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The Strains That Made 420: What the Waldos Smoked



420 is the single most recognizable thing about cannabis culture. And it wouldn’t exist without a group of hooligans named the Waldos who got together at 4:20 pm every day to get stoned and go search for a secret patch of cannabis.

Recently, I hopped on a call with Waldo Dave Reddix and Waldo Jeff Noel to discuss the Waldos origin story, as well as some of their favorite strains during the early 1970s and 1980s.

The Waldos origin story

The Waldos are a group of five friends from Northern California. The members include Steve Capper, Dave Reddix, Jeffrey Noel, Larry Schwartz, and Mark Gravich, better known as Waldo Steve, Waldo Dave, Waldo Jeff, Waldo Larry, and Waldo Mark. They all met at San Rafael High School, and the “Waldos” nickname came from a wall they’d hang out by outside of the school.

In 1971, the Waldos were blessed with a treasure map from a Coast Guard member. Apparently, he had planted a hidden patch of weed somewhere in the woods but was abandoning it, so he handed them a map that was supposed to lead directly to it. Every day for weeks, the Waldos would get together at 4:20 pm in front of the Louis Pasteur statue to get high and head out for the search — hence the name.

Did they ever find that mythical patch of ganja? Nope. But in that time, they did invent one of the most important codes in cannabis culture: 420.

“We went out there daily for weeks and weeks,” said Reddix. “We finally came to the conclusion that we’re not going to find this. The map was so ambiguous, it really didn’t give you any real clues to where this place was. We finally said, ‘Hey, why don’t we give up on this?’ It was getting close to when the crop was going to need to be picked or it was going to go bad. We’re not finding this, but we have found a new secret code that we can use in front of teachers, cops, family members, or whatever.”

Curious about the weed they were smoking at the time, I asked the Waldos if they remembered the strains they were smoking over five decades ago.

These are the strains that made 420.

South American and Mexican strains

A lot of the weed that the Waldos smoked during the invention of 420 were South American and Mexican landrace strains. “There really weren’t a lot of strains back then. Most of them were Mexican and South American,” Reddix said.

“It was the location, not brands. Guerrero, Oaxaca, Jalisco, that’s where the stuff actually came from. Nowadays, you see Purple Dream and Sugar Bears,” Noel added.

Panama Red

By the late 1970s and early ’80s, the Waldos told me that they started to get into strains that had actual names. Panama Red was one of the first named strains they smoked. It’s a sativa cannabis strain that originated in Panama and has a citrus and earthy flavor profile. It’s known to potentially produce an uplifting and euphoric type of high.

Find Panama Red strains

Acapulco Gold

“My favorite [strain] back then was probably Acapulco Gold,” said Reddix. Acapulco Gold is a landrace strain that is native to Acapulco, Mexico. It is known for its pungent woody, earthy, and coffee-like flavor profile.

Smoke some Acapulco Gold and you might feel a mix of uplifting and creative effects, which makes it a great strain for daytime use.

Find Acapulco Gold strains

Colombian Gold

Colombian Gold is a location-named strain from the South that the Waldos were smoking. It’s a landrace strain that grows in the Santa Marta Mountains of Colombia and is a sativa, like most of the cannabis strains from that part of the world.

Colombian Gold reeks of skunk, citrus, earth, and pine terpenes. The high is intended to make you feel happy, relaxed, and uplifted.

Find Columbian Gold strains

Maui Wowie

Eventually, more landrace strains were discovered and brought over to Northern California for cultivation. Hawaiian sativas and strains like Maui Wowie (or Maui Waui) started growing in popularity. “The first really potent weed was the Hawaiian strains,” shared Noel.

Maui Wowie is a Hawaiian landrace strain born in Maui, Hawaii. It has a sweet, tropical terpene profile, and the effects tend to be very potent. It might have you feeling happy, relaxed, and uplifted. Waldo Dave and Waldo Jeff told me that it was one of the first strains that really packed a super punch.

Find Maui Wowie strains

Thai sticks

The Waldos were big fans of Thai sticks. Thai sticks are flower on a stick, wrapped in weed leaves, and tied together with a hemp string. They were made with Thai weed, which refers to landrace cultivars from Thailand.

Thai strains are thought to be pure sativas. The flowers usually kick out an earthy, spicy, and lemony type of terpene profile, while the effects most commonly make people feel uplifted, creative, and energetic. This is why strains with Thai genetics are often recommended for daytime use.

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The Drop: 5 New Weed Strains for July 2022




The Drop is Danté Jordan’s column rounding up all the can’t-miss strains from the brands that put out super fire. This month’s column looks at anticipated releases from Wizard Trees x Deep East, Fig Farms, Winners Circle Genetics, and more.

You know the game. A new month and a fresh list of strains worth your time, money, and lungs.

Here are five strains hitting dispensaries in July.

Wizard Trees x Deep East: Zoap

Zoap claimed the “Best Overall” trophy at the Zalympix Championship this year, so you should definitely peep it whenever you can. Zoap is a cross of Rainbow Sherbert and Pink Guava. It was bred and selected by Deep East (DEO Farms) and grown by Wizard Trees. Zoap’s been a work in progress since Winter 2015; Deep East was growing the strain for three years before giving a cut of it to Wizard Trees on some ahh ahh ahh, gang-gang type shit.

As you can guess by its genetics, Zoap has a mix of candy gas and floral flavors. About the Zoap experience, Scott from Wizard Trees said, “I have smoked thousands of phenos from all different seed stock. The first time I smoked Zoap, I knew it would change my life. This is by far the most enjoyable strain I’ve ever smoked, both taste and high.”

You’ll be able to catch Zoap dropping all over California, but especially at the Cookies Melrose location.

Available: California

Fig Farms: Moonana Wreck

Fig Farms goes dumb. I first tried its flower a couple of years back when I burned down an eighth of Blue Face. Shit had me stupid stoned. Anything I’ve had from it since was of the same quality, especially that Moonana Wreck.

Moonana Wreck was originally bred by Fig Farms in May 2020. It’s a cross of Banana Fig and Moon Drops 103 #1, and the flower smells and tastes pretty citrusy. Fig Farms describes that flavor as a mix of “Cantaloupe rind, blue gatorade, and Aquafresh toothpaste.” It expresses an abundance of pinene, linalool, humulene, terpinolene, caryophyllene, and limonene. Ya know, the usual suspects.

Fig Farms’ Moonanan Wreck produces some thick ass nugs. By the look of them, I expected to be laid down, but instead, the high was what people call uplifting. Just woke me up a bit, and all in all provided me with a great daytime high ahead of me catching a flight to Europe. Of the expected effects when consuming Moonana Wreck, Fig Farms said, “The high stimulates your mind helping with creativity; overall creating a sense of bliss and relief that washes over your whole body.”

Moonana Wreck is dropping all over California and will be available in Illinois and Arizona later this year.

Available: California

Winners Circle Genetics: 1942

That Birkinz from Winners Circle Genetics is crazy. So is that PB&J. So when it comes to its newest strain, 1942, you can expect the same.

1942 was bred in-house, and Winners Circle Genetics has been working to find a keeper for three years now. 1942 stinks of woody terpenes and gas. When you taste it, you’ll detect an added sweetness that gives the strain a very unique profile. On the type of effects you can expect, Winners Circle Genetics stated, “With its calming vibes and tingly body high this is a perfect strain to enjoy while chilling out on the couch after work.”

1942 drops at Winners Circle Genetics’ dispensary in July, as well as Cookies Oakland, Lighthouse in Coachella Valley, and The Coachella Releaf.

Available: California

Trinitrees Farm: Cherry Pie

Family. Do you remember the first time you smoked some Cherry Pie? How it felt? Shit had you so high that you had to lay on the floor in the Downward Dog position to gain control of yourself, right? I’m here to tell you that the classic feeling you get from some real deal Cherry Pie is available from Trinitrees Farm.

Cherry Pie has been around a minute — it’s a cross of Granddaddy Purple and F1 Durban. As you can imagine, it has sweet, cherry, and earthy flavors. What makes Trinitrees’ Cherry Pie special is its terpene content tested at 4.20%. You can smell it as soon as you enter the same room with a bagfull.

Past the bold terps, Cherry Pie smacks. It hit me with that heavy GDP relaxation that makes me need a nap before my body is willing to do anything else. If you’re in California, definitely keep a lookout for Trinitrees’ Cherry Pie or the Trinitrees’ Cherry Pie cartridge made in collaboration with Chemistry. If not that, the brand’s Blueberry Muffins is also stupendous.

Available: California

Sluggers: Apples and Bananas

Sluggers is a new brand from Natura. It has two types of joints and blunts: JUICED*, which is triple-infused, and Natural: Just Grass, which is only flower. Each type comes in nine total strains.

I caught a few Sluggers gifts on my way out of Hall of Flowers: Palm Springs in May. Of them all, that Natural: Just Grass 2G blunt I was given was the supreme champion. Shit burned smooth through and through — and the flavor was amazing. After hitting Sluggers to see what was in the blunt, I’m delighted to find out it was Apples and Bananas, and also that Sluggers drops it in July.

Apples and Bananas isn’t a new strain, but it’s definitely fire when you get it from the right growers. It was originally created from a Compound Genetics and Cookies collaboration.

Apples and Bananas is a cross of Platinum Cookies and Granddaddy Purple that has a fruity and gassy type of flavor. If you haven’t had Apples and Bananas, that Sluggers blunt is an excellent way to finally try it.

Available: California

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New Weed Products from Khalifa Kush, Tsumo, and more




With so many great cannabis brands releasing exciting new products in new markets, it can be hard to keep track of every release or event. So we’re rounding up a few significant happenings in the industry. This week, we look at releases by B Noble and more. 

Tsumo Snacks: new 100mg snack bags

Available in California, Tsumo Snacks is now offering its savory chips in 100 milligram THC bags. Offerings include infused tortilla chips, crunchy cheesy sticks, and more. 

Available: California

Khalifa Kush: product expansion to Michigan

Since June 25, consumers in Michigan can find Khalifa Kush products on shelves at all Gage brand dispensaries throughout the state. 

Available: Arizona, California, Michigan, Nevada, and Utah 

B Noble: pre-roll expansion to New Jersey

Founded by Fab 5 Freddy and presented by Curaleaf, B Noble’s 2-pack pre-rolls are now available in New Jersey. Consumers can find them in three different strains: Azazel (sativa), Bittersweet (hybrid), and Apple Sundae (hybrid), and 10% of proceeds go to organizations fighting for justice for incarcerated people affected by the war on drugs. 

Available: Arizona, Colorado, Illinois, Massachusetts, Maryland, Michigan, Nevada, New Jersey, and New York

Flower by Edie Parker: limited-edition egg print vape

Edie Parker just released a new fried egg print vape wand available throughout the summer as a limited-edition cannabis accessory. 

Available: Nationwide

Garden Society: new sun-grown pre-rolls

Dubbed “Rosettes,” Garden Society has released its new sun-grown THCV mini pre-rolls in select dispensaries across California. In partnership with Emerald Spirit Botanicals, you can find the pre-rolls in packs of 10 featuring the Pink Boost Goddess strain. 

Available: California

Hannah is an Oregon-based writer and editor. She’s worked in the cannabis industry for over five years and continues to learn and explore.

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Coffee and Weed: How THC and Caffeine Interact




As two of the most commonly consumed psychoactive chemicals in the world, it’s no wonder that people have started mixing weed with their coffee to achieve the ultimate Saturday morning high.

But what exactly happens when you mix coffee and weed?

Learn more about the research around mixing caffeine and THC/CBD and explore six tips for waking and baking.

What happens when you mix caffeine and cannabis?

Both caffeine and cannabis have the power to impact the ways in which we experience the world around us. Combining the two can create compounded effects on the body and mind due to the impacts of each individually. Caffeine influences our adenosine receptors, which stimulate the central nervous system (CNS) and dilates blood vessels, while compounds in cannabis influence the body’s multi-faceted endocannabinoid system (ECS) and actually inhibits the CNS.

While you might think the effects of each may cancel each other out, this is not necessarily the case. What happens when you mix coffee and weed consumption ultimately depends on a variety of factors, including the exact cannabinoids you consume, your individual ECS, your tolerance, and the methods of delivery and dosing you choose.

The truth is, that mixing coffee with weed impacts everyone differently. For some, caffeine can drastically improve a cannabis high. One 2017 animal study suggests that simultaneous intake of weed and coffee increases levels of vital CNS neurotransmitters, including the “feel-good” chemical dopamine, leading to feelings of euphoria.

Anyone who’s ever enjoyed a joint with their morning cup o’ joe knows how harmonious the flavors and aromas of each affect the sensory level. It’s also possible that active compounds in cannabis work to stimulate adenosine receptor activity, which could enhance a caffeine buzz.

Coffee and THC

Anecdotal evidence suggests that pairing THC with coffee can help enhance its energizing effects. Those who prefer waking and baking with THC report feelings of increased energy, alertness, creativity, and motivation. And from a 2011 animal study, low levels of caffeine may enhance and prolong a cannabis high.

Conversely, one 2018 clinical study examined metabolite levels in coffee drinkers and found that increased caffeine intake may actually slow down the endocannabinoid system from metabolizing at its normal rate, meaning the combo of coffee and weed may actually make it more difficult for you to relax.

THC combined with coffee can sometimes initiate overstimulation. Both coffee and weed are known to increase heart rate and have the potential to produce anxiety when consumed in excess. And caffeine may promote the cognitive impairment caused by THC, according to a 2013 study published in the Journal of Caffeine Research.

A 2012 study published in the British Journal of Pharmacology found that combining weed with caffeine could impair short-term memory in rats. Researchers found that caffeine worsens memory deficits caused by low doses of THC, even more than a higher dose of THC on its own. So when pairing THC with coffee, consumers should be mindful of starting low and going slow.

Coffee and CBD

Is CBD any different? With endless product testimonials and five-star reviews, CBD-infused coffee drinks have become very popular in recent years. Anecdotal evidence suggests that the combination of CBD and coffee can increase a person’s alertness and focus, but without the jittery buzz typical felt from coffee.

When used on its own, CBD might help reduce anxiety, increase focus, and stimulate intense relaxation. In low doses, CBD may be stimulating, which can pair nicely with caffeine for some. One 2020 study on rats supports the claim that CBD may help calm anxiety initiated by caffeine, producing an alert yet placid buzz.

However, those who consume THC and CBD for serious medical purposes should avoid dosing with coffee, as accurate, stable dosing may be more difficult to achieve.

6 tips for waking and baking

Now that you understand a little bit of the science behind the legendary wake n’ bake, here are a few tips to help you achieve that harmonious balance between caffeine buzz and weed high.

Understand how weed and caffeine impact you

Before mixing weed with your coffee, it’s critical to gauge an understanding of how each affects you individually. Remember that everyone experiences weed and caffeine subjectively.

As long as you’ve established a healthy mental and physical relationship with both caffeine and cannabis, and you are in the clear medically, you can consider mixing the two. (As always, this article is for informational purposes only and not intended as medical advice. Please consult your physician before starting or changing any medical treatment.)

Start low and go slow

When dosing weed with your coffee, you’ve probably heard time and time again how incredibly important it is to start low and go slow. Begin with small doses of cannabis, whether it’s THC or CBD, and gradually work your way up if you need. This is particularly important when it comes to mixing cannabis and caffeine, because of the heightened chance for anxiety.

Learning how to dose your weed and coffee requires trial and error, and starting low and going slow will help you fine-tune your perfect wake n’ bake.

Try different delivery methods

Keep in mind that dosing with different delivery methods will produce varying effects. For example, smoking versus vaping weed can produce different highs, while also impacting the taste and overall sensory experience of your wake n’ bake. Additionally, research shows that coffee and edibles are both metabolized in the liver and may influence one another, meaning this combination might have the potential to produce even stronger, longer-lasting effects. No matter what, remember to start low and go slow.

Track your consumption and experiences

Keep track of cannabis strains, dosing, and delivery methods that work (and don’t) for you. Documenting your experiences using a journal or an app can help you establish helpful patterns and learn how to properly dose your wake n’ bake to tailor to your needs.

Once you have an idea of what works for you, you can play around with the ratios of weed to coffee, new cultivars, and more.

Be mindful

When it’s time to wake and bake, use it as a form of self-care and mindfulness. Use this morning ritual as a time to check in with yourself.

Shop from reputable brands

Mixing weed with coffee yourself isn’t the only option. Fortunately, many reputable brands have started coming out with cannabis-infused coffees and goodies. Do your research before choosing a brand of cannabis-infused coffee or tea to try and only purchase from licensed manufacturers to ensure that what you’re consuming is safe and effective.

Bottom line

When paired mindfully, mixing a little weed with your coffee can spice up any morning. But, at the end of the day, it’s essential to keep in mind that everyone responds to both cannabis and coffee differently, so experiences with this combination can vary quite a bit. While several animal studies have been conducted to determine the effects of weed and caffeine on the body, much more research on human subjects is needed.

Start low and go slow when you’re starting out with coffee and cannabis, and stay mindful of your own body’s reaction.

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