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Wait, A Big Pharma Medical Study Now Says Marijuana is Causing Heart Attacks and Strokes in People That Regularly Use Cannabis?



cannabis causes heart attacks and strokes

The cannabis world was taken back by a anti-pot headline claiming cannabis increases your chance of a heart attack or stroke by 34%.  The study implies weed is killing stoners by obesity and heart attacks while all the data says those facts just aren’t true.

What is going on here? decided to do a point vs counter point, let’s start with the “big news” to start article and what was put out there as a medical study.  Then, let’s take a deep dive into the facts vs sketchy details.

Shall we begin?

Regular Marijuana Use Increases Heart Failure Risk By 34%, Study Shows.

AHA members will hear presentations from two new studies that show regular marijuana use has been linked to an increased risk of heart-related problems such as heart attack, heart failure, and stroke. The AHA convention is being held in Philadelphia. Although these results suggest a link between marijuana use and cardiovascular issues, it’s important to remember that more investigation is required to establish causality and have a better understanding of the health effects of cannabis usage.


Heart Attack and Stroke Risk


The first study, led by Dr Avilash Mondal and his research team, sought to shed light on the potential link between marijuana use and an increased risk of heart attacks and strokes. Focusing on a population of individuals aged 65 and older, the study analyzed data from nearly 29,000 marijuana users who did not smoke traditional tobacco cigarettes.


In their investigation, the researchers found that 14% of this specific population experienced heart attacks or strokes. However, it’s important to emphasize that this study did not establish a direct causal relationship between marijuana use and these cardiovascular events. Instead, it highlighted a concerning association that warrants further exploration and research.


The study also uncovered specific risk factors that might contribute to this association. It revealed that individuals with cannabis use disorder who suffered heart attacks or strokes were more likely to have additional risk factors, such as being Black patients, individuals with AIDS, those with a history of alcohol or drug abuse, depression, or high blood pressure. These findings raise important questions about the potential role of marijuana in cardiovascular health, hinting at similarities with the adverse effects of cigarette smoking. Nonetheless, more research is needed to establish causation and fully comprehend the implications of these findings.


Heart Failure Risk


In the second study, spearheaded by Dr Yakubu Bene-Alhasan and his team from Medstar Health in Baltimore, researchers delved into the risk of heart failure associated with regular marijuana use. Their investigation encompassed a vast dataset, including information from 157,000 marijuana users, allowing for a comprehensive analysis.


Over a four-year follow-up period, the study unveiled a noteworthy finding: individuals who used cannabis on a daily basis had a 34% increased risk of developing heart failure compared to those who had never used the substance. What’s particularly striking about this discovery is that the elevated risk remained consistent across different demographic groups, including age, gender, and smoking history.


However, the study’s authors also made a significant observation when considering the presence of coronary artery disease. It appeared that when this pre-existing condition was taken into account, the risk of heart failure dropped slightly from 34% to 27%. This observation suggests a potential pathway from marijuana use to heart failure, indicating that further research is crucial to uncover the mechanisms behind this link.


Dr. Bene-Alhasan emphasized the importance of these results, encouraging more researchers to delve into the health implications of marijuana use, especially in terms of cardiovascular risk. While the findings are compelling, it’s essential to recognize that they do not definitively prove causation, leaving room for additional studies and investigations to validate and further explore these associations. These results emphasize the need for a better understanding of how marijuana may affect heart health.


Regular marijuana use has been associated with an elevated risk of heart-related issues, including heart attack, heart failure, and stroke, according to two recent studies scheduled for presentation at an upcoming meeting of the American Heart Association (AHA) in Philadelphia. While these findings indicate an association between marijuana use and cardiovascular problems, it’s essential to note that further research is needed to determine causation and better understand


Implications and Raising Awareness: Grasping Marijuana’s Impact on Heart Health


The emerging research findings regarding the potential connection between marijuana usage and cardiovascular well-being have far-reaching implications for individuals, healthcare professionals, and policymakers. Gaining an understanding of these implications is paramount for making informed decisions and addressing the potential health risks tied to marijuana consumption.


These studies emphasize the importance of spreading knowledge among the general public first and foremost. Those who use marijuana, whether for therapeutic or recreational purposes, should be aware of the possible risks to their cardiovascular system associated with its usage. This knowledge can enable people to make decisions supporting their health objectives and consider different medical treatment methods.


Healthcare practitioners play a pivotal role in this awareness campaign. Physicians and medical providers need to stay well-versed in emerging research and engage in discussions with their patients about the possible cardiovascular perils associated with marijuana use. Encouraging patients to have transparent conversations about their marijuana consumption and any pre-existing cardiovascular risk factors is essential.


Moreover, the results emphasize the need for additional investigation. Although some research indicates a possible link between marijuana usage and heart problems, the exact cause of the relationship is yet unknown. More research is essential to confirm these results and explore the underlying mechanisms in greater detail, including the possible involvement of coronary artery disease. These studies can help clarify the complex relationship between marijuana use and cardiovascular health.


Policymakers and public health organizations should also factor in this emerging evidence when formulating regulations and guidelines pertaining to marijuana use. It might be advisable to include cautions regarding potential cardiovascular risks on product labeling, akin to the health warnings displayed on cigarette packages. Public health campaigns can educate the public about the potential health hazards and promote responsible marijuana usage.


Bottom Line


A correlation has been observed between frequent marijuana usage and a higher risk of heart-related issues, such as heart attacks, heart failure, and strokes, according to recent research presented at the American Heart Association (AHA) conference. Even while these results are alarming, it’s important to understand that they do not prove a specific cause and effect. More research is required to investigate the underlying mechanisms and validate these relationships. The results of these research have implications for raising public, medical professional, and policymaker knowledge of the possible cardiovascular hazards linked to marijuana use. For those who use marijuana, having honest and open conversations with medical professionals is essential. Further research will help to elucidate the complex relationship between heart health and marijuana usage.


That was the headline America read on the anti-pot sites like CNN, but what is really going on in this study, let’s go through the facts and figure below..


When does Marijuana KILL you? -The Ghost of Anslinger Rises Again

Well folks, looks like reefer madness is alive and well in the hallowed halls of academia. The ghost of Harry Anslinger would be pleased to see the same old propaganda dressed up in lab coats peddled as “science” today. Some things never change.


As you know, debunking the latest round of hysterical anti-cannabis research is a hobby of mine at this point. I consider it a higher calling to dispel ignorance with facts and logic. Gotta keep the kids from swallowing whatever nonsense floats down the media pipeline these days.


So today we’ll be diving into a fresh new batch of sensational headlines warning marijuana will strike you down with strokes and heart attacks. Grab some popcorn and get ready to see prestige unravel.


I know, I know – not exactly shocking that the modern drug warriors cling to any sliver of data to prop up their tired narrative. It’s hard to teach old dogs new trips, even when the evidence against them is stronger than Sour Diesel.


But it never ceases to amuse me how far they’ll reach to frame cannabis as the new health menace coming for your children. Even as alcohol and tobacco continue racking up body counts in the millions. Always a fine line between comedy and tragedy.


Of course, behind the fearmongering, it’s usually just corporates pushing their pills while rubbing elbows with politicians. Can’t have folks medicating safely on their own supply, that would devastate pharma profits! Follow the money, friends.


You’d hope the lab coat folks would know better than parroting propaganda for clout and credentials. But alas, institution rarely cultivates wisdom or integrity. And the reefer madness zombie shambles on.


Well not to worry, your neighborhood cannabis skeptic is on the case, freshly baked and ready as ever to dismantle the latest drivel point-by-point. The abyss of ignorance calls out once more for illumination. Let us descend fearlessly towards knowledge together, shall we?



Well folks, let’s dig into this breaking reefer madness “research” striking fear about cannabis collapsing your dodgy tickers. Always pays to read past the screaming headlines before swallowing the clickbait.


Now I’m no fancy scientist, but a few glaring “red flags” stand out that make me scratch my head. Let’s explore, shall we?


First up – where are these alleged studies published? Oh, right…nowhere. They’re literally classified as “nonpublished” in the article. Very authoritative and peer-reviewed!


Nothing to see here folks, just some rando data coughed up at a conference. Totally the gold standard of research! But do go on about the extreme dangers.


Even better, the lead author admits the studies are purely “observational” and can’t actually prove causation. Correlation does not equal causation and all that jazz. But why let pesky details like that temper the fear factor?


Then we get the classic cherry-picking of any scrap of data remotely supporting an angle while ignoring contradicting info. Confirmation bias much?


For instance, alcohol and tobacco use wasn’t factored in apparently. Last I checked, those kill a few folks annually. And funny how decades of actual peer-reviewed research confirming cannabis’s neuro and cardio-protective benefits gets omitted.


Don’t even get me started on the absurd sensationalism of phrases like “cannabis use disorder” for anyone using weed regularly. Talk about loading language! According to this, half of seniors are now degenerate “abusers”. Reefer madness much?


And naturally, they admit these supposed risks mysteriously disappear when controlling for basic variables like high blood pressure. It’s almost like…unsafe older users with chronic conditions driving these correlations, not the spooky cannabis boogeyman? Radical thought, I know.


But details like that might deter the message – marijuana will murder your heart dead, full stop! It’s basically tobacco now, kids! Hello gateway drug circa 1936 rhetoric. Where’s the hysterical film reel footage?


I’m sure it’s entirely coincidence this laughable propaganda gets breathlessly promoted by corporate media who rely on Big Pharma advertising revenue. Total coincidence! No money trails here.


In summary – some highly questionable data of unclear significance gets spun into fearmongering clickbait to perpetuate the outdated reefer madness narrative. Tale as old as time.


But keep on fighting the good fight, noble researchers! Imaginary monsters must be slain to keep the populace controlled through fear, not empowered by facts. Otherwise they might start thinking freely, and we can’t have that now.


Back to the science laboratory for you to fabricate some more scare data. Be sure to avoid those pesky peer reviews – your corporate sponsors know best!



While cannabis often gets blamed for promoting laziness and poor physical health, accumulating scientific evidence reveals the opposite – marijuana consumers surprisingly tend to be more active with lower obesity rates.


In fact, hundreds of epidemiological studies over decades observe this consistent trend. Let’s examine some key findings exposing the “lazy stoner” stereotype as prohibitionist propaganda.


Back in 2011, a literature review in the British Journal of Pharmacology noted cannabis-using adults had “a lower prevalence of diabetes mellitus and a lower plasma HDL-C level” compared to non-users in large-scale studies. In other words, they were less likely to have metabolic disorders.


A 2015 study in the American Journal of Epidemiology followed over 33,000 Americans for 11 years. It found obesity rates were 33% lower among cannabis users compared to non-users. Interestingly, those who used cannabis longest in the study gained the least weight over time.


Researchers proposed cannabis may regulate weight gain by altering the body’s endocannabinoid system, which governs appetite and metabolism. The stereotype of the snacking stoner suddenly made little sense.


A 2016 study in Frontiers of Psychology quantified the exercise habits of cannabis consumers using accelerometer devices. Oddly enough, the data showed marijuana users engaged in more physical activity on average than non-users.


Other analyses echo these findings. A 2017 study in Drug and Alcohol Dependence found cannabis-using adults had 17% lower odds of obesity compared to never users. This was true even after adjusting for diet and lifestyle factors.


So despite the cliché image of the sluggish pothead, cannabis consumers consistently defy expectations by leading active lives. How does this track with claims that marijuana creates cardiac risk?


Firstly, proper causation has never been established, only loose correlations. But considering active lifestyles promote heart health, it’s odd cannabis would uniquely cause problems.


For instance, a 2006 study in the American Journal of Cardiology found cannabis-using adults performed better on treadmill tests than non-users, even those 15 years younger. Not what you’d expect for supposed cardiac cripples.


This matches a 2014 study in the Journal of Internal Medicine observing occasional cannabis consumers had lower insulin levels and smaller waist circumferences compared to abstainers. Again, indications of better metabolic fitness.


The pattern repeats at scale in epidemiological studies of tens of thousands of respondents. So the notion that cannabis paralyzes people into obesity and disease makes little sense given the weight of evidence.


At worst, marijuana appears neutral regarding physical activity and metabolic health. More likely, its consumers represent a demographic naturally inclined toward healthy living. The science has never supported outdated “Reefer Madness” stereotypes.


Of course, moderation remains wise as with any substance. And risks like psychological addiction exist with heavy use. But the myth of the lazy pothead who ruins their health is just that – a myth rooted in propaganda, not facts.


The data consistently shows cannabis users defy expectations by exercising more, maintaining better weight, and avoiding metabolic disorders compared to the general population.


So next time you encounter the trope of the inactive stoner, point to the overwhelming proof that it’s baseless rhetoric not reflecting reality. The active stoner is very real and going strong, despite the lingering misconceptions.



I have to laugh when shady studies claim weed’s somehow killing stoners via heart attacks and obesity. Because it contradicts reams of data showing cannabis consumers tend to be active folks with lower weights and metabolic issues. Someone failed Statistics 101.


Don’t get me wrong – I enjoy a questionable correlation to spice up a slow research day. But let’s be real – these scandalous conclusions are cooked up by suits looking to refresh prohibitionist rhetoric with a dash of pseudoscience.


Even with bottomless budgets to “prove the dangers”, the worst side effect they’ve pinned on cannabis after 50 years is extra pizza orders. Meanwhile, actual public health crises like alcohol and tobacco get a pass. Almost like there’s an agenda at play…


Make no mistake, these aren’t sober academics pursuing truth in good faith. They’re hacks paid by corporate masters to fabricate fear that sustains outdated policies killing more people than any joint ever could.


It’s time we call this greasy propaganda what it is – blatant mistruths distorting data to undermine a healing plant threatening pharmaceutical profits. But the people see through the haze.


The sticky bottom line is that truth will win out eventually, no matter how artfully spun. So consider the source next time shady stats demonize this sacred plant. And picture them sweating over messy datasets, desperately tweaking variables to vilify nature’s remedy.


The ghosts of Anslinger and his cronies still haunt hallways of power, churning out Reefer Madness for modern times. But the old lies burn up fast as the people wake to their healing birthright. So stay skeptical out there, friends. And blaze on towards the light of freedom.

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Are Stoners More Empathetic and Understanding to Other People’s Struggles?




cannabis and empathy

Baked and Benevolent: Are Stoners More Empathetic?


Picture the archetypal cannabis user – long hair, tye dye shirt, blissed-out gaze. Media tropes paint tokers as chilled out, easygoing free spirits gliding through life mostly unbothered. The friendly neighborhood pothead floating downstream without many worries.


Even old-school anti-drug hysteria casts the zonked stoner slouching on couches as harmlessly detached rather than violently unhinged. Fast food and vibes rank higher than much else in their lowered states of consciousness. Fairly nonthreatening overall despite the reefer madness descriptors.


And while obviously stereotyping varies widely among the immense diversity of human cannabis enthusiasts, a general vibe of relaxed benevolence does seem more prevalent compared to drinkers’ unpredictability or stim users’ fidgety edge.


Recent research now suggests substance behind the stoner serenity beyond just legendary cultivars like Blue Dream and Sour Diesel. Cannabinoids may directly enhance qualities like empathy according to new studies.


A 2023 clinical study found regular cannabis consumers demonstrate greater emotional intelligence and perspective-taking on written tests and brain imaging. Specifically, cannabis users showed more comprehension of others’ subjective emotional experiences over non-users when analyzed through MRI scans and assessments.


Researchers believe the plant’s effects on neural regions related to affective states may modulate social processing. In less technical terms – weed’s natural pharmacology seems to physically boost relatability and social intuition.


So the chilled out caring disposition of many stoners likely derives at least partially from biological mechanisms heightened by the plant. Turns out kind bud might truly kindle kindness!


Of course correlation still skirts causation. Pre-existing personality differences could draw more empathetic people to cannabis initially rather than vice versa. Or other confounds like lifestyle routine may contribute too.


But the preliminary data points clearly enough – from brain imaging to anecdotal stereotypes, cannabis seems connected to emotional intelligence and social bonding rather than apathy or isolation.


So let’s dive deeper into the study’s design and implications. Science may confirm what intuition already knows – passing a joint opens hearts and minds to each other.


Talk about reefer gladness!



This provocative research came from a team of Mexican neuroscientists comparing empathy levels between regular cannabis consumers and non-users.


They utilized both written evaluations and MRI brain scans to assess various aspects of empathy. This combined subjective self-reporting with objective neuromapping to strengthen methodology.


The specific test employed breaks down empathic abilities into multifaceted competencies like emotional recognition, emotional comprehension, and cognitive perspective-taking. Researchers then examine them individually.


On the core Emotional Comprehension segment evaluating understanding of others’ subjective experiences, cannabis users scored significantly higher than control subjects. This suggests enhanced social intuition possibly stemming from cannabis components modulating key brain regions involved in affective processing.


The study cites the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) as one pivotal zone rich with cannabinoid receptors and deeply tied to emotional states. It theorizes cannabis may directly boost this area’s functions through its pharmacological binding effects, thereby expanding social-emotional insight.


As the lead researcher summarizes, “The differences in psychometric scores suggest that users have more empathic comprehension.”


Intriguingly, this matches earlier research the authors reference indicating frequent marijuana consumers often exhibit stronger emotional regulation abilities alongside regular use:


“Given previous studies of the effect of cannabis on mood and emotional detection, we believe that these results contribute to open a pathway to study further the clinical applications of the positive effect that cannabis or cannabis components could have in affect and social interactions.”


So in this lens, cannabis occupies a unique neurological niche aiding emotional clarity in various modalities – both internally and interpersonally. Far from deadening senses, it seems to energize social functioning through fine-tuned cannabinoid modulation.


Of course the study has limitations to contextualize. Participants self-reported their cannabis use; biochemical validation would strengthen methodology. Causation arguments also remain speculative absent longitudinal monitoring.


Equally, the Mexican-grown cannabis possessed far lower THC concentrations than modern American commercial cannabis strains. So effects observed may compound significantly with higher potency products.


Nonetheless, these provocative preliminary findings contribute one more plank towards dismantling outdated stereotypes. Rather than hampering relational capacities, cannabis appears intrinsically supportive given proper precautions and contexts.


This broader theme echoes through earlier research on cannabis enhancing runner’s highs and yoga practice via anti-inflammatory relief and mood elevation. The common motif suggests appropriately aligned biological synergy.


While more data is still needed, these snapshots illuminate potential mechanisms behind cannabis-induced empathy and wellbeing so culturally prevalent yet scientifically unestablished before.


The study authors summarize appropriately – “We believe that these results contribute to open a pathway to study further the clinical applications of the positive effect that cannabis or cannabis components could have in affect and social interactions.”



While more studies must replicate this research before changing paradigms, provocative possibilities emerge from cannabis positively influencing empathy. Might this plant tool improve conflict resolution and social harmony in mainstream settings if findings hold weight?


The deepest implications concern destigmatizing cannabis to leverage such benefits. Transformative potential awaits not just individually but societally once outdated prohibitions crumble to embrace cannabis consciousness wholeheartedly.


For example, imagine if clinicians could recommend marijuana adjunctively in couples counseling to foster perspective-taking and emotional vulnerability by lowering defenses. Arguing spouses may find warm reconciliation impossible without that empathic spark rekindled.


Under proper guidance, a shared dispensary experience may nurture reciprocal understanding and rehumanization – the true foundation for compromise. Once gripped by negativity, only opening hearts allows progress.


Or what if psychologists incorporated cannabis components into group talk therapy protocols to dissolve biases and forge interpersonal insights organically? By easing social barriers, long-unspoken truths flow freely to bind communities.


The criminal justice arena equally cries for reform through compassion. Mandating cannabis-literacy training for police and guards could radically transform enforcement from paramilitary excess towards connecting with civilians as fellow struggling humans.


Equally, allowing monitored cannabis access in prisons may alleviate violent tensions by awakening inmates and staff to shared fundamental realities beyond surface judgments – our universal search for purpose and belonging beyond bars. Recidivism rates could plunge accordingly.


politicians too might benefit personally and professionally from periodic cannabis-induced institutional empathy check-ins. Devoting monthly sessions to inhabiting voters’ realities could manifest transpartisan wisdom to guide policy. Leadership means deeply hearing those governed, after all.


Even global diplomacy and conflict resolution domains might incorporate elements of intercultural cannabis communion in the highest stakes negotiations. Breaking bread through bongs supersedes translators in building bridges between even the most alienated nations.


The principle animating such explorations suggests that recalibrating default consciousness states periodically can radically reshape what possibilities we process and priorities we honor collectively. Our mindsets dictate the world we co-create.


While still hypothetical, perhaps cannabis really does hold unique crossover potential to enrich emotional health both individually and societally after all. If so, transcending reductive stereotypes promises a paradigm shift through elevating human relations to sacred importance above all else.


Of course, risks and complexities abound regarding dosage, set and setting protocols, moral debates, etc for mainstream integration. But around the medicinal margins, some intriguing innovation already occurs. And the larger premise persists indelibly.


What if wider humility and goodwill indeed lives but a few tokes away?



Rather than instantly prescribing synthetic pharmaceuticals to address mood disorders or emotional issues, perhaps cannabis should occupy the second line of therapy – with lifestyle changes and holistic practices the first resort.


This honors the intrinsic wisdom of our evolved endocannabinoid system while maximizing natural self-healing capacity through commonsense wellbeing strategies – sleep, nutrition, community, physical movement, introspective practices like meditation or journaling, etc.


If such grounded rituals falter in managing trauma, anxiety and depression, cannabis then offers a safe supplemental ally for many before considering standard alienating psych meds. And should cannabis not lift the darkness, other empathogens like psilocybin may before serotonergic drugs.


This medically pluralistic framework thus places power and responsibility in clients’ hands rather than defaulting reflexively to diagnosing “chemical imbalances” treatable only through lifelong pill regimens at risk of zombification.


The emerging science confirms psychedelics’ disease potential uniquely through activating neuroplasticity, emotional sensitivity, social connectivity and sense of meaning frequently damaged in mood disorders – unlike numbing side effect-laden antidepressants.


So whether as daily microdosed companions or structured high-dose sessions, their value proposition strengthens against traditional Monopoly medicine waging war against symptoms rather than holistically nurturing people’s healing relationships within.


The sticky truth remains – our life matrix encompasses countless variables beyond assumed serotonin shortages extractable through isolate chemicals. Thus consciousness itself proves the master tool allowing navigation of many complementary modalities.


Cannabis and other plant teachers belong in this expanded care ecosystem as powerful catalysts realigning patients to their sovereign authority and primacy as psycho-bio-social beings against system perspectives.


If research continues confirming intrinsic mood and social benefits of cannabis, its adoption as first-line emotional aid only quickens. The plants stand ready to uplift human hearts and minds through inner alignment above all modern pharmaceutical promises. And the people seem hungry for this reclaimed power.


The pandemic of despair will turn as the second Renaissance of cannabis dawns. All that awaits is shedding the last vestiges of fear still clouding clinical conservatism from welcoming this ageless ally home as divine healer reborn. But the momentum gains speed.





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How AI Could Finally Solve the Cannabis Breathalyzer and DUI Impairment Testing Riddle




cannabis DUI and AI

AI: The Solution To Failed Breathalyzers?


For far too long, companies and researchers have put in tons of time and money into developing roadside breathalyzers to detect stoned drivers.

With the rapid spread of cannabis legalization around the United States, transportation officials and health authorities have quickly seen the importance of developing technology that can tell if a driver is stoned or not.


It’s almost 2024, and truly reliable pot breathalyzers are nowhere in sight. Breathalyzers just don’t work – if they do, not as well – in detecting THC levels in the body of a driver the way that it detects alcohol. While the use of breathalyzers have been considered the gold standard for detecting alcohol consumption or usage, these systems can’t support the use of THC. Most traditional breathalyzers are made using fuel cell technology, which can gauge alcohol levels in one’s breath. It works simply by breathing on the fuel cell, which then produces electrical currents depending on how much alcohol one consumed.  Brain scans may be used with AI in the future to determine if someone is “too high” to drive.


Fuel cell technology is effective and successful for alcohol detection even if it still has limitations. Breathalyzers have been around since 1954, but such a use for pot isn’t as simple.

There are many reasons why cannabis breathalyzers have failed, but it’s mostly because of the fact that marijuana can stay in human bodies for months at a time, when they are no longer high. So in essence, there’s no simple way to accurately gauge how stoned a person is at a moment.


However, it looks like artificial intelligence may have a chance to change all that.


A recent study conducted by researchers at the Stevens Institute of Technology analyzed smartphone data from both marijuana consumers and non-users. Marijuana users were asked to report each time they partook of weed, and how intoxicated they were using a scale of 1-10. In addition, the researchers compared more than 100 sensory data such as noise, location, and movement which was picked up by their mobile phones.


What they found was surprising: there is a stark contrast among the data between users and non-users. There were significant differences in the data between the two, especially when it comes to the time consumers reported they were stoned.


“Smartphones with mobile sensors are universal and can track our behavior in an unobtrusive way,” explains Sang Won Bae, lead researcher and an assistant professor at the Stevens Institute of Technology. “They are not a distraction, you don’t have to wear them, and the data they collect can potentially prevent poor decision-making when under the influence,” he adds.


According to the researchers, using AI has the chance of predicting how stoned a person is with 90% accuracy as long as it follows training from smartphone data. This technology has already been used to gauge impairment from other drugs as well as alcohol.

“It’s important to give people the chance to change their behavior before something negative happens,” says Bae. “This study aims to predict human behavior as a way to support people while physically or cognitively impaired.”


The AI technology, called Light Gradient Boosting Machine, increased accuracy from 67% to 90% when researchers added in data such as the time of day, and day of the week. If relying on time factors only, the learning model can predict impairment with 60% accuracy.


“We tested the importance of time features (i.e. day of the week, time of day) relative to smartphone sensor data only on model performance, since time features alone might predict ‘routines’ in cannabis intoxication,” reads the study.

“This exploratory study demonstrated the feasibility of using smartphone sensor data to detect subjective cannabis intoxication in the natural environment among young adults,” the study says. “Smartphone sensor data contributed unique information, over and above time features, to detect subjective cannabis intoxication.”


Artificial intelligence is proving to be more promising for the cannabis industry each day – especially when it comes to measuring impairment. There are other companies that are experimenting on this, such as Predictmedix AI, a Toronto-based health firm that has developed technology merging machine learning, sensor technology, and computer vision with artificial intelligence.


A hallmark feature of their AI technology is its ability to detect impairment using delicate algorithms that involve scanning a person’s behavior and appearance, looking for even the most restrained cues – within 30 seconds.


Why Is It Dangerous To Drive Stoned?

Cannabis legalization isn’t going to slow down anytime soon. The research proving just how valuable cannabis is therapeutically and medically continues to grow, and it’s helping millions of people live a life free of chronic pain, depression, anxiety, old-age conditions, epilepsy, and so much more!

On top of that, pot has proven to be a terrific substitute for alcohol. It’s much safer and healthier, so it’s no surprise why more people have taken up the habit of smoking weed instead of getting high.


However, one area where neither drinking nor smoking pot is safe is in the department of driving. Whether you operate machinery or need to drive to and from work and other locations, driving while stoned is not recommended.


Yes there are a lot of seasoned stoners who can drive safely – but given the sheer volume of new cannabis users out there, it is just doesn’t make sense to risk your life and the safety of others on the road by driving stoned. That’s why cannabis-legal states have had to look out for impairment tests for weed too.





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How Can You Tell If the Weed You Just Bought is Laced with Any Chemicals or Sprayed with Any Contaminants?




sprayed or tainted cannabis buds

Industries across the board strive to enhance the perceived quality of their products while simultaneously reducing costs and boosting revenue. In sectors that operate in a legal gray area or outright illegality, the absence of regulations and oversight creates an environment where individuals can augment products with minimal accountability or consequences.


Regrettably, the cannabis industry is not exempt from this phenomenon. In some instances, growers and distributors may opt to lace or spray marijuana to give the impression of increased potency, enhanced appeal, or greater density. While these interventions are often superficial and relatively benign, there are situations where they can pose a substantial risk to consumers of the contaminated cannabis.

Laced Weed

Laced weed refers to cannabis that has been augmented with additional psychoactive substances. Frequently, growers or dealers undertake this practice to create the illusion of significantly increased potency. Disturbingly, there is a rising trend in the United States involving instances of fentanyl-laced weed.

Even minute quantities of fentanyl can have an overpowering impact, creating the illusion of exceptionally high potency. Given the extreme danger associated with fentanyl and its propensity for causing overdoses, cannabis laced with fentanyl poses a genuine threat.

Alternatively, dealers may lace cannabis with synthetic cannabinoids akin to those found in substances such as K2 and Spice. Various synthetic cannabinoids are available, and their legal status varies depending on jurisdiction. Nevertheless, a common characteristic among them is their generally higher potency compared to natural THC, which can rapidly lead to addiction and induce psychotic effects.

Despite these concerns, it’s reassuring to note that laced weed is relatively rare. Instances of marijuana adulterated with more potent substances, such as fentanyl, are scarce, largely because most dealers recognize the associated dangers and are unwilling to jeopardize their customers’ lives or face legal consequences. Moreover, if you reside outside the United States, the likelihood of encountering such laced weed is even lower.

The frequency of encountering cannabis laced with synthetic cannabinoids remains uncertain. However, this practice is likely to become more prevalent, given its effectiveness in enhancing the perceived strength of low-quality weed while posing minimal risk to the dealer. With regulations on synthetic substances in a state of constant flux, unscrupulous dealers find it easier to navigate the boundaries of the law.

Despite these concerns, it’s reassuring to note that laced weed is relatively rare. Instances of marijuana adulterated with more potent substances, such as fentanyl, are scarce, largely because most dealers recognize the associated dangers and are unwilling to jeopardize their customers’ lives or face legal consequences. Moreover, if you reside outside the United States, the likelihood of encountering such laced weed is even lower.

The frequency of encountering cannabis laced with synthetic cannabinoids remains uncertain. However, this practice is likely to become more prevalent, given its effectiveness in enhancing the perceived strength of low-quality weed while posing minimal risk to the dealer. With regulations on synthetic substances in a state of constant flux, unscrupulous dealers find it easier to navigate the boundaries of the law.

Sprayed Weed

Sprayed weed refers to cannabis that has been treated with an additional spray containing various optional additives. Typically, these additives are applied to the marijuana to boost its weight, introduce artificial terpenes, alter its scent, or change its visual characteristics. The primary objective is not to modify the effects or endanger the user but rather to enhance profits and create the impression that the cannabis is of higher quality than it is.

However, some compounds utilized to achieve these enhancements can pose risks. Synthetic terpenes, in particular, are often not well-understood and may have adverse effects on the human respiratory system. Smoking already carries health implications, and introducing unknown artificial compounds into the mix further complicates the potential risks.

Unfortunately, in some cases, dealers resort to using virtually anything at their disposal to augment the weight of their cannabis, even incorporating contaminants like glue and, in unfortunate instances, glass. Additives of this nature are difficult, and it is strongly advisable to steer clear of them at all costs.

How Widespread is Adulterated Marijuana?

Regrettably, contaminated cannabis is quite pervasive in various forms. When purchasing marijuana on the street, the likelihood of encountering contaminants is relatively high. At the least harmful end of the spectrum, these contaminants might involve fungi, pesticides, or dirt and dust. However, even seemingly mild contaminants such as dirt and dust can present significant health hazards, particularly for individuals with conditions like allergic asthma.

In certain instances, you may encounter marijuana that has been intentionally laced or sprayed. It could contain additional drugs or toxic compounds to increase weight or enhance its visual and olfactory appeal. Cannabis subjected to such treatment can be exceedingly hazardous, leading to unpredictable and potentially fatal effects.

How to Tell if Weed is Contaminated

Determining whether your weed has been sprayed or laced can be challenging, and without access to a laboratory, it’s often difficult to be certain. However, there are discernible indicators to be mindful of. While these signs may not pinpoint the exact issue with your weed, they warn that something may have been added.

Important Note: The absence of visible or olfactory abnormalities doesn’t guarantee your weed is free from lacing or spraying. It’s crucial to exercise caution when dealing with weed from unfamiliar sources.

Identifying Laced Weed

If your cannabis induces unusually potent or unexpected effects, it may be laced with additives. Symptoms associated with laced weed include:

  • Pinpoint pupils (indicative of opioids)

  • Reduced heart rate (indicative of opioids)

  • Decreased breathing (indicative of opioids)

  • Lack of responsiveness (indicative of opioids)

  • Elevated heart rate (indicative of synthetic cannabinoids)

  • Racing thoughts and anxiety (indicative of synthetic cannabinoids)

  • Confused thought patterns (indicative of synthetic cannabinoids)

  • Potent effects that diminish within thirty minutes (indicative of synthetic cannabinoids)

  • Swift onset of intense effects, sometimes after just a few inhales (indicative of synthetic cannabinoids)

It’s worth noting that many of these effects can also occur when consuming regular weed, as THC is responsible for most of them. Therefore, before concluding that your weed is laced, it’s essential to pause and assess whether you might be experiencing a moment of panic.

Identifying Sprayed Weed

Identifying sprayed weed can be equally challenging through visual or olfactory cues, although it is often somewhat more discernible than laced weed. Sprayed weed may incorporate a variety of substances, so it’s essential to be vigilant for the following characteristics:

  • Excessive resinous appearance

  • Odor reminiscent of chemicals

  • Artificial and harsh taste

  • Overall visual or olfactory abnormalities

  • Extremely hard, compact, and shiny buds (indicative of potential hair spray use)

Tips for Avoiding Contaminated Cannabis

It’s crucial to avoid laced or sprayed weed for your well-being, but accessibility depends on your location and connections, ranging from easy to challenging. Finding a reliable source is highly recommended. Not only does it assure contaminants, but it also ensures clarity about the product being consumed.

Consider obtaining weed from a trusted grower, dispensary, or club, or explore growing it yourself. Growing your own weed guarantees purity as you oversee the cultivation process entirely. Additionally, it offers an enjoyable experience.


The increase in cannabis laced with drugs or sprayed additives for profit is concerning. While encountering drug-laced weed is rare, the likelihood of sprayed weed is higher. Contamination can occur at any stage, so trusting appearances alone is risky. Vigilance is crucial, and discarding suspicious weeds is recommended to avoid potential harm.





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