Connect with us

All about Cannabis

How to Grow Cannabis? – Cannabis | Weed | Marijuana



>> Download e-Book Version <<

Overview of the e-book

This e-book will provide a comprehensive guide for beginners looking to start growing cannabis. It will cover everything from choosing the right cannabis strain to setting up a grow space to caring for and harvesting your cannabis plants. It will also include information about the legal and regulatory aspects of growing cannabis, pests, and disease control, as extracting and processing cannabis.

This e-book is meant merely as an introductory guide. We have listed additional resources for further learning at the back of this e-book.

Benefits of growing your own cannabis

Growing your own cannabis has several benefits, including:

  1. Cost savings: Growing your own cannabis can save you money in the long run, as you won’t have to purchase cannabis from dispensaries or other sources.
  2. Quality control: When you grow your own cannabis, you have complete control over the growing conditions, which can lead to higher-quality buds.
  3. Personalized strains: You can experiment with different strains and growing techniques to find the perfect strains and methods that work for you.
  4. Privacy: Growing your own cannabis can also provide a sense of privacy, as you won’t have to rely on dispensaries or other sources for your cannabis.
  5. Connection to nature: Growing your own cannabis can be a rewarding and therapeutic experience. It allows you to connect with nature and appreciate the plant’s life cycle.
  6. Legal compliance: If you live in a state or country where cannabis cultivation is legal, growing your own cannabis can ensure that you comply with the law.


The legal and regulatory considerations of growing cannabis vary depending on the location and jurisdiction. Here are a few things to keep in mind:

United States

how to grow cannabis in USA as per legal guidelines
  1. Federal law: In the United States, cannabis is still considered a Schedule I controlled substance under federal law. This means that it is illegal to cultivate, possess, or distribute cannabis, even in states where it is legal. However, the federal government has adopted a policy of non-interference with state-legal cannabis programs.
  2. State laws: Some states have legalized cannabis for medical or recreational use, while others have decriminalized possession or have medical cannabis programs. It’s important to check the laws of your state to determine what is legal and what is not.
  3. Local laws: Some municipalities have enacted their own rules and regulations regarding cannabis cultivation. Before starting to grow cannabis, you should check your local laws to see if there are any additional restrictions or requirements.
  4. Licensing and permitting: Many states and municipalities require growers to obtain licenses and permits to grow cannabis legally. These requirements vary widely and may include background checks, fingerprinting, and security measures.
  5. Personal possession limits: Some states and municipalities limit how much cannabis an individual can possess or grow. It’s essential to check your local laws to see what the limits are in your area and to make sure you comply.


how to grow cannabis in Canada as per legal guidelines

In Canada, the cultivation of cannabis is legal for both medical and recreational use under the Cannabis Act, which came into effect in October 2018. However, there are still some legal and regulatory considerations to keep in mind:

  1. Possession limits: Adults in Canada can legally possess up to 30 grams of dried cannabis in public. However, possession limits may vary in some provinces, so it’s important to check the laws of your province.
  2. Growing limits: Adults can grow up to four cannabis plants per residence (not per person) for personal use. However, some provinces and municipalities have their own regulations, so it’s important to check the laws of your province and municipality.
  3. Licensing and permit: To grow cannabis for commercial purposes, you require a license from Health Canada.
  4. Age limits: The minimum age to buy, possess, and cultivate cannabis in Canada is 18. However, some provinces have set the minimum age to 19.
  5. Public consumption: Public consumption of cannabis is illegal in Canada, and each province and territory has its own regulations regarding where to consume cannabis.
  6. Advertising and packaging: There are strict regulations on advertising, packaging and labelling of cannabis products. It’s important to familiarize yourself with these regulations before growing.
  7. Medical use: Patients with medical authorization from a healthcare practitioner can possess and grow more cannabis than recreational users, but they still need to comply with the laws and regulations.
  8. Sharing and gifting: Giving or sharing cannabis with a minor is illegal and can result in severe penalties.


How to Grow Cannabis in Europe

The legal and regulatory considerations of growing cannabis in Europe vary depending on the country and jurisdiction.

  1. Medicinal use: Some European countries have legalized cannabis for medical purposes. However, the laws and regulations vary widely among countries and regions. Some countries have a national program, while others rely on individual prescriptions.
  2. Recreational use: The possession, cultivation, and sale of cannabis for recreational use remain illegal in most European countries. However, some countries, such as the Netherlands and Spain, have decriminalized possession of small amounts of cannabis and have a tolerance policy towards its use in certain areas.
  3. Possession limits: Possession limits vary among countries and regions. For example, in Spain and Portugal, possessing small amounts of cannabis for personal use is considered a minor infraction. In the Netherlands, possession of up to 5 grams is allowed.
  4. Growing limits: Growing cannabis for personal use is illegal in most European countries and can result in severe penalties.
  5. Licensing and permitting: Cultivating cannabis for commercial purposes is illegal in most European countries, and no licenses or permits are available.
  6. Public consumption: Public consumption of cannabis is illegal in most European countries and can result in fines or penalties.
  7. Advertising and packaging: There are strict regulations on advertising, packaging and labelling of cannabis products. It’s important to familiarize yourself with these regulations before growing cannabis.
  8. Import and export: Importing or exporting cannabis is illegal in most European countries and can result in severe penalties.

Choosing a Cannabis Strain

choosing the right cannabis strain

Understanding the different types of cannabis

There are different types of cannabis:

  1. Cannabis sativa: This type of cannabis is known for its tall, thin plants with narrow leaves. Sativa strains are uplifting and energizing, and consumers often use them during the day. They produce a more cerebral and energizing high, which can help with creativity, focus, and sociability.
  2. Cannabis indica: This type of cannabis is known for its short, bushy plants with wide leaves. Indica strains are generally relaxing and sedating; people often use them at night. They produce a more body-centered high, which can help with relaxation, sleep, and pain relief.
  3. Cannabis ruderalis: This type of cannabis is a wild or feral type of cannabis. It is a small, low-THC plant in Eastern Europe and Russia. It is not as well-known as the other two types, and consumers don’t commonly use it for recreational or medical purposes. Still, it is considered a genetic resource for breeding auto-flowering cannabis strains.
  4. Hybrid: This type of cannabis is a crossbreed between different strains of cannabis sativa and indica. Hybrids can combine the characteristics of both sativa and indica strains. Growers can breed them with desired traits such as increased yield, improved taste or aroma, or higher THC or CBD content.

It’s also important to note that within each category are various subcategories and strains, each with unique characteristics and effects. The genetic makeup of each strain will determine the plant’s growth pattern, the colour of the buds, the aroma, the taste, and the overall effect.

Indica vs. Sativa vs. Hybrid

Indica vs. Sativa vs. Hybrid

Indica strains:

Sativa strains:

Hybrid strains:

It’s important to note that these are general characteristics and that the effects of a specific strain can vary depending on the individual, the dosage, and the method of consumption. Also, remember that breeding practices and naming conventions can vary from seed bank to seed bank, so there may be some variation in the effects and characteristics of strains labeled as Indica, Sativa, or Hybrid strains.

Choosing the right cannabis strain for your needs

Choosing the right cannabis strain for your needs can be a bit of a trial-and-error process, but there are a few things to consider that can help narrow down your options:

  1. Purpose: The first step is determining what you want to use cannabis for. Are you looking for relief from chronic pain, anxiety, or insomnia? Are you looking for something to help with focus and creativity? Understanding what you hope to gain from using cannabis can help you identify which strains may be best suited for your needs.
  2. Genetics: Once you have a general idea of what you’re looking for, you can start to narrow down your options by looking at the genetics of different strains. Indica strains, for example, are known for their relaxing and sedating effects. In contrast, Sativa strains are known for their uplifting and energizing effects. Hybrid strains can have a combination of both effects, depending on the genetic makeup.
  3. THC and CBD content: The next step is to consider the THC and CBD content of the strains. THC is the psychoactive compound that produces the “high” associated with cannabis use. At the same time, CBD is a non-psychoactive compound known for its medicinal properties. Some strains are higher in THC and lower in CBD, while others are higher in CBD and lower in THC.
  4. Aroma and Flavor: Some strains have specific aroma and flavor profiles which can greatly impact the experience of consuming cannabis. If you are sensitive to the smell or taste of cannabis, this is something to consider when choosing a strain.
  5. Grow characteristics: Some strains are more difficult to grow than others, which is something to consider if you’re planning on growing your own cannabis. Some strains are more prone to mold or pests, while others are more resistant.
  6. Personal preference: Finally, it’s important to remember that the effects of a strain can vary depending on the individual, so it’s important to consider your personal preferences and experiences.

Setting Up Your Cannabis Grow Space

Setting Up Your Cannabis Grow Space

Choosing the right location

Choosing the right location for your cannabis to grow space is important in growing your own cannabis. Here are a few things to consider when selecting a location:

  1. Light: One of the most important factors for growing cannabis is having access to the right amount of light. Cannabis plants need a lot of light to grow, so it’s important to find a location with plenty of natural light. A south-facing window or a grow tent with artificial lights are good options.
  2. Temperature: Cannabis plants prefer temperatures between 70-85°F (21-29°C) during the day and 60-70°F (15-21°C) at night. It’s important to find a location to maintain these temperatures, especially during the flowering stage.
  3. Humidity: Cannabis plants prefer humidity levels between 40-60%. The plants may become dry and stressed if the humidity is too low. The plants may be more susceptible to mold and mildew if the humidity is too high.
  4. Ventilation: Good ventilation is important to keep your plants healthy and prevent mould and mildew. Make sure your location has good airflow, and you can exhaust the hot air and bring in the fresh air.
  5. Security: Growing cannabis can be a sensitive topic, and it’s important to consider your growing space’s security. Make sure to keep your plants in a private and secure location where others can’t see them.
  6. Legal considerations: It’s important to check the laws and regulations of your area before setting up a grow.

Building and outfitting your grow space

Building and outfitting a cannabis grow space can be a bit of a process. Still, with the right planning and equipment, it can be a rewarding experience. Here are a few steps to consider when building and outfitting your cannabis grow space:

  1. Choose a location: As mentioned earlier. Choosing a location with the right amount of light, temperature, humidity, and ventilation is important. A spare room, a closet, or a grow tent are all good options for a grow space.
  2. Build your grow space: Depending on your chosen location, you may need to modify the space to create the right environment for your plants. This could include installing lights, building a grow tent, or adding insulation to a room.
  3. Choose the right equipment: You will need a few key pieces of equipment to set up your growing space. This includes:
  4. Lights: You will need a light source to give your plants the energy they need to grow. HID (high-intensity discharge) lights, LED lights, or CFL (compact fluorescent) lights are all popular choices.
  5. Grow medium: You will need a grow medium to hold your plants. Soil, coco coir, or hydroponics systems are all popular options.
  6. Watering system: You will need a way to water your plants. A watering can, a watering wand, or a drip irrigation system are all good options.
  7. Ventilation: You will need a way to exhaust hot air and bring in the fresh air. This could include a fan, an air conditioning unit, or a dehumidifier.
  8. Pest control: Having a way to control pests is important for maintaining the health of your plants. Insecticides, sticky traps, or beneficial insects are all options.
  9. Add nutrients: Your plants will need nutrients to grow. You can add these to the water or the soil. A good quality fertilizer will provide your plants with the necessary macro and micronutrients they need to grow healthy.
  10. Monitor and maintain: Once you have your grow space set up, it’s important to monitor your plants regularly to ensure they are healthy and getting the right amount of light, water, and nutrients. This includes checking the pH levels of the soil or water, monitoring temperature and humidity, and checking for pests or diseases.

Lighting, ventilation, and temperature control

Setting Up Your Cannabis Grow Space Lighting, ventilation, and temperature control

Lighting, ventilation, and temperature control are all critical factors in growing cannabis. Here’s a more detailed explanation of each:

  1. Lighting: Adequate lighting is essential for cannabis growth. Cannabis plants need a lot of light to grow, and the right spectrum of light will determine the rate of photosynthesis, affecting the plant’s health, growth, and yield. The most common light sources used in growing cannabis are HID (high-intensity discharge), LED, and CFL (compact fluorescent) lights. It’s important to remember that cannabis plants have different light requirements during different stages of growth, so it’s important to adjust the light accordingly.
  2. Ventilation: Good ventilation is important to keep your plants healthy and prevent mold and mildew. Cannabis plants release a lot of moisture during the growing process, so it’s important to have a way to remove that moisture from the growing space. You can use a fan or air conditioning to bring fresh air and remove hot air.
  3. Temperature control: Temperature control is also an important factor in growing cannabis. Cannabis plants prefer temperatures between 70-85°F (21-29°C) during the day and 60-70°F (15-21°C) at night. It’s important to monitor the temperature in your grow space and make adjustments to keep your plants healthy. High temperatures can lead to stress and slow growth, while low temperatures can lead to mold and mildew.

By providing the right lighting, ventilation, and temperature control, you can create an optimal environment for your cannabis

What are Clones?

germinating seeds vs. buying clones

Cannabis plant clones are exact genetic copies of a parent plant. They are created by taking a cutting from a mature female cannabis plant and rooting it to create a new plant. The new plant will be genetically identical to the parent plant. It will have the same characteristics, including growth habits, yield, and potency.

Clones are usually female, as most commercial cannabis cultivation focuses on producing buds, which female plants produce. Clones are a preferred cultivation method for commercial growers, allowing them to produce a consistent crop with predictable yields and characteristics.

How to take a clone?

To take a clone, you would need to select a healthy and mature female plant and use a sharp and clean cutting tool to take a cutting from the mother plant. The cutting should have at least 2-3 nodes (sets of leaves) and must be placed in a rooting hormone and then in a rooting medium (such as rock wool, soil, or water) to encourage root growth.

Once the cutting has developed roots, you can transplant it into a growing medium. It will grow into a new identical cannabis plant.

We often use clones in hydroponic systems and indoor cannabis grow rooms, as they allow the growers to control the environment and produce plants genetically identical to the mother plant. However, it’s important to note that clones can be more susceptible to disease and pests than seed-grown cannabis plants.

Seeds vs Clones

Both growing cannabis from seeds and growing from clones have their own set of advantages and disadvantages.

Growing Cannabis from seeds:

  • Advantages:
    • Growing from a cannabis seed allows you to create a diverse genetic pool, which is useful for breeding or creating new cannabis strains.
    • Seed-grown cannabis plants tend to be hardier and more resilient than clone-grown cannabis plants.
  • Disadvantages:
    • Germinating cannabis seeds can be more difficult than taking the clones, and not all seeds will germinate.
    • It can take longer for seed-grown cannabis plants to reach maturity and begin flowering.
    • You cannot assume a plant’s gender until the pre-flowering stage; some may turn out to be males, which is not useful for flower production.

Growing cannabis from clones:

  • Advantages:
    • Clones are exact genetic copies of the parent plant, which means you know exactly what you are getting in terms of growth habits, yield, and potency.
    • You can take clones from a mature cannabis plant, which means they will begin to flower sooner than seed-grown cannabis plants.
    • Clones are usually female, so you don’t have to worry about male plants.
  • Disadvantages:
    • Clones can be difficult to obtain, and the selection of cannabis strains may be limited.
    • Clones can be more susceptible to disease and pests than seed-grown cannabis plants.
    • Clones can be more delicate and may not have the same level of resilience as seed-grown cannabis plants.

In general, growing from a cannabis seed is more versatile, but it is also more unpredictable. Growing from clones is more predictable, but it is also more limited. Ultimately, the choice will depend on your preference and experience.

How to germinate cannabis seeds

How to germinate cannabis seeds
Beginner’s Guide to Growing Cannabis

If you go the seed route, you’ll have to germinate the seeds. There are several methods for germinating cannabis seeds, including:

  1. Paper towel method: This method involves placing the cannabis seeds between damp paper towels in a warm and dark place until the seeds sprout. Once the taproot appears, you can plant the seeds in soil or another growing medium.
  2. Direct soil method: This method involves planting the cannabis seeds directly into the soil or another growing medium and then keeping the soil moist until the seeds sprout.
  3. Rockwool method: This method involves placing the seeds in rockwool cubes, which are made of compressed rock fibres, and then keeping the cubes moist until the seeds sprout.

Regardless of the method chosen, there are a few key things to keep in mind:

  • The temperature should be warm, around 70-90°F (21-32°C)
  • The humidity should be high, around 80-90%
  • You should keep the seeds in a dark place until taproots appear
  • The seeds should be kept moist but not soaking wet to avoid mould.

Not all cannabis seeds will germinate; some may be old, damaged or low quality, so it’s recommendable to germinate more than the needed number of cannabis plants.

Plant Care and Maintenance

Cannabis Plant Care and Maintenance

Watering and feeding cannabis plants

Watering and feeding cannabis plants are important steps in maintaining the health and growth of your plants. Here’s a general overview of how to water and feed cannabis plants:



It’s important to monitor your cannabis plants and their needs closely, as the watering and feeding schedule may vary depending on factors such as the size of the cannabis plants, the stage of growth and the environmental conditions. Regularly checking the pH level of the soil or water is also important.

Pruning and training cannabis plants

Pruning and training cannabis plants are important techniques for promoting healthy growth and increasing yield. Here’s a general overview of how to prune and train cannabis plants:



  • Training manipulates the plant’s shape and growth pattern to optimize yield and light exposure.
  • Several techniques are used to train cannabis plants, such as LST (Low-Stress Training), ScroG (Screen of Green), and topping.
  • LST involves bending the plant branches to expose more of the lower buds to light.
  • ScroG involves using a screen to hold the plant’s branches in a horizontal position and exposing the buds on the plant’s lower branches to light.
  • Topping is the process of cutting the top of the cannabis plant to promote bushier growth.
  • Training your cannabis plants can help to improve yield and light exposure. It will also help reduce the plants’ height, making them more manageable and easier to maintain.

It’s important to remember that cannabis plants have different needs during different stages of growth, so it’s important to adjust your pruning and training schedule accordingly. It’s also important to closely monitor your cannabis plants and their needs, as over-pruning or over-training can stress the plants and lead to reduced growth and yield.

Pest and disease control

Pest and disease control are important considerations in growing cannabis. Here’s a general overview of some common pests and diseases and how to control them:

Pest control:

Disease control:

  • Common cannabis diseases include powdery mildew, botrytis, and fusarium.
  • These diseases can cause damage to the leaves, buds, and roots.
  • To control diseases, you can use fungicides, maintain good air circulation, keep the humidity levels in check, and avoid overcrowding your cannabis plants.

Prevention is key when it comes to disease and pest control. It’s important to maintain a clean and well-ventilated grow space, keep humidity levels in check, avoid overcrowding the plants, and not overwater or over-fertilize.

It’s important to remember that cannabis laws vary from state to state and country to country, so you should check your local laws and regulations before using any pesticides or fungicides in your grow space. Additionally, it’s important always to follow the instructions on the product labels when using any chemical control methods.

Harvesting and Processing the Cannabis Plants

Harvesting and Processing the Cannabis Plants

Timing your harvest

Timing your cannabis harvests is an important step in growing cannabis. Here’s a general overview of how to time your harvests:

  1. Understanding the growth stages: Cannabis plants have different needs during different stages of growth. The vegetative stage is when the cannabis plant grows leaves and stems, while the flowering stage is when the plant produces buds.
  2. Identifying the trichomes: Trichomes are small, hair-like structures on the buds of the cannabis plant that contain the majority of the plant’s THC, CBD, and other cannabinoids. You can use a microscope or a magnifying glass to examine the trichomes and determine when the buds are ready for harvest. As trichomes turn from clear to cloudy, it’s a sign that the cannabis plant is mature and ready for harvest.
  3. Harvest timing: Harvest timing depends on the cannabis strain you are growing, but most cannabis strains are ready to harvest after 8-12 weeks of flowering. Indica strains tend to be ready for harvest earlier than sativa strains.
  4. Harvesting the buds: When they are ready for harvest, it’s important to cut them from the plant with a pair of scissors or pruning shears. It’s best to do this in the morning when the humidity levels are low and to handle the buds gently to avoid damaging them.

It’s important to note that cannabis laws vary from state to state and country to country, so you should check your local laws and regulations before harvesting your cannabis. Additionally, it’s important to monitor your cannabis plants and their needs closely, as over-harvesting or under-harvesting can affect the quality and yield of your buds.

Trimming and drying your cannabis buds

Trimming and drying cannabis buds is an important step in growing cannabis.

Trimming and drying cannabis buds is an important step in growing cannabis. Here’s a general overview of how to trim and dry your buds:


  • Trimming is the process of removing the leaves from the buds.
  • Some prefer to trim the cannabis buds when they are dry, while others prefer a “wet” trim. Whatever makes removing the leaves easier for you.
  • You can trim the buds by hand with a sharp pair of scissors or pruning shears, or you can use a bud trimmer machine.


  • Drying removes moisture from the cannabis buds to make them ready for consumption.
  • The drying process should occur in a dark, well-ventilated area with low humidity and a temperature between 60-70°F (15-21°C).
  • Hang the cannabis buds upside down from strings or a drying rack, or place them on a mesh screen.
  • The drying process can take anywhere from a few days to a few weeks, depending on the humidity and temperature of the grow space.
  • Once the cannabis buds are dry, you can store them in airtight containers in a cool, dark place.

It’s important to note that the drying process is important for preserving the cannabis buds and getting the right moisture level. If the buds are not dry enough, they may develop mould or mildew. If they are too dry, they may lose potency or taste. It’s important to handle the cannabis buds gently during the trimming and drying process to avoid damaging them.

Extracting and processing your cannabis

There are several ways to extract and process cannabis that you have grown, including:

  1. Dry Sift: This method involves using a series of screens to separate the trichomes (the resin glands that contain the majority of the plant’s active compounds) from the rest of the plant material.
  2. Ice Water Extraction: This method involves freezing cannabis buds and then agitating them in a container of ice water. The trichomes will break off and can be collected and pressed into a “hash” or “kief.”
  3. Solvent Extraction: This method involves using a solvent, such as ethanol or butane, to extract the active compounds from the plant material. The solvent is then evaporated, leaving behind a concentrated extract.
  4. CO2 Extraction: This method involves using high pressure and extremely low temperatures to extract the active compounds from the plant material using carbon dioxide as a solvent.

Once you extract the cannabis, it can be further processed into various products such as oil, wax, shatter, and more.

It’s important to note that some of the above methods require specific equipment and experience. Also, some methods, like solvent extraction, must be handled cautiously as solvents are flammable and can be dangerous if not handled properly.


To sum up, growing cannabis involves several steps, including:

  1. Germinating seeds: This involves starting the growth process by placing cannabis seeds in a warm, humid environment until they sprout. (Alternatively, you can use a clone.)
  2. Vegetative stage: Once the cannabis seeds have sprouted, you move them to a growing area with appropriate light, temperature, humidity, and nutrient levels. The cannabis plants will grow leaves and branches during this stage.
  3. Flowering stage: Once the cannabis plants have reached a certain size and maturity, you induce them to enter the flowering stage by reducing the amount of light they receive each day. This will cause the plants to produce buds containing most of the active compounds.
  4. Harvesting: Once the cannabis buds have reached maturity, they are harvested, dried, and cured.
  5. Processing: After you harvest the cannabis plants, they are processed to extract the active compounds, which you can use to make various products such as oil, wax, shatter, etc.

Growing your own cannabis can have several benefits, including:

  1. Cost savings: Growing your own cannabis can save you money in the long run, as you won’t have to pay for the cost of purchasing it from a dispensary or dealer.
  2. Control over quality: When you grow your own cannabis, you have control over the quality and purity of the plant, ensuring that you are consuming a safe and high-quality product.
  3. Customization: Growing your own cannabis allows you to customize the strain and growing conditions to suit your personal preferences and needs.
  4. Self-sufficiency: Cultivating your own cannabis can give you a sense of self-sufficiency and accomplishment.
  5. Legalization: In some places, growing your own cannabis is legal and regulated, making it an easy, cost-effective option. And a safer option if you don’t trust the black or legal markets.

Additional resources for further learning

Here is the list of books that pair well with this e-book if this is a hobby you’d like to get into deeper.


Source link

All about Cannabis

Basic Cannabis Economics – Cannabis | Weed | Marijuana




Basic cannabis economics. Wherever you find reefer madness, a poor grasp of basic cannabis economics is right behind it.

For example, public health busybodies demand THC limits. As if adults choosing high-THC strains of cannabis will simply shift their demand to lower-THC strains once public health tells them what their preferences should be.

Most, if not all, government workers lack an understanding of basic economics and, therefore, basic cannabis economics.

So let’s clear up some misconceptions. First, let’s start with a definition from economist Thomas Sowell.

“The first lesson of economics is scarcity: There is never enough of anything to satisfy all those who want it. The first lesson of politics is to disregard the first lesson of economics.”

Politicians Who Don’t Understand Basic Cannabis Economics

Basic Cannabis Economics

Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau legalized cannabis in 2018, three years after pledging to do so.

From the beginning, we covered what Justin Trudeau meant by legalization (i.e. Corporatization) and what he should do instead (remove cannabis from the criminal code and rely on our common law/customary traditions for regulation).

But Justin Trudeau does not understand basic economics, including basic cannabis economics.

The trust-fund prime minister believes federal budgets balance themselves. That economies grow “from the heart outwards,” which must be doublespeak for running up the credit card.

The former drama teacher also thinks inflation isn’t a concern for “families,” which he claims to care about.

Justin Trudeau is a textbook example of a politician that places “compassion” and what sounds good over what works. He is the type of politician that ignores scarcity.

But the problem isn’t only in Canada.

Basic Cannabis Economics

Connecticut, for example, is trying to enforce THC limits unsuccessfully. Retailers can’t sell flower higher than 30% THC; concentrates are capped at 60%.

But convenience stores, gas stations, and CBD-only stores can get around these limits by focusing on delta-8 THC.

Obviously, a politician with an understanding of basic cannabis economics would declare THC limits a failure. They would find another way to persuade people to consume lower-THC cannabis. Maybe by trying a method based on consent rather than coercion.

But Democratic Representative Mike D’Agostino thinks the problem is that the rules aren’t strict enough. As he told the House, 

All we’re trying to do is make sure that any products that are sold with a significant amount of THC in Connecticut are sold in our regulated marketplace through the dispensaries, where there’s labeling requirements, there’s per package requirements, there’s per container requirements.

And all Fidel Castro was trying to do was create a “new socialist man” who would set aside all personal interests, goals, and desires to devote his life to building a communist society.

It may look like a stretch to compare THC limits to systemically dismantling the market economy for a utopian ideal, but the principles are the same.

Politicians who don’t understand basic cannabis economics will destroy the cannabis industry before it can thrive. 

Look at Canada’s cannabis sector. Even large producers struggle to keep up with the government’s criminal excise tax structure.

Politicians who don’t understand basic cannabis economics are the biggest threat to cannabis legalization. The world can now look at Canada and conclude, “I guess cannabis legalization doesn’t work.”

Basic Cannabis Economics in the Edible Market 

Basic Cannabis Economics

Economics studies cause and effect, showing what happens when you do specific things in specific ways. With basic cannabis economics, we should look at the incentives certain decisions create rather than the stated goals.

In other words, consequences matter more than intentions.

Canada’s public health busybodies say because children are attracted to cannabis edibles, THC limits and other restrictions are justified.

It’s easy to declare good intentions and blame others for the problems. But, by understanding basic cannabis economics, you can see how Health Canada‘s strict edible rules have led to counterproductive, even disastrous, consequences.

The Canadian government hasn’t changed consumer demand. People still want potent edibles. The consequences have been

  • a) continued revenue streams for “illicit” edible makers and;
  • b) legal producers are focusing on potent cannabis extracts.

Health Canada sees the consequences of their actions but refuses to take responsibility because they don’t understand basic cannabis economics.

They released a statement decrying “copycat” cannabis edibles, especially since they appeal to children. (Ignoring that refined sugar is generally terrible for children or that teens are experimenting with “safe supply” opioids in B.C. An issue much more severe than illegal cannabis edibles).

And instead of acknowledging that THC limits are counterproductive, they go after potent extracts they consider “edibles.”

Health Canada may argue that child-resistant packaging and THC limits are necessary “for the children.” But, at the same time, they complain that legalization and “privately-owned for-profit” dispensaries have resulted in higher hospitalizations and E.R. visits by children who have accidentally consumed cannabis edibles.

So which is it?

Basic Cannabis Economics 

Basic Cannabis Economics

Many people think economics involves money, finance, and banking. And it does. But at its core, economics, including basic cannabis economics, is about the logic of action.

Consider a clean-up crew arriving after a cannabis festival. Maybe the garbage cans are piled high. Cannabis roaches and lost paraphernalia litter the ground. The clean-up crew is confronted with an economic problem.

Where to start? They must allocate their scarce resources (cleaning supplies and equipment), which have alternative uses. Do they start with the bathrooms or by emptying the garbage cans?

Perhaps a discarded joint starts a small bushfire. The clean-up crew would be wise to begin there.

Human life consists of allocating time and resources efficiently. This is an inescapable fact of reality. 

In this example, no money has changed hands, and there’s no market in the traditional sense. But the choices made by the clean-up crew are necessarily economic.

There are no solutions. There are only trade-offs.

Yes, public health can limit THC and demand child-resistant plain packaging. But the trade-off incentivizes others to produce high-THC edibles in packaging that are pleasant to the eye.

Why must ‘copycat’ cannabis edible appeal to children? Are adults not allowed to enjoy the marketing of their favourite chips, candy, and chocolate brands?

Making choices is at the heart of economics. Understanding basic cannabis economics means understanding that you can’t change people’s preferences by affecting supply.

All you do is frustrate consumers and incentive black markets. It’s not like public health is trying to keep the public from consuming tide pods or inhaling aerosols.

In fact, if they took the heavy-handed approach to those issues as they did with cannabis, they would lobby for the prohibition of those goods. 

Which would create a black market (or at least incentivize alternatives, like the popularity of synthetic cannabis in places with strict cannabis prohibition).

Public Health is a Joke

Public health busybodies wonder why some people don’t listen to them.

Imagine going to the doctor, and he gives you financial advice. It may be sound financial advice, but it’s not their place to provide it. Not in that setting.

Likewise, I expect medical professionals to take a cautious, conservative approach to high-THC cannabis edibles. They have every reason as “public health” to provide prudent insights and opinions.

But enforcing these opinions through government laws is one step too far. It ignores basic cannabis economics and reduces individual adults to an infantile state.

It also doesn’t work.

Source link

Continue Reading

All about Cannabis

Cannabis Sending Pregnant Women to Hospital: Study – Cannabis | Weed | Marijuana




Cannabis is sending twice as many pregnant “people” to the hospital, says a new study on cannabis use during pregnancy published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal.

(And yes, the study calls pregnant women “people” in an attempt to be “inclusive” by insulting women and rejecting biological facts.)

The researchers looked at over 950,000 pregnancies between January 2015 and July 2021. They found the rate of ER and hospital visits related to cannabis use during pregnancy doubled.

Ergo, legalization has failed Canada’s pregnant “people.”

Of course, doubling the rate sounds bad until you ask what the baseline is. Before legalization, for every 100,000 pregnancies, hospitals saw 11 women seeking care for consuming too much cannabis.

After legalization? It’s 20 women per 100,000. And as per the study, these women were “very high” and thus seeking help.

In other words: the reefer madness hysteria drummed up by this study is not justified.

Cannabis Sending Pregnant Women to Hospital: Study

cannabis pregnant cannabis use during pregnancy

As per the research, pregnant “people” have “cannabis use disorder” and thus cannot control or stop their use even when they’re pregnant. They came to this conclusion because 22 percent experienced withdrawals.

But how does one casually link physical withdrawals of a substance to physiological dependency? They are two different processes. One is the physical state of the brain and body excreting a drug; the other is the subjective experience of that phenomenon.

The study suggests that “cannabis use during pregnancy is associated with adverse perinatal and neonatal outcomes, including stillbirth, preterm birth and neonatal morbidity and mortality.”

Additionally, they cite “evidence” of an association between cannabis use during pregnancy and autism. But the study they refer to emphasizes a “cautious interpretation” due to confounding factors.

Likewise, the other studies they refer to rely on self-reported cannabis use. One of them doesn’t even support the conclusions they claim it does.

Consider one of the papers they cite: “Maternal marijuana use, adverse pregnancy outcomes, and neonatal morbidity.”

It says, “After adjustment for tobacco, clinical, and socioeconomic factors, marijuana use was not associated with the composite adverse pregnancy outcome.”

It goes on to say,

Similarly, among women with umbilical cord homogenate and serum cotinine data (n = 765), marijuana use was not associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes (adjusted odds ratio, 1.02; 95% confidence interval, 0.18–5.66). Neonatal intensive care unit admission rates were not statistically different between groups (16.9% users vs 9.5% nonusers, P = .12).

They admit that “marijuana use was still associated with composite neonatal morbidity or death,” but only after controlling for “tobacco, race, and other illicit drug use.”

How cannabis use during pregnancy differs between ethnic groups remains to be seen.

As well as adjusting the results not to include tobacco damage is also suspect. Especially when both cannabis and tobacco use were self-reported.

Methodological Problems with the Study

As always, researchers love to use specific tools that will provide the results they expect. This study is no different from many studies that paint cannabis as a toxic substance.

Here are the issues with the study saying cannabis is sending pregnant women to the hospital:

  1. It’s an observational study. Researchers cannot establish casualty. The other paper referenced (linking cannabis to autism) was aware of this limitation. This recent study ignores the problem and cites observational research as scientific evidence.
  2. This study relies on Ontario, Canada’s population of pregnant “people.” While it’s safe to assume what is true for Ontario‘s pregnant women is true in, say, Montana, the specific population sample limits the generality of the findings.
  3. As mentioned, the data in this study and the others rely on self-reporting. What kind of cannabis did the women consume? Sativa? Indica? Low-THC high-CBD strains? How strong was it? What was the terpene profile like? What were the primary delivery methods? What about other non-cannabis-related hospital visits? Maybe these 20 women out of 100,000 would also visit an ER for a bruise or scrape. What was the mental health of these women like?
  4. The paper mentions using multivariable logistic regression models to identify cannabis and pregnancy risk factors. But the researchers don’t provide details on these models, including the variables used or how they measured them.
  5. This paper focuses on acute care visits related to cannabis, comparing it to acute care visits for non-cannabis substance use as a control. But the researcher’s choice of control introduces biases. Cannabis and other “non-cannabis substances” can’t be compared.

Cannabis Sending Pregnant Women to Hospital: Study

cannabis pregnant cannabis use during pregnancy

Should you use cannabis for morning sickness? That’s a question for you and your doctor. Whether cannabis use during pregnancy causes problems, including stillbirth, the jury is still out.

Toronto Star article on this study interviewed a range of doctors who said cannabis use during pregnancy was a bad idea. They also insultingly referred to pregnant women as “pregnant people.”

But at the end of the article, buried at the bottom, was one doctor, Dr. Lisa Graves, who dared speak the truth.

She said there is too little research on cannabis use during pregnancy.

Of course, “cannabis use” is not a thing. I don’t “use caffeine.” I have a cup of coffee. Sometimes I have two or three. Rarely do I have a fourth.

Likewise, when my sister-in-law was pregnant, her doctor said, “One cup of coffee a day is fine.” Apparently, too much coffee is bad for an unborn child.

And it could be that too much cannabis is harmful to them as well. It could be that in the future, more rigorous studies find that more than 10mg of THC daily is detrimental to healthy development.

The problem is we don’t have any conclusive studies on the topic. Is cannabis sending pregnant women to the hospital? No, women are sending themselves to the hospital. 

Their cannabis consumption use may be the reason for the visit. But this study tells us very little (if anything) beyond that. 

Source link

Continue Reading

All about Cannabis

Three Signs of Reduced Cannabis Stigma – Cannabis | Weed | Marijuana




What are three signs of reduced cannabis stigma? Don’t get us wrong – cannabis stigma is still alive and well. But in the past week, we’ve encountered three new stories that indicate the needle is moving in the right direction.

From British Columbia declaring that cannabis retail shops don’t have to cover their windows to Switzerland expanding their legal cannabis pilot. Progress may be coming at a snail’s pace, but it’s something.

What is Cannabis Stigma?

We can’t identify reduced cannabis stigma without asking: what is cannabis stigma? What is stigma?

Earlier this year, Dr. Julian Somers told CLN that stigma was like a scarlet letter. “There’s a sign about you,” he said. “Maybe you sound less formally educated or you look like you’re a little undernourished, maybe you’ve got some piercings and ink on your neck or something. Things like that.”

While Dr. Somers was speaking in context to the drug and homelessness problem in all major Canadian cities, you could say the same for cannabis stigma.

Indeed, there’s a stigma associated with reggae music, bongs, Cheech and Chong, and other 20th-century stereotypes about cannabis consumers.

Non-cannabis users tend to view cannabis consumers as more dopey or less intelligent than the more “sophisticated” types that prefer to drink cocktails after work.

There’s a stigma associated with smell: too many medical cannabis patients have been victims of this. Especially during those “sobriety checkpoints” the police like to set up.

There certainly wasn’t any reduced cannabis stigma when Canada legalized cannabis. If anything, cops and public health busybodies amped up the drug war propaganda to eleven.

#3 Reduced Cannabis Stigma: Window Coverings 

reduced cannabis stigma

A significant cannabis stigma in Canada is window coverings. Despite cannabis being legal and hidden behind opaque plastic child-resistant containers – governments demand retailers wrap their windows so no one can see in.

After a series of robberies and break-ins, the British Columbia government finally agreed with cannabis retailers. These opaque window wrappings are more harmful than helpful.

The most obvious example is a robbery in Vancouver earlier this year. Security footage showed the criminal trying to steal from the shop.

Typically, if you try to rob a store in broad daylight, people walking by are witnesses and can call for help. But with opaque window coverings?

Who knows what’s going on in there?

Notably, B.C.’s many public and private liquor stores don’t require window coverings.

#2 Reduced Cannabis Stigma: Switzerland Expanding Cannabis Trials to More Cities

cannabis in Switzerland

Ideally, Switzerland would legalize cannabis completely. If someone is fining you or sticking you in a cell for a nontoxic herbal plant, then that person is the criminal.

Statute law by governments is not the be-all, end-all of what’s right and wrong. You’d think this point would be well-known. But decades of government schooling and the erosion of religious values have us lost in the wilderness.

Regardless, Switzerland’s move to expand its strictly-controlled cannabis industry is toward reduced cannabis stigma.

Long-term, this may prove more advantageous. While many U.S. jurisdictions legalize in a manner more consistent with the values of individual liberty and private property – Switzerland’s top-down approach comes with one significant benefit.

The Swiss’s cannabis trials are decentralized and conducted by different universities. Multiple research findings will root out bias and narrow in on objective observations found in all studies.

In other words: cannabis legalization in Switzerland is a product of multiple researchers in different cities rather than bureaucrats implementing a one-size-fits-all regime based on their definition of “best practices.”

While legalizing in this way still indicates that cannabis stigma is alive and well – just the fact that the Swiss have embarked on this program (followed by the Netherlands and a non-profit German model) shows that reduced cannabis stigma is becoming the norm.

#1 Reduced Cannabis Stigma: Doctors Aren’t Drinking the Koolaid

reduced cannabis stigma

Last week, researchers published a study indicating that “cannabis use disorder” causes schizophrenia. Many in the media repeated this study’s findings without referencing its numerous methodological problems.

We covered it here, but you might be skeptical that a site calling itself “Cannabis Life Network” would give an unbiased account.

So here’s an article from an actual M.D. He, too, comes to the same conclusion.

The study says, “Assuming causality, approximately 15% of recent cases of schizophrenia among males in 2021 would have been prevented in the absence of CUD [cannabis use disorder].”

But as Dr. Chuck Dinerstein wrote: 

“I am not ready to make that leap. There is more science to consider. I am willing to consider cannabis, and for that matter, alcohol gateways to mental disease, but I believe it may be more critical to recognize that the gate swings both ways – that is, schizophrenia, in this instance, is a gateway to substance abuse…The narrative can go in either direction.”

Can cannabis trigger schizophrenia in individuals predisposed to the disease? Yes, all research indicates that. The same is true for any substance, and alcohol looks to be the worst of them all.

Is 15% of schizophrenia due to cannabis?

But will cannabis cause schizophrenia in otherwise healthy young, adult males? “Not likely,” says Dr. Dinerstein.

And for us, that is the number one sign of reduced cannabis stigma. With cannabis legalization becoming a force that governments and pharma lobbyists can’t stop, they are increasing anti-cannabis propaganda to protect their investments.

Like giving children hormone blockers (or homeless addicts free opioids, or criticizing the covid regime), many doctors are too afraid to speak out. We’ve returned to the pre-Christian values of public humiliation.

So for an actual M.D. to read this Danish study and publicly declare that the researchers made “a leap of faith” in connecting cannabis use and schizophrenia is a breath of fresh air.

It’s a sign of reduced cannabis stigma.

The Future of Cannabis

reduced cannabis stigma

We’re not out of the woods yet. Cannabis stigma is alive and well. But these three recent stories indicate that trends are moving in positive directions.

Public health can complain and cry like children all they want. The fact is: people are ditching their meds and alcoholic drinks for cannabinoid therapy. 

Treating cannabis retail like a Great Depression-era bookstore selling “Tijuana bibles” is coming to an end. Even the most conservative European countries (and U.S. states) are moving toward cannabis legalization.

And doctors aren’t afraid to call out drug war propaganda when they see it.

Hopefully, ten years from now, we’ll look back at this period as Reefer Madness 2.0. The era when the people demanded legal cannabis and the powers-that-be did everything to prevent it.

But, as the saying goes, facts don’t care about your feelings. No one says you must consume cannabis, so it’s time to stop worrying about what others are doing with their lives.

That means reducing your cannabis stigma. 

Source link

Continue Reading


Copyright © 2021 The Art of MaryJane Media