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Over 32,000 Cannabis Studies Have Been Published in the Last 10 Years



medical marijuana studies 32,000

Dispelling the Myth of Not Enough Research


When opponents of cannabis law reform run out of reasoned arguments, they inevitably fall back on some version of the “we just don’t know enough yet” appeal. Despite thousands of accumulated years of human experience with cannabis, and an explosion of modern research, prohibitionists claim we must maintain strict controls until every last concern gets addressed. Yet this relies on a mythical standard of absolute knowledge that no policy ever actually meets.


In reality, the argument that cannabis lacks adequate scientific research acts as a thought-terminating cliche allowing people to retain irrational biases. It provides facile cover for those unwilling to examine evidence confronting their beliefs. When one cannot dispute existing data, one demands non-existent alternative data. But as with climate change or evolution, the strength of evidence reaches a point where claiming ignorance becomes absurd. Cannabis surpassed an overwhelming burden of proof long ago.


In fact, over the past decade researchers published over 32,000 cannabis studies, with intense interest and inquiries far outpacing schedules drugs. The mountain of accumulating data continues to fill remaining knowledge gaps at exponential rates, though ideology struggles to keep pace with implications. At this point the rate-limiting factor in comprehending cannabis is not the science but rather acknowledging its conclusions.


Put simply, there is more than enough cannabis research out there for even the most stubborn skeptic or ersatz concern troll. Vague dismissals that “we just don’t know” constitute willful ignorance, not responsible caution. Those making blank appeals against cannabis reform due to lack of research betray the fact that they simply haven’t bothered performing even cursory literature reviews. Their opinions reside firmly in scientific illiteracy and psychological denial.


Today we will explode once and for all the story that humanity lacks ample data to form sensible cannabis policies. In fact the bulk of evidence signals it is prohibition causing net harm, not cannabis itself. The myth contains no clothes.



When examining the modern research record, the claim that cannabis possesses no medical utility becomes increasingly absurd and dishonest. The peer-reviewed literature now includes over 36,000 papers specifically referencing the plant and its components – with over 32,000 published in just the past decade alone as clinical interest intensifies. This proliferation of new data contradicts any suggestion that experts lack adequate scientific understanding of marijuana’s risks and therapeutic potentials.

In reality, some of the world’s top hospitals and research centers continue expanding investigations into cannabis-based treatments for conditions ranging from autism to cancer. The plant’s complex pharmacology reveals diverse medical applications, not simplistic legal categorizations based on an alleged lack of benefit coupled with exaggerated harms. No legitimate reading of marijuana science in the 21st century could reasonably uphold such distorted conclusions rooted in obsolete cultural biases rather than facts.


The range of conditions referenced in the table of contents of this article demolition the notion that cannabis possesses no medical utility. We see specific cannabinoid compounds demonstrating effects as medications for gastrointestinal, neurodegenerative, autoimmune, anxiety and chronic pain disorders among others. The versatility of cannabis to potentially treat such varied conditions simply does not occur with compounds lacking real therapeutic potential.


And while risks exist for a small subset of consumers, these concerns do not outweigh extensive documentation of benefits – otherwise legal pharmaceuticals like opioids and amphetamines could not maintain FDA approval. In contrast, no clinical literature verifies claims that, for adults, cannabis’ potential for harm outweighs its far greater probability to improve quality of life when judiciously applied.


Acknowledging these facts explains why human use persists throughout recorded history regardless of legal regimes. If prohibition’s medical premise was accurate, such relentless experimentation and innovation would collapse from lack of value. That decades of violence enforced via policing and prison did nothing to deter personal experience exposes the sheer futility of fabricating false narratives about cannabis’ relationship to human thriving.


In fact, the US government itself disproves its own medical misinformation by distributing medical cannabis to select patients for nearly 50 years through the Compassionate Investigational New Drug program, though obstruction limited participants to less than three dozen. Challenging this charade reveals not recalcitrance to truth but allegiance to reason the federal denial cannot hide from indefinitely.


The verdict is in; cannabis unambiguously possesses highly significant therapeutic properties for various conditions along with moderate risks researchers work diligently to characterize and mitigate. No defensible argument grounded in science rather than outdated pathology can pronounce otherwise.



Even hypothetically classifying cannabis as categorically “dangerous” fails to ethically justify its prohibition. In a society premising respect for individuals on preserving their self-ownership, competent adults reserve rights to informed consent regarding activities with intrinsic hazards. Hence government lacks legitimate authority to arbitrarily censor choices concerning one’s own body, life benefits and risks resting solely with the individual. Legally and philosophically, paternalistic arguments to forcibly “protect people from themselves” prove both disastrous and self-contradictory.


Consider that dangerous yet legal drugs like alcohol kill tens of thousands annually through direct use while cannabis kills no one. Yet broadcast promotion glamorizes booze consumption to all ages despite predictable casualties and violence from excess. Conversely the state employs force to prevent cannabis ingestion though its acute toxicity is essentially nil. Any consistency in alleged “public safety” arguments collapses when directly comparing reactions to demonstrably more harmful yet condoned behaviors.


Blanket Drug War criminalization shreds the very notion of a free society by demolishing boundaries restraining government imposition on personal conduct. If agents can storm private property at gunpoint to halt commerce in universally safer psychoactive herbs, no genuine limits against state intrusion exist at all. And absent set limitations structurally restraining state power over personal choices, no meaningful rights remain to distinguish despotism from democracy – including in facets of life beyond drugs.


Hence the question becomes where to cease useful pretenses that overriding consent “protects” rather than destroys freedom itself. At what point do unexpected risks lose relevance alongside the right to direct one’s own life? And is it morally preferable to normalize overwhelming force removing self-direction rather than upholding agency to consider options beyond confirmation bias? The ramifications span far beyond cannabis alone.


Perhaps risks reach points drastic enough in rare outlier cases like imminent suicide ideation that intervention against one’s will acts as lesser evil, though defining such exceptions requires immense diligence. But cannabis remotely approximates no such pressing crisis; it facilitates life enhancement, creative pursuits, medical substitution, and spirituality for most citizens. And even misuse flowing from legal access poses orders of magnitude less damage than the status quo’s violence and life-derailment.


So whether one believes cannabis objectively harmless or laden with abuse potential, the bedrock ethical principle of self-ownership precludes its prohibition. Only by gaping logical inconsistencies can a society dismiss bodily autonomy selectively. And defending agency – the power to control one’s body and claim the benefits and consequences of their actions – remains prerequisite for defending rights at all. Recreational foliage fails any rational threshold where forced “protection” from optional experimentation outweighs the cost to human dignity from intrusion. Thus ethics demands legality either way.



The theater of cannabis prohibition strains any pretense that modern policies intend to serve common welfare over insider interests. As public majorities continuously favor reform yet find their preferences ignored and overridden, the veil lifts on who truly dictates the status quo – and it assuredly does not include average citizens. When the many acquiesce to the few wielding power against them, dynamics of control rather than representation govern the state.


The relentless suppression of cannabis reveals profound distrust toward people governing their own lives, not danger legitimizing subjugation. This pathological need for command and obedience perverts democratic self-rule into tyranny of the majority codified via police and prisons. Rather than empower insight or responsibility, instituted powers demand compliance and sacrifice instead – they serve citizens no benefit beyond nominal “protection” from their own agency.


We witnessed similar dynamics when credentialed experts faced censorship for challenging pandemic narratives enabling enormous pharmaceutical profits. Their dissent threatened not public health but elite prerogatives couched as doing good. Prohibiting peaceful choices while encouraging genuine poisons exposes the ruse – no factual basis supports equating cannabis with deadly legal drugs, let alone banning the natural herb. Such contradictory stances serve financial interests above rights or safety. And violated rights signal inner machinery of democracy broken beyond repair.


When “public policy” directly contravenes public opinion yet remains entrenched by authorities never subjected to elections, the will of common people lacks any effective representation. Their place becomes pliant masses ruled by technocrats, political dynasties and corporate oligarchies. Issues like cannabis uncover how modern states suppress populaces within systems promising self-determination on paper.


Therefore ending prohibition occupies importance far exceeding the herb; it signifies reclaiming policymaking levers for citizens themselves against inertia of embedded powerful interests. Truly representative governance cannot blithely overrule supermajority public consensus on any issue indefinitely with impunity, lest it loses legitimacy as anything beyond glorified dictatorship wearing superficial regalia.


In that context, cannabis offers opportunity to prove principles of self-rule still animate democratic lifeblood. Or conversely, upholding its historically unprecedented and scientifically baseless banning in defiance of public opinion demonstrates a Potemkin village where ordinary voices assemble formally but wield no influence. Either civil majorities reclaim authority over their collective destiny, or the grand experiment in distributed authority fails entirely, ceding to structures of top-down population management mouthing vacuous nostrums about “freedom.”



Elucidating the futility of cannabis prohibition aims not to overwhelm but to empower. By exposing the façade, we shine light through cracks revealing paths forward. Truth sets possibility free, beginning within each individual.


The founding vision for this nation anchored in principles of open discourse, autonomy and self-governance. Though imperfectly practiced, these ideals birthed most prosperous societies in human history. They remain guidelines worth fighting for.


Yet the game stays rigged only when we accept rigged rules. We need not play games fixed against us, but gather collective courage to assert rules representing our shared interests. Mass refusal of unjust laws peacefully nullifies their power. And courage stands contagious – when communities defend reason over coercion, hope ignites.


The state cannot operate without public complicity. Its sole purpose ought to uphold freedoms enabling citizens to thrive through self-direction. Any structures systematically overriding agency toward those ends no longer serve common humanity, but metastasize as tyranny dressed in familiar branding.

Our role lies not in violent revolution, but non-violent evolution toward systems facilitating empowerment.


We abandon assumptions that central authorities best solve local problems. Instead we work locally to prove mass flourishing blossoms when all lead themselves. The game only felt rigged when we forgot our place as players, not pawns.


The board resets when we make different moves.





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Australia Cannabis: Recreational Use Legislation Update




Australia is said to have one of the highest cannabis prevalence rates in the world and public attitudes to its use are shifting. North American, European and other cannabis companies looking for investment opportunities would do well to follow these shifts.

Growing cannabis for medicinal and scientific purposes was legalized under federal law in 2016. Low-THC hemp foods were then legalized federally in 2017. Recreational use, though, remains prohibited under federal law. Similarly, at the state and territory level it is mostly illegal to use, possess, grow, and sell cannabis. Despite these continuing prohibitions, there are legislative trends toward legalization.

If passed, the Legalising Cannabis Bill 2023 would change the federal landscape. It would legalize cannabis for adult recreational use in Australia. The Bill would establish the Cannabis Australia National Agency as a statutory agency to register cannabis strains and regulate cannabis activities. These activities include growing and possessing plants, manufacturing and selling cannabis products, operating cannabis cafes, and importing and exporting cannabis products.

The Senate Legal and Constitutional Affairs Committee is presently conducting an inquiry into the Bill. Submissions have now closed and public hearings have opened. The Committee’s reporting date is May 31, 2024. The Bill is expected to be debated in federal parliament later this year. At the same time, cannabis legalization bills are now being debated in several Australian states.

Despite shifting public attitudes, federal legalization may still be a way off. While the federal Bill has been promoted by a minority party, it does not enjoy the support of the ruling party or the major opposition party. It also lacks the support of the Australian Medical Association.

Stay tuned for updates on Legalising Cannabis Bill 2023 and all thing Australian cannabis. And please reach out to us if you are interested in doing business in Australia.

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Why Is Everyone Suddenly Eating Magic Mushrooms and Having Wild Sex?




magic mushrooms and sex

New Study Reveals That Magic Mushroom Consumers Have Better Sex Lives

Magic mushrooms have been on a heyday, thanks to the numerous health and therapeutic benefits it has been proven to offer. These include, but are not limited to: treating anxiety and depression, PTSD, OC, suicidal thoughts, and other mental illnesses.

However, we’re only starting to discover the myriad of benefits that the humble magic mushroom has. Now, there’s even new science suggesting that psilocybin can help improve sex lives.


In what is believed to be the first-ever study to delve deeper into the connections between sex and arousal with magic mushrooms, researchers have discovered fascinating findings. Investigators at the Imperial College London surveyed almost 300 individuals before and after taking magic mushrooms. They focused on two subject groups: individuals who consumed psychedelics for recreation or wellness, and those who were consuming it for clinical study purposes to analyze its impacts on depression. Thanks to the data, they were able to pull incredible insight into the link between sex and psychedelic experiences.

The data shows that on average, there are improvements on several areas pertaining to sexual function for as long as 6 months after psychedelic experiences. Psychedelic consumption has been shown to positively impact arousal, sexual satisfaction, enjoyment, self-esteem, connection, communication, and attraction to one’s partner – all of which contribute to better sex lives. For the group who were taking magic mushrooms as part of a clinical trial for depression, nearly half experienced improvements when it came to interest in sex, satisfaction, and arousal. In contrast, individuals who are treated with popular pharmaceutical antidepressants usually say that their sex lives are negatively impacted.


“We believe this is the first scientific study to explore the effects of psychedelics on sexual functioning. Our findings suggest potential implications for conditions that negatively affect sexual health, including clinical depression and anxiety,” said Tomasso Barba, the study’s first author, and a PhD candidate at the Centre for Psychedelic Research.


“This is particularly significant given that sexual dysfunction, often induced by antidepressants, frequently results in people stopping these medications and subsequently relapsing,” they added.  

In addition, it’s nothing short of fascinating that the results showed that the improvements in sexual function were observed for up to 6 months among some participants. However, it’s important to note they didn’t study performance while high on the drug, which is how many people on psychedelics experiment with sex: while on magic mushrooms.


“It’s important to stress our work does not focus on what happens to sexual functioning while people are on psychedelics, and we are not talking about perceived ‘sexual performance’,   they emphasized.


They do call for more studies on the subject. “While the findings are indeed interesting, we are still far from a clear clinical application, because psychedelics are yet to be integrated into the medical system. In future, we may be able to see a clinical application, but more research is needed,” said Dr. David Erritzoe.


Can Psychedelics Unlock The Key To Better, More Satisfying Sex?

As millions of us are plagued by mental health disorders, ranging from everyday anxiety to more severe depression, our sex lives will naturally suffer.

It is known that for many of us, especially women, mental health is critical to sexual satisfaction and pleasure. Sure, it’s an integral part of being human – experiencing sexual joy and arousal, but when we’re suffering from hard-to-treat mental conditions, it can be difficult to enjoy sex. Perhaps that’s where the potential of psychedelics, such as magic mushrooms, come in.


When one is struggling with family conditioning, previous traumas, depression, and self-acceptance, pleasure can be shameful and even painful to even address. But psychedelics can help open us up mentally, and challenge past thoughts that have to do with social conditioning, receiving love and pleasure. All in all, psychedelics can help create new mental pathways that make it easier for us to receive pleasure.


These days, it’s no longer uncommon for couples to medicate with psychedelics together. And we don’t just mean magic mushrooms: MDMA, LSD, and ayahuasca are other forms of healing psychedelics that can help couples work through their own traumas and issues together, and as a result, enjoy better sex.


In another study from 2021, researchers utilized interviews to conduct a qualitative study to understand the impact of microdosing MDMA on male and female couples whose ages ranged from 20 to 35 years old. The interview questions were focused on how microdosing psychedelics affected their sexuality, confidence, relationship satisfaction, inhibition, and openness.

The participants reported that microdosing did indeed have a positive effect on sexual well-being as well as other aspects, most especially because of its ability to reduce anxiety and stress. As a result, they experienced heightened sexual pleasure, desire, and communication. Overall, they reported better sex and they attributed it to microdosing.




Aside from these studies, psychedelics are already an accepted tool for young people all around the world to help them improve many aspects of their lives, including sex. It is becoming clear that the ability of psychedelics to help where pharmaceutical medications fail in treating everyday mental illnesses and stress that hinder sex lives, can transform how we relate, show up, and communicate in our intimate relationships. We hope to see more studies on the subject so we can learn more about the specifics involved, and the magic that psychedelics brings into human lives.





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How Can Cops Tell the Difference Between Hemp and Marijuana?




police test for hemp or cannabis

Researchers funded by the federal government have unveiled novel techniques for distinguishing between marijuana and hemp by precisely measuring the THC levels in both flowers and edibles.


The National Institute of Justice (NIJ), a branch of the Justice Department, is championing the findings from two research endeavors it sponsored, focusing on refining cannabis lab testing. These findings are being disseminated to specific law enforcement agencies.


The primary goal of these projects was to streamline testing procedures to address the increasing backlog in crime labs, exacerbated by the federal legalization of hemp with THC levels of up to 0.3 percent under the 2018 Farm Bill. This legalization has complicated cannabis-related cases.


According to a recent update by NIJ, existing testing methods fall short of accurately quantifying THC levels in samples. However, the researchers supported by NIJ have made a breakthrough by utilizing two distinct forms of mass spectrometry—gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and direct analysis in real time-high-resolution mass spectrometry (DART-HRMS)—to isolate THC content, along with other cannabinoids.


Pioneering Techniques


The GC-MS methodology was pioneered by a team at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), enabling them to extract THC from samples and conduct precise cannabinoid content analysis. The Department of Justice (DOJ) initially disclosed in 2020 its allocation of $350,000 in funding to NIST for this research endeavor.


Conversely, the DART-HRMS approach presents a solution to another complexity in cannabis testing encountered in forensic laboratories. This method facilitated the determination of THC levels in various products such as baked goods, candies, beverages, and plant materials with minimal pre-treatment requirements.


Rabi Musah, the primary researcher on the DART-HRMS team, envisions that the accelerated utilization of DART-HRMS for THC detection in cannabis samples could mitigate testing backlogs, reduce chemical reagent expenses, and streamline analysis protocols, as noted by NIJ.


NIST’s GC-MS technique has already catalyzed the development of new standard operating procedures for laboratories, with outcomes integrated into training procedures for law enforcement entities like the Montgomery County Police Department and Maryland State Police.


Furthermore, in 2022, U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) issued a call for portable marijuana analyzers to expedite cannabinoid profile identification and aid in differentiating between marijuana and hemp.


In a separate initiative, the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) announced in 2019 its pursuit of a device capable of distinguishing between hemp and marijuana, particularly since the legalization of the former crop.


The ramifications of hemp legalization became evident in Texas, where marijuana possession arrests decreased by nearly 30% from 2018 to 2019 after the state legalized the non-intoxicating cannabis crop. Subsequently, prosecutors in Texas dismissed numerous low-level cannabis cases following hemp legalization. In 2020, officials announced that laboratories would no longer conduct testing in misdemeanor cases, citing capacity limitations within the Department of Public Safety.


Meanwhile, stakeholders in the hemp industry and agricultural officials nationwide are urging Congress to increase the THC limit for hemp to one percent by dry weight. A researcher from the Department of Justice recently questioned the rationale behind the current 0.3 percent THC limit, suggesting it was arbitrarily based on a decades-old anecdote.


Advancements in Law Enforcement Procedures


The integration of novel testing methods heralds a significant shift in law enforcement strategies concerning cannabis-related cases. Crime lab forensic studies have advanced to a new level of paradigm with the use of the DART-HRMS method and the GC-MS technology developed by NIST. Law enforcement officers will be able to distinguish between marijuana and hemp with remarkable accuracy thanks to these state-of-the-art approaches, which promise increased precision and efficiency. By integrating these advanced technologies into routines for standard operating procedures and training, law enforcement organizations are providing their staff with the necessary resources to handle the complex terrain of changing cannabis laws.


This revolutionary method improves the ability to conduct investigations and makes it easier to comply with state and federal laws on cannabis. Law enforcement organizations may ensure compliance with the ever-changing legal framework pertaining to cannabis cultivation, distribution, and use while efficiently upholding justice with the use of these cutting-edge tactics. Officers will be better prepared to handle the issues raised by the legalization of cannabis and its effects on law enforcement procedures as they become used to these innovative techniques.


Legal and Regulatory Implications of Hemp Legalization


The legalization of hemp with THC levels of up to 0.3 percent under the 2018 Farm Bill has sparked significant legal and regulatory ramifications. This legislative shift has not only complicated cannabis-related cases but has also necessitated a reevaluation of existing law enforcement protocols. As prosecutors and law enforcement officials grapple with the distinction between marijuana and hemp, the landscape of criminal justice procedures undergoes notable evolution. The dismissal of numerous low-level cannabis cases in states like Texas following hemp legalization underscores the profound impact of this legislative change on law enforcement practices.


Furthermore, the proposal to raise hemp’s THC limitations to 1% of dry weight is indicative of continuing discussions about federal cannabis legislation. The debate over THC restrictions highlights the necessity for a nuanced approach to cannabis regulation as advocates for legislative changes, including agricultural officials and hemp sector players, are in favor of it. In the meanwhile, the Department of Justice’s examination of the present THC restriction of 0.3 percent emphasizes how crucial evidence-based policymaking is to determining how cannabis legislation will develop in the future. Stakeholders from a variety of industries must negotiate the tricky convergence of legal, scientific, and sociological factors surrounding the legalization of hemp as regulatory frameworks continue to change.


Bottom Line


The integration of novel cannabis testing methods, including DART-HRMS and GC-MS, marks a significant advancement in law enforcement’s ability to differentiate between marijuana and hemp, streamlining investigative procedures and ensuring compliance with evolving legal frameworks. These state-of-the-art technologies promise heightened precision and efficiency, empowering law enforcement agencies to navigate the complexities of cannabis-related cases with unprecedented accuracy. As debates surrounding THC limits and federal cannabis legislation persist, stakeholders must engage in evidence-based policymaking to shape the future of hemp regulation. By staying abreast of legal and regulatory developments, law enforcement agencies can adapt their procedures accordingly, ensuring justice is served while upholding compliance with the law, thus paving the way for more effective practices in the dynamic landscape of cannabis legalization.





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