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What Does Sativa Do? And What Are The Best Strains?




Sativa strains have long been known to have potent psychedelic effects. This is the strain you would run to if you needed to have a creative breakthrough or if you need to work the graveyard shift. Though the effects of sativa strains are often desirable and helpful, sometimes they can literally cause the opposite effects.

What Is Sativa?

Most pure sativa strains are referred to as “landrace” or “heirloom” strains. What this means is that they are native to specific geographical regions across the world. Because of the conditions of these regions, they have evolved to contain specific physical and chemical properties best suited for the prevailing conditions.

Cannabis sativa strains are often native to tropical regions surrounding the equator. These regions typically have perfect climate, which has over time resulted in sativa strains growing robustly tall. Some strains might even grow to 20 feet.

Sativa plants are characterized by delicate narrow leaves with buds that are less dense than indicas and appear to be almost fluffy.

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Sativa strains usually contain higher THC:CBD ratios. This, however, is not a rule cast in stone. The THC that often accompanies sativa strains causes intense cerebral highs that could sometimes even get psychedelic.

Sativa strains are often used to treat mental and emotional disorders like depression.

The Classic Sativa High

The sativa high can be described as being a “head high” that has an energizing, invigorating effect. The sativa high increases mental focus and creativity and can greatly assist in reducing stress and fatigue.

The intake of certain cannabis sativa strains has an effect on the release of dopamine in your brain. Dopamine is a hormone that is intricately involved in several bodily functions including digestion and blood flow. Dopamine is often referred to as the “feel good” hormone. This is because when its release is intensified and it floods the system, it might temporarily lead to feelings of euphoria. It also enhances alertness, focus and motivation.

Dopamine increases the emotional connection between the subject and stimulus thus creating good feelings in the anticipation of a reward.

What does “a sativa high” feel like?

As we have previously discussed, the consumption of sativa strains produces a “mind high”. This high is characterized by:

  • High energy levels
  • A reduction in anxiety
  • An increase in productivity
  • Heightened creativity
  • Mental stimulation
  • Social acuity

A high from the sativa plant will ensure you are energized with an increase in productivity and focus. If you have that piled heap of work to do at the office, this is the kind of strain you should use.

When taken in moderation, sativa strains will be of great benefit to you and practically give you a new lease of life (okay, for the duration when you’re high)

However, if taken in excess, it could practically knock you out, as well as have other effects on you.

RELATED: What Is Cannabis Indica? And Which Strains Are Best?

Sativa highs can also be referred to as a “social high”. This means that once you are high on a sativa strain you can consider yourself to be a social butterfly. Your inhibitions will fall off as well as you being particularly chatty and friendly.

Unlike indica strains, sativa strains will make you feel more stimulated than relaxed. If you are feeling tired and apathetic, a sativa high will act as the infusion of energy you need to complete whatever task is at hand.

Sativa strains also make the user feel serene and have a feeling of well-being. Together with the other positive effects we have described, this makes sativa strains ideal for daytime use.

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Best Sativa Strains

There are many sativa strains as there are breeders, and then some. Sativa strains differ in appearance and effect but we have listed for you the most popular ones:

  • Jack Herer
  • Durban Poison
  • Sour Diesel
  • Tangie
  • Super Silver Haze
  • Green Crack
  • Strawberry Cough
  • El Patron
  • Hulkberry
  • Shogun

Sativa Vs. Indica

As we discussed at the start of this article, properties of cannabis are determined by how they have evolved mainly due to where they originated from. In this regard, sativa strains differ from indica strains of cannabis mainly by their appearance and effects.

Although both indica and sativa strains happen to be subspecies of Cannabis sativa L., they have very distinct differences.

  • Sativa strains are known to produce uplifting and energizing highs while indica strains produce relaxing highs that could even have a “couch lock” or sedative effect.
  • While the high induced by sativa strains is called a “head high”. Those induced by Indica strains are referred to as being “stoned” or having a “body high”.
  • While sativa strains induce mental focus, creativity, euphoria and social acumen, indica highs are deeply relaxing, enhance the touch, smell and sound and do not inspire any activity.
  • While sativa strains should ideally be used in the daytime, indica strains are best used at night, just before bed time.
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Positive Effects of Sativa

Elevates Mood

Sativa strains usually have the effect of uplifting one’s mood and in some cases even making one deliriously happy. Though this is not a “one size fits all” scenario, and some people might actually be unaffected, it is a pretty common effect. As explained earlier, sativa causes the influx of dopamine which results in feelings of happiness and satisfaction. If you are feeling down in the dumps, you should certainly consider a sativa strain.

Increases Energy

Another positive effect of taking sativa strains that occurs quite commonly is a sharp increase in both energy levels and productivity. Inhaling sativa will increase your focus, spark your creativity and promote your social interactions. If you are feeling apathetic and need that boost of energy to help you clear your desk, this is the direction in which you should be headed.

Improves Appetite

Though cannabis in general is known to improve appetite, sativa strains are particularly potent in this area. Studies conducted over time have shown its efficacy in this area.

As a matter of fact, one scientific publication made note that “…the ability of [C. sativa] to promote eating has been documented for many centuries … [many users report] strong cravings for, and an intensification of, the sensory and hedonic properties of food.” Put in layman’s language, consuming sativa strains will make your appetite go through the roof!

Helps with Depression

Sativa strains are legendary “pick-me-ups”. Given their characteristics of increasing energy levels, lowering apathy, elevating mood and euphoria, they can effectively deal with the symptoms and effects of depression.

RELATED: Indica Or Sativa: Which Is Best To Treat Anxiety?

Patients who have been diagnosed with depression usually have difficulty in finding joy in the mundane everyday situations. They are constantly overwhelmed by a sense of hopelessness and apathy where nothing seems worthwhile. The effects of sativa can take users into the recesses of their minds where for a moment they get taken out of that situation and break the cycle of dark thoughts. This could eventually lead to the symptoms decreasing as well as users finding better ways to cope and recover.

Promotes Creativity and Focus

As previously discussed, no other strain of cannabis gets the creativity juices flowing as much. Not only will you have a stream of fresh, brilliant ideas, you will also experience better focus and have more tolerance to complete tasks.

Sativa strains are also great for patients suffering from attention disorders like ADHD as it improves their focus enough for them to complete a task.

RELATED: Does Smoking Weed Help You Concentrate And Improve Productivity?

While consuming sativa strains for their positive effects, it is important to note than the same exact strain and amount could have very different effects on the same person. This could be based on age, weight, metabolism, health and other factors. Therefore, break yourself in by regulating the amount you take until you get to a point where you are most comfortable.

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Negative Effects of Sativa

Like with any powerful medicine, ingesting cannabis, especially in the excess can lead to a number of unpleasant side effects. While these effects can be inspired by both indica and sativa strains, they are mostly triggered by the ingestion of sativa strains.

Anxiety and Paranoia

The interaction of THC with the body’s ECS (endocannabinoid system) can have profound positive effects as we have discussed above. However, in excess the same interaction could lead to overstimulation, which could cause anxiety and paranoia.

The ECS is composed of receptors. Chemicals called endocannabinoids are designed to fit into them and trigger certain reactions in the body. Because THC is a similarly shaped molecule, as well as being an endocannabinoid itself, it fits into these receptors and triggers a cascade of reactions.

RELATED: How Sativa Became The Energy Queen Of Cannabis

The action of THC binding with CB1 receptors found in the brain is what causes the feeling of a high. Because many sativa strains are high in THC, powerful effects like sensory changes and a sense of the slowing down of time can be a result of ingesting them. As much as recreational users may enjoy these strains, medical users could get very perplexed and uncomfortable. In some cases they could even get anxious and panicked.

Psychotic episodes and extreme feelings of paranoia are more likely to affect people who already have mental health issues though overdosing would lead you directly down that path.

To avoid being anxious, only use sativa strains when you are in familiar surroundings and in the company of people you are comfortable with. If you feel yourself start to get anxious and panic when high, remind yourself that the feeling is temporary and that it will soon pass.

Another tip to deal with this effect is to take some CBD oil ahead of consuming your ssativa strain to ensure their effects balance out.


Since sativa strains are known to increase your energy and focus, consuming some before bedtime is likely to rob you of your sleep. Though you might at first enjoy relaxing in bed with random thoughts criss crossing your mind, the hope that this will lead to sleep will soon be dashed.

To ensure this doesn’t happen, only use sativa effects during the day and switch to indica strains for nighttime.


Smoking any weed may cause you to feel dizzy. However, a high THC sativa strain is even more likely to induce this effect. The consumption of cannabis lowers your blood pressure. This might lead to you feeling lightheaded, especially if you suddenly stand up.

You can avoid dizzy spells by staying well hydrated and avoiding sudden upward movements.

The Munchies

Though not always considered a negative effect, the munchies are likely to set in with the consumption of a sativa strain of weed. If you are trying to lose weight, this will suit you very well. However, if you are not, this could lead to unhealthy eating that could cause adverse effects on your health.

The best way to deal with this effect is to have healthy snacks around you so that you can eat healthier when the munchies strike.

Dry Mouth

Dry mouth, also known as cottonmouth affects a huge portion of the marijuana population, especially those who smoke high THC strains. THC binds with the receptors in the salivary glands declaring them redundant for a while. Fortunately this is more of a nuisance than a serious side effect.

You could deal with this by taking plenty of fluids or looking for lemon flavored hard candy.

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Do Sativa Headaches Exist?

Though this is a topic that is still quite hotly debated, smoking sativa strains does cause headaches in some people.

A sativa high causes stimulation of the brain by excessive production of dopamine. At some point, your brain will feel the need to rest and recover. If your system is unable to slow down, you might then experience irritability and headaches, which are just a signal from your body alerting you to take the rest you need.

Another explanation of sativa headaches is that the smoke in itself is an irritant to some people, which might trigger a headache.

Sativa strains are most commonly known for their psychedelic, uplifting and energizing effects. These effects are both conducive for having a great recreational time as well as providing a pick-me-up or antidote to fatigue and depression.

When using sativa strains of cannabis, especially because they usually contain significant amounts of THC, it’s always important to consume in moderation as well as ensure you consume only in a safe environment.

We hope we have equipped you to understand the sativa effects and how to both maximize and mitigate them.

This article originally appeared on and has been reposted with permission.

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The Research About Fibromyalgia And Cannabis




If you had to guess, how many people in the United States do you think live with fibromyalgia? According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), roughly four million American adults (2% of the country’s population) struggle with this chronic medical condition. But what is the research about fibromyalgia and cannabis? Overall, there is some evidence supporting short-term pain reduction in people with fibromyalgia treated with cannabinoid therapeutics. Although current evidence is limited, medical cannabis appears to be a safe alternative for treatment.

Fibromyalgia consists of widespread, severe, and often overwhelming musculoskeletal pain. Regardless of the traditional fibromyalgia treatment methods that currently exist, to help combat the pain and other uncomfortable symptoms associated with this condition, cannabis as an alternative medicine is gaining traction and usage.

Fibromyalgia: A Day In the Life

Fibromyalgia is one of the most common chronic pain syndromes, and it consists of intense musculoskeletal pain and other accompanying symptoms. Unfortunately, fibromyalgia does more than just cause pain. This chronic condition can result in sleep issues or sleep disorders, fatigue and lethargy, and even emotional or mental distress. It doesn’t stop here though. A few other common fibromyalgia symptoms include headaches and migraines, depression and anxiety, memory and concentration issues, and overall body stiffness.

Fibromyalgia takes it a step further though by often wreaking havoc on an individual’s quality of life and overall well-being. However, there’s a light at the end of the tunnel for fibromyalgia patients, and this is the availability and usage of cannabinoids, especially following the  noteworthy discovery of cannabis’s analgesic properties.

Even though pharmaceutical drugs and over-the-counter (OTC) pain-relievers are typically used to help manage fibromyalgia, due to emerging medical evidence, cannabinoids like CBD and THC are being considered more now than ever before.

Study Proves Cannabis Effective For Treating Symptoms Of Fibromyalgia
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The Evolving Relationship Between Fibromyalgia and Cannabis

Thus far, it has been made clear that cannabinoids can act as analgesics, and recent research findings support cannabinoids as a fibromyalgia pain-reliever. For example, one 2020 randomized controlled trial was conducted to understand how THC-rich whole cannabis plant oil can help fibromyalgia patients in regards to treating their symptoms and improving their quality of life.

RELATED: Study: Medical Marijuana Improves Quality Of Life In Fibromyalgia Patients

It was concluded that phytocannabinoids can serve as an affordable yet well-tolerated therapy for fibromyalgia symptom relief and quality of life improvements. For those who don’t already know, cannabis flower contains more than 100 phytocannabinoids, and two of the most well-known and sought after ones are referred to as THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol).

The trial’s researchers went further to suggest that this cannabinoid therapy method could become an herbal/holistic choice of medicine for the treatment of fibromyalgia in Brazil’s public healthcare system.

The Significance of the Endocannabinoid System

Regardless of the latest findings, longer and larger studies should be conducted to understand more about phytocannabinoids and fibromyalgia. Another area that should be further studied and analyzed is the body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS) and endocannabinoid system deregulations and deficiencies. 

RELATED: Acute And Chronic Pain Affects Millions — How Can Cannabis Help?

Researchers from the same 2020 controlled trial stated the following about the ECS and medical conditions such as fibromyalgia: “Some studies suggest that pathological conditions in pain modulation such as fibromyalgia, migraine, and irritable bowel syndrome, among others, may be, at least in part, related to the deregulation of the endocannabinoid system.”

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Andrew Laub

Is The Cannabis Industry Growing Up




The last 2.5 years have been tough for the recreational marijuana industry.  Flower prices have plummeted, New York had a fiasco of a recreational rollout, and some major companies have been on the edge of collapse. But things are changing. The slow moving Biden administration has finally agreed to talk about rescheduling and SAFE Banking again goes before a Congress in turmoil. Is the cannabis industry growing up and starting to act and perform like other mainstream industries?

Despite the trouble, consumer use it up with the long term base of customers growing. While 90% believe it should be legal in some form, about 46% of adults have used marijuana at least once.  The under 40 set sees it almost like beer, sodas and fast food, just a life option.  One key positive for this information is they are more likely to try new products unlike the 65+ who are much less likely to try new things.

RELATED: California or New York, Which Has The Biggest Marijuana Mess

Signs of the industry emerging from its growing pains are clear.  The industry is adjusting reality.  As a $22+ billion industry in 2022, it wants to act like a $250+ billion industry. But market forces are right-sizing in a variety of ways.  There were over 750 conferences/trade shows/ investor conferences in 2018, now there are roughly 200.  Indoor grow companies, the most expensive way to produce, are having to adjust pricing.  Some are threatened with closing because of their assumption of always high premiums.  Commodity fluctuating pricing used in everything from oil to butter has come to weed.  But consumers are still buying in droves, even Montana boosted high sales.

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“In most industries, at first everyone wants in and thinks they can make a quick fortune immediately. When that happens people are misguided by false information and the wrong people from other shady pasts thinking they know it all. The cannabis industry is no different and it will act like other successful ones. We needed this readjustment, most of the bad players are out, the misinformed are on the sidelines and the ones who put the time and proper energy into the space are still around and will thrive.” says Andrew Laub, managing partner of Keneh Ventures.

Big names have also struggled recently.  Medmen, King’s Garden, The Parent Company, and others all closed or are a faction of where they were. The early days with promises of easy money, private jets, crazy parties, and hot eye candy swarming around have passed and now it is spread sheets, hard work and focus. Canopy Grow has moved operations from Canada to the US and is applying all the learnings from a highly successful alcohol company to a major player in marijuana.

The industry has also slowly moved to listening to consumers.  Marley brands have fallen away to Wana Brand’s products which appeal to a younger, diverse audience. As the future looks to legalization, product companies are increasingly looking at what will do well on the shelves of Walmart and Target and not something to snicker about with bro friends.


“The industry is evolving at a quicker pace today due to the assumed changes to cannabis scheduling with the Controlled Substance Act and possible SAFE Banking Act passing in Congress in some form of tandem news. This is causing mainstream investing to get excited again about cannabis, but mainstream does their due diligence and only wants to invest their money in competent and honest people.” shares Curt Dalton, founder of

While the industry still has work, large investors see the future where there are fewer products with large distribution, indoor grow and cheap base prices, and a giant consumer base who will look to familiar places to purchase products.

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All about Cannabis

B.C. Court Dismisses Cannabis Retail Lawsuit – Cannabis | Weed | Marijuana




A British Columbia (B.C.) court dismissed a lawsuit from owners of licensed cannabis retail shops. Last year, this group of cannabis retailers sued the province for not enforcing cannabis regulations.

While licensed cannabis retailers jump through bureaucratic hoops and pay excessive taxes on the faulty premise that this contributes to “public health and safety,” the B.C. Bud market of “illicit” retailers doesn’t face these same hurdles.

Particularly on Indigenous Reserves, where the plaintiffs claim damages of at least $40 million in lost revenue.

Justice Basran considered whether the province owed the plaintiffs a private law duty of care in this context. The plaintiffs claimed the province committed torts of negligence and negligent misrepresentation.

But what does this mean? And was Justice Basran’s dismissal of the lawsuit justified? 

Details of the Plaintiff’s (Cannabis Retail) Argument

B.C. Court Dismisses Cannabis Retail Lawsuit

While the cannabis retailers suing the province wished to remain anonymous, CLN uncovered who they were. Their position is understandable. The government sold them a bill of goods.

When Canada legalized cannabis, the province of B.C. effectively said, “play by the rules and you’ll profit.” The reality has been anything but.

Obviously, licensed cannabis retailers are at a competitive disadvantage vis-a-vis the unlicensed cannabis shops

So why did Justice Basran dismiss the lawsuit? 

First, let’s look at what the plaintiffs claimed in their suit. What do “torts of negligence” and “negligent misrepresentation” refer to in this context?

Tort Law

Negligence is a fundamental concept in tort law. It means a failure to exercise a degree of care reasonable people would exercise in similar circumstances.

To establish a claim of negligence, the plaintiff (in this case, a group of licensed cannabis retailers) needed to prove the following:

  • That the province of B.C. owed a duty of care to the licensed cannabis retailers. 
  • That the province breached that duty by failing to meet the standard of care expected under the circumstances (i.e. The province’s cannabis enforcement authority should have been raiding unlicensed shops more than they were)
  • That the province’s breach of duty directly caused harm or damages (i.e. Causation) to the licensed cannabis retailers
  • And that these actual harms (or losses) result from the province’s breach of duty.

The plaintiffs alleged that B.C. failed to enforce cannabis regulations (specifically, the Cannabis Control and Licensing Act) on Indigenous Reserves. They claimed this negligence resulted in damages of at least $40 million.

Negligent misrepresentation is a specific type of negligence claim that arises when one party provides false or misleading information to another party, and the party receiving the information relies on it (to their detriment).

To establish negligent misrepresentation, the licensed cannabis retailers had to prove the following:

  • That the province made a false statement, whether intentionally or not
  • That the plaintiffs relied on this false statement
  • The plaintiffs suffered financial (or other) losses from relying on this false statement.

In this case, the plaintiffs said that B.C. promised them a viable, legal, above-the-board retail cannabis industry. One way of ensuring this would be to take enforcement action against unlicensed retailers, whether on Indigenous Reserves or not.

Did the B.C. Government Owe a Duty of Care to the Cannabis Retailers?

B.C. Court Dismisses Cannabis Retail Lawsuit
Unlicensed cannabis shop in B.C.

Justice Basran considered whether the province owed the plaintiffs a private law duty of care. The B.C. government argued that it did not owe such a duty because the parties had no direct relationship.

But what does this mean?

In tort law, a “duty of care” is a legal obligation imposed on an individual (or group, entity, etc.) to exercise reasonable care and caution to prevent harm to others affected by their actions and omissions.

Of course, not all actions or omissions give rise to a duty of care. That’s where proximity comes in, which refers to the direct relationship between the parties. In this case, whether a direct connection between the province’s cannabis regulators and the cannabis retailers justifies imposing a legal duty.

Justice Basran had to determine whether the province of B.C. owed a “private law duty of care” to the cannabis retailers. Of course, B.C. argued that it did not. They argued that their duty was the “public interest,” not the economic interests of specific businesses.

Justice Basran agreed that no duty of care existed due to lack of proximity. 

How Did the Court Come to this Decision?

B.C. Court Dismisses Cannabis Retail Lawsuit

Justice Basran dismissed the B.C. cannabis retail lawsuit based on the “plain and obvious” legal standard used when deciding to strike pleadings. 

The court considered the Anns/Cooper test to determine whether a duty of care existed. This involves two stages. First, whether the harm alleged was reasonably foreseeable. And second, whether there is a close relationship between the parties (proximity).

Justice Basran found no prima facie duty of care between the province and the licensed cannabis retailers. The court argued that B.C.’s cannabis regulations do not establish a legislative intention to create such a duty.

The court also ruled that the claims made by the province (i.e. Get licensed and profit) did not create a sufficient relationship to impose a duty of care.

Suppose the court had recognized that such a duty exists. Justice Basran was concerned such a decision could result in more of these types of lawsuits where the province (and its regulators) are held liable for the economic losses of numerous businesses due to their incompetence.

Justice Basran weighed the potential negative consequences of such a decision and decided it wouldn’t be in the best interests of the legal system, taxpayers, or society as a whole to impose such a duty.

B.C. Court Dismisses Cannabis Retail Lawsuit

A B.C. court has dismissed the cannabis retail lawsuit. The decisions sound as if what’s convenient for the government overrules what’s just and fair.

Was Justice Basran’s dismissal of the lawsuit justified? Judges are, after all, only human. And there is an appeals court. So, there may be more to the case in the future.

In the meantime, to argue that judges in Canada have far too much power, that they are, in effect, legislating from the margins is considered a “far-right” viewpoint. 

But there is nothing “far-right” or even “far-left” about upholding the values that underpin our rule of law. 

Suppose governments can evade the consequences of their actions because of the potential cost to taxpayers or the legal system. In that case, there is no rule of law.

It’s rule by fiat masquerading as a rule of law.

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