.

Place this mixture inside your refrigerator. You can allow the mixture to rest in the refrigerator between 2 hours and 12 hours. Some people leave the mixture in the refrigerator the entire night.

fridge

Step 5

When you finally open the airtight container, you will see that the hash and butter have teamed up but separated from the water. Using a clean piece of cloth or a towel, pour the separated water out of the mixture. The piece of cloth guards against the loss of butter when draining the water.

Step 6

It is time to use paper towels to dry your hash butter. Please ensure no water or moisture are left in the butter. You can now put your butter into the airtight container for the second time. You can store your butter in the container for 60 days. Your butter won’t go bad.

The Bottom Line

After going through this guide on how to make hash butter, it is evident that the process of making hash butter is not boring, to say the least. But at least now, you can make it yourself in the comfort of your home. For a Youtube video about how to make hash butter click here.

How much hash per stick of butter?

If you are interested in a very potent high, use 6+ grams of hash per stick of butter. For a moderate high, 3 to 5 grams of hash per stick of butter is recommended. If you are just looking for a mild high, then using between 2 to 3 grams of hash per stick rocks.

How to make edibles without butter or oil

You can make edibles without butter or oil by adding your decarbed weed to your preferred meal. You however need to ensure the activation of the cannabinoids (THC and CBD) is over and be wary of the dosage. When weed is decarbed and infused in a meal or a pill, it’s easy for you to overdose it.

How to make thc butter with levo

  • Decarboxylate your weed, break it into smaller pieces and pack it inside a herb pod
  • Place the pod in a LEVO unit
  • Slice 4 sticks of butter, place it in the reservoir and close the lid
  • Set the LEVO to 78℃ and infuse for 60 mins
  • Dispense the infusion in a glass jar and strain it
  • Store that THC butter in a fridge.

How to make cannabutter with dry ice hash

  • Decarboxylate 2gms of dry ice hash
  • Break the decarboxylated dry ice hash into smaller chunks
  • Melt a single stick of butter and dissolve the decarbed dry ice hash in it
  • Simmer the mixture for around 10 minutes and use a silicone spatula to scrape the bottom until the butter melts and dissolves
  • After bubbling, the cannabutter is ready.

How to make edibles without butter

To make edibles without butter, decarboxylate your weed and make some coconut milk. Mix the decarbed weed and coconut milk. Stir the mix and heat it under low temperatures for an hour. Strain the coconut milk to do away with the weed and drink it warm. Keep the remaining milk in the fridge.

Disclaimer: This content is meant for educational purposes only. It has been compiled with research from external sources. it is not meant to substitute any medical or legal advice. Please see your local laws for the legality of cannabis use.



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How to make hash butter, the best recipe & how much per stick?

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The most common role of butter is baking, and a good hash butter recipe will take your edibles out of this world with enhanced flavor and increased potency! So, are you looking for a tasty hash butter recipe? I have tried several recipes, but the following recipe is by far my favorite. And it only takes 20 minutes to make!

marijuana-hash

How To Make Hash Butter Recipe At Home

Hash, a concentrated form of the resin of a cannabis plant, mainly contains inactive cannabinoid THCA instead of THC. Therefore, the first step is always to activate (decarboxylate) your hash. Simply break the hash into smaller pieces and slowly heat it in your oven at 116°C for 45 minutes only. 

Once the timer goes off, the hash is ‘active’, and we can now start baking.

You’ll need the following equipment:

  • Measuring cup
  • Paper towels
  • Pot or saucepan
  • 2 sticks
  • Spoon or whisk
  • Additional container (airtight and heatproof)

Ingredients

  • 100g of butter (should be dry)
  • Depending on the kind of potency you need, you have to include 1 to 5 grams of decarbed hash 
  • 500 milliliters of clean water

Other things you may need (optional):

  • ½ clove garlic
  • 1 tablespoon of assorted Italian herbs
  • A small amount of red pepper (a pinch is okay)

Preparing Instructions

Hash butter cooking steps

Step 1

Pour two cups of clean water into a cooking pot or saucepan and continue boiling it on medium heat. As the water continues to boil, make sure your hash and the butter are ready. You can do this by placing the hash and butter inside a small dish. Alternatively, you can begin by crumbling the butter into small bits. 

The essence of making the tiny pieces is to make dissolving quicker and easier. Finally, unwrap the butter from its place.

Step 2

Reduce the heat of the boiling water. Drop butter into the boiling water (assuming you have two sticks). At this point, you need to be careful not to burn the two bars. Besides, your aim is not to boil the mixture of butter and water.

Use the whisk or spoon, stir or agitate the mixture until it dissolves evenly.

PS. As a rule, the water should be warm enough to melt the butter, but you should not allow it to heat to boiling point.

Step 3

In Step 1, you made the hash into tiny pieces, right? Now put the hash into the melted mixture of water and butter. Let the new mixture (water, butter and hash) simmer as much as possible. There will be no harm if you whisk the mixture a little bit. 

If you notice the mixture changing its color into brownish-green, you are on the right track. 

Hash butter nerds argue that the longer you continue to simmer the mixture at low heat, the better the potency you achieve. For that reason, you could simmer the mixture for more than 30 minutes. 

Ideally, the best hash butter simmers for up to 4 hours.

Hash butter recipe steps

Step 4

After your 30 minutes or 4 hours are over, it is time to check the simmered mixture. By now, there is no doubt that the mixture has blended well. The next thing would be to put the simmered mixture inside an airtight and heatproof container.

Place this mixture inside your refrigerator. You can allow the mixture to rest in the refrigerator between 2 hours and 12 hours. Some people leave the mixture in the refrigerator the entire night.

fridge

Step 5

When you finally open the airtight container, you will see that the hash and butter have teamed up but separated from the water. Using a clean piece of cloth or a towel, pour the separated water out of the mixture. The piece of cloth guards against the loss of butter when draining the water.

Step 6

It is time to use paper towels to dry your hash butter. Please ensure no water or moisture are left in the butter. You can now put your butter into the airtight container for the second time. You can store your butter in the container for 60 days. Your butter won’t go bad.

The Bottom Line

After going through this guide on how to make hash butter, it is evident that the process of making hash butter is not boring, to say the least. But at least now, you can make it yourself in the comfort of your home. For a Youtube video about how to make hash butter click here.

How much hash per stick of butter?

If you are interested in a very potent high, use 6+ grams of hash per stick of butter. For a moderate high, 3 to 5 grams of hash per stick of butter is recommended. If you are just looking for a mild high, then using between 2 to 3 grams of hash per stick rocks.

How to make edibles without butter or oil

You can make edibles without butter or oil by adding your decarbed weed to your preferred meal. You however need to ensure the activation of the cannabinoids (THC and CBD) is over and be wary of the dosage. When weed is decarbed and infused in a meal or a pill, it’s easy for you to overdose it.

How to make thc butter with levo

  • Decarboxylate your weed, break it into smaller pieces and pack it inside a herb pod
  • Place the pod in a LEVO unit
  • Slice 4 sticks of butter, place it in the reservoir and close the lid
  • Set the LEVO to 78℃ and infuse for 60 mins
  • Dispense the infusion in a glass jar and strain it
  • Store that THC butter in a fridge.

How to make cannabutter with dry ice hash

  • Decarboxylate 2gms of dry ice hash
  • Break the decarboxylated dry ice hash into smaller chunks
  • Melt a single stick of butter and dissolve the decarbed dry ice hash in it
  • Simmer the mixture for around 10 minutes and use a silicone spatula to scrape the bottom until the butter melts and dissolves
  • After bubbling, the cannabutter is ready.

How to make edibles without butter

To make edibles without butter, decarboxylate your weed and make some coconut milk. Mix the decarbed weed and coconut milk. Stir the mix and heat it under low temperatures for an hour. Strain the coconut milk to do away with the weed and drink it warm. Keep the remaining milk in the fridge.

Disclaimer: This content is meant for educational purposes only. It has been compiled with research from external sources. it is not meant to substitute any medical or legal advice. Please see your local laws for the legality of cannabis use.



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New York CAURD: License Application Scoring and Selection – Part 2

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We recently examined the Office of Cannabis Management (“OCM”) scoring criteria for eligible Conditional Adult-Use Retail Dispensary (“CAURD”) applicants. Provided certain minimum requirements are met, the top scoring applicants who rank a given region as their first preference will be selected for a provisional license in that region– up to the number of allocated licenses in that region.

The foregoing is vital because CAURD applicants cannot otherwise select their own real estate or region. Instead, regions are selected by the OCM. This begs the questions: 1) what regions can I select, and 2) how can I beat the competition for my preferred region?

During the application for a CAURD license, applicants are able to select up to five (5) regional preferences from the fourteen (14) listed regions within the State of New York for a dispensary location. The allocations for each region will be announced at a later date. The regions of New York State are: Bronx, Brooklyn, Capital Region, Central NY, Finger Lakes, Long Island, Manhattan, Mid-Hudson, Mohawk Valley, North Country, Queens, Richmond, Southern Tier, and Western NY.

Within each region, applicants will be ranked by scores, as described in the Scoring Criteria detailed here. The top scoring applicants who rank that region as their first preference, up to the number of allocated or available licenses in that region, will be selected for a provisional license in that region.

Nonprofit provisional licensees will be selected only from the top scoring applications of this type and will not be mixed with the business criteria applicants. The OCM also noted that because of the anticipated smaller number of nonprofit licensees, these applicants will be selected within only two regional pools: New York City and the rest of New York State.

In the event of a tie between applicants where issuing a license to each applicant that had a tied score would exceed the limit on licensees in a given region, a random selection process will be used. The order in which applicants are randomly selected will be their final selection sequence and will determine who is granted a provisional license.

If a region does not reach its CAURD license allocation after all applicants have been selected for a provisional license based on their first regional preference, then the top scoring applicants who chose that region as their second regional preference will be considered for a provisional license in that region. If necessary, third, fourth, or fifth regional preferences will be considered until the region has reached its license allocation.

In the strangest about-face as it relates to the immediately preceding paragraph, the OCM noted that the selection process will prioritize assigning applicants to their first regional preference, even if that means an applicant would be put on a waitlist for a location in that region. Applicants on a waitlist for a location in a region will not be considered for selection in another region where they ranked lower on their application.

It appears that applicants may remain on a waitlist for their top region instead of being awarded their second ranked region. Hopefully the OCM will offer some clarity on the difference between being waitlisted for a first-choice region versus receiving a license in a second-choice region.

Stay tuned for any updates to the scoring criteria or the selection process as the OCM continues announcing their rules, regulations, and selection process.



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