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What States in the US Have a Problem With Salvia?



Salvia divinorum enjoys a much looser legal structure than other hallucinogenic drugs. In fact, federally, the plant is perfectly legal. There are, however, several states in the US with some form of salvia legislation. Which states are they? And how exactly do they regulate this plant?

What is salvia?

Salvia divinorum is one of several species of the Lamiaceae mint family. You might be more familiar with its sister-species Salvia officinalis, and Salvia rosmarinus, which account for the kitchen spices sage and rosemary, respectively. Salvia divinorum differs from other forms of salvia in that it contains salvinorin A, which creates a psychoactive and hallucinogenic response.

Salvia is said to hail from the Sierra Mazateca cloud forests in Oaxaca, Mexico, though this is technically unconfirmed. Thought it loves the moist and shady growing conditions of that particular environment, it can be found in many different locations worldwide, including in the US.

The plant gets its name from the word ‘divination’, and translate to “diviner’s sage” or “seer’s sage.” It was used in the rituals of Mazatec shamans for centuries for spiritual healing and divination; because it brings on altered states of consciousness, and hallucinations. There are indigenous cultures that still use it this way today. It’s also an oneirgen drug, meaning it’s used to enhance dreams while sleeping for the purpose of divination.

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The plant has a place in medical traditions. Salvia is used in the treatment of diarrhea, anemia, headaches, rheumatism, as a diuretic, and for ‘swollen belly’, considered a semi-magical disease. These uses require much lower doses than what is used to bring on psychoactive effects.

Salvia isn’t the most well-known drug, but it is still one of the more well-known of the hallucinogenic drugs. One recent study found that about 5% of the population in the US had used the drug before. Many erroneously refer to it as a psychedelic, but while it shares some similarities in causing hallucinations and otherworldly experiences, it is not technically in this category of compounds. Salvinorin A, the main active compound, is a potent agonist at κ-opioid receptors (kappa), and doesn’t affect serotonin receptors like psychedelics do.

It is known to bring on feelings of connectedness, like psychedelics, as well as sedation; disorientation in space and time; issues with motor control; analgesia; loss of memory; delusions and depersonalization; difficulty with language; laughing fits; sensory, auditory, and visual hallucinations; feelings of spirituality; and near-death experiences (or, rather, the feeling of it). It also messes with how people feel gravity, and how they feel their own physical form.

Since it’s not classified with psychedelics, and wasn’t popular at the time that the government went ahead and illegalized other hallucinogens; salvia retains legality in terms of the federal government. It does as well in many states, though there are several that have placed some kind of restriction on it, in the last several years.

States where salvia is restricted

Not every piece of legislation equals a complete illegalization. And even those that do have illegalization measures, vary in the penalties for infractions. It is true that more and more states have added on these policies, despite the federal government making no such move. Much like with magic mushrooms and mescaline, in some places, a loophole is created where the plant and the active compound are regulated differently.

Prohibit sale to minors

In some states, the only prohibition is on the sale of a product to a minor. This includes California, Maine, and New York.  This is an interesting concept, of course, as there isn’t yet a sales market for the plant; however such a law comes into play when considering that the plant is federally legal, and a market can begin anywhere allowed.

Active compound in salvia
Active compound in salvia

What states have Schedule I for salvia?

Many states have proposed legislation here, but not all of it passed. Other states have put salvia in Schedule I of their controlled substances lists, although it can vary as to whether they include the whole plant, just the active compound, or both. The following have some form of a Schedule I ban: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Connecticut, Florida, Hawaii, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.

That last one on the list, Wyoming, is also a great example of the salvia loophole, wherein one aspect is illegalized, while another is not. In Wyoming, the compound salvinorin A (apparently misspelled in the legislation) is the only thing listed, while the plant Salvia divinorum is not. This is also true in Wisconsin. This resembles both the mescaline loophole and the magic mushrooms loophole.

On the other hand, some states illegalized the plant, without naming the active compound itself, which makes one wonder what happens in the case of sales of salvinorin A extract. States that fit into this category include Delaware, Illinois, New York, and Louisiana, though Illinois does ban ‘extracts’ without mentioning salvinorin A. Plenty of states that passed legislation to ban the plant, did it this way, not mentioning the salvinorin A; and leaving gray area in terms of an extracts market.

States with lesser scheduling for salvia

Apart from barring the sale of a product to minors, some states instituted other policies that regulate either the plant or the active compound, but in a less severe way than Schedule I. As stated already, a couple states only bar the sale to minors, and do nothing else. Colorado holds salvia as a class B misdemeanor. Georgia simply regulates it as a ‘dangerous drug’, giving plenty of leeway as it is legal as a decorative plant. Of course, if you can have and grow it, not much to stop people from using it.

In Indiana, salvia is a Class A misdemeanor only, and in Minnesota its considered a Gross Misdemeanor. In New York, its prohibited for sale with a $500 fine max per incident, while in South Dakota, its either a Class 1 misdemeanor, or a Class 6 felony, depending on the amount (less than two ounces is a misdemeanor).

Tennessee regulates it as a Class D felony, but holds it legal for decorative use. As this includes possession, sale, and cultivation; it once again opens the door for use, even if use is technically illegal. In Texas its Penalty Group 3, but the legislation makes the stipulation that if its unharvested and growing in a natural state, then its okay. Rhode Island shows up in the Schedule I list, but in actuality, this only applies to ‘extracts’, and specifically doesn’t apply to the actual plant, so long as it is unaltered.

What states regulate salvia?
What states regulate salvia?

Other states, whether they tried to ban it or not, never did. These include: Alaska, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New Mexico, Oregon, South Carolina, Utah, and Virginia. These states have absolutely no law against the plant, or the active compound in it, at least for now.

Things of note

None of these laws are actually recent from the last few years. Most happened between the years of 2007-2011, with just a few exceptions. This indicates that something happened around that time to introduce the plant to a wider audience in the US. Prior to this, its likely that no one was speaking about it at all. It’s quite possible that if it had become more popular at that time, that every state would have a ban.

There is nothing stopping the states that haven’t instituted a ban, from doing so, or for states with less strict policies, to adopt stricter ones. In a country where government doesn’t like industries it can’t control, it’s not weird to think this could and would happen. Salvia is similar right now to amanita mushrooms, which have even less restriction. They both share the quality of having not been around when similar drugs were illegalized last century.

What makes further banning less likely, is the changing climate toward psychedelics and hallucinogens in general. Colorado and Oregon have legalized some form of use, there are tons of decriminalization policies in individual locations, and more than 10 states have already announced psychedelics legislation in the works already this year. As most of these bills surround entheogenic plants, with new legislative measures opening it wider to include more plants, it makes the idea of illegalizing a plant now, not that popular an idea.

This doesn’t mean it can’t happen, of course. Governments are known to pass legal measures under the radar to avoid public scrutiny. But it also means that it might be more likely to have existing policies loosen, rather than to have more rigid ones introduced. We’ll have to wait and see.


Right now, salvia isn’t a real products industry, and its not spoken about as much as mushrooms, DMT, or synthetics like acid and MDMA. But one of the things we know in life, is that people like to get high, and they like to use plants to do it. With the ability for a market in many states, including ones with some – but not altogether limiting – legislation; it certainly seems like a salvia market, could be right around the corner.

Thanks for dropping by! Welcome to; a news publication where we provide you with the best in cannabis and psychedelics reporting. Head our way regularly to stay updated, and subscribe to the Cannadelics Weekly Newsletter, so you always know what’s going on.

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Why Marijuana Smells Skunky




It is the telltale sign someone is having fun. Whether walking down the street or stepping into a crowd, you know exactly what is going on. Marijuana has a distinctive oder to clue you in when fun is going on.  But as cannabis goes mainstream and becomes legal, the smell is increasing fading. Here is why marijuana smells skunky and why is it disappearing.

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Smoking weed was the original way to consume.  But today, thanks to data from BDSA, we know most newer and younger partakers use vapes or gummies to enjoy the benefits.  The aroma is less prevalent, but it still as potent. Smoking still produces the smell, but why does some weed reek of skunk or dirty socks and other times it has the aroma of lemons or pine? The answer is terpenes.

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Terpenes are essential oils providing the fragrance in foods and herbs. When you take a whiff of basil, for example, what you are smelling are the terpenes. Cannabis strains also have unique terpenes producing the aroma. Some strains smell lemony (limonene) or spicy (caryophyllene) or floral (linalool) or piney (alpha-pinene).

Terpenes not only provide the smell, they have essential therapeutic benefits, as well. Some of the most prevalent terpenes and their medicinal value:

  • Alpha-pinene (essential pine oil), the most common terpene in the plant world and one often found in cannabis, is a bronchodilator potentially helpful for asthmatics. Pinene also promotes alertness and memory retention by inhibiting the metabolic breakdown of acetylcholinesterase, a neurotransmitter in the brain stimulates these cognitive effects.
  • Myrcene, another terpene present in numerous cannabis varietals, is a sedative, a muscle relaxant, a hypnotic, an analgesic (painkiller) and an anti-inflammatory compound. This musky terpene contributes mightily to the infamous “couch-lock” experience and is the one which gives off the skunky aroma.
  • Limonene, a major terpene in citrus as well as in cannabis, has been used clinically to dissolve gallstones, improve mood and relieve heartburn and gastrointestinal reflux. Limonene, an anticonvulsant, has been shown to destroy breast-cancer cells in lab experiments, and its powerful antimicrobial action can kill pathogenic bacteria.
  • Linalool, a terpenoid prominent in lavender as well as in some cannabis strains, is an anxiolytic compound which counters anxiety and mediates stress. In addition, linalool is a strong anticonvulsant, and it also amplifies serotonin-receptor transmission, conferring an antidepressant effect. Applied topically, linalool can heal acne and skin burns without scarring.

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  • Beta-caryophyllene is a sesquiterpene found in the essential oils of black pepper, oregano and other edible herbs, as well as in cannabis and many green, leafy vegetables. It is gastro-protective, good for treating certain ulcers, and shows great promise as a therapeutic compound for inflammatory conditions and autoimmune disorders because of its ability to bind directly to the peripheral cannabinoid receptor known as CB2.

And now you know why marijuana smells skunky.

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5 Key Things To Know About Cannabis Concentrates




When you are young, you can experiment, but as you age – you want to minimize after effects…we got you when it comes to the next step with marijuana

High school and college were the days of experimenting. Lessons leads to stories about crazy things and some unfortunate times. But as you age and move to a more sophisticated self, it is important to have the knowledge regarding having fun.  Marijuana has become mainstream and some are moving into a connoisseur phase.  This encompasses flavor, impact, and potency.  In this journey, here are 5 key things to know about cannabis concentrates.

It is not for beginners

Concentrates are extremely potent. This is helpful for cannabis enthusiasts who have built up a high tolerance and know how marijuana affects them. However, it can overwhelm people who are still new in consuming.  Don’t rush into the max and until you have gotten your weed legs steady. Dabbing is the way to consume concentrates, and is a bit more of a process.

Concentrates may or may not be better flower

Photo by Darrin Harris Frisby/Drug Policy Alliance

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You can have a bit of a longer high

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Photo by Keenan Constance via Pexels

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Similar to smoking/vaping, the effects of dabbing usually last 1 to 3 hours. If using a high THC concentrate, you could feel the effects for 10-12 hours. If you are feeling uncomfortable or worried, the best thing to do is take a nap and sleep it off.

Concentrates are to be respected

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You can find a ton misinformation surrounding the dabbing process, some reports claim overdoses have been influenced by the recent popularity of concentrates. While there might be an existing relationship, marijuana advocates claim concentrates are safe and produce the same positive results as cannabis flower. Even if you get too high from ingesting the wrong dose, no one has ever died from consuming them.

Concentrates are like other products

marijuana dabbing
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While the process of making concentrates is one involving the use of complex chemicals, facilities are equipped to handle these solvents and are very strict when it comes to how they’re produced. All the information should be clearly stated on the product’s label, and concentrates should be made by professionals who are working responsibly. In short, dangerous concentrates are rarely found in a regulated, legal market.

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What Is The Difference Between Marijuana, Hemp And Cannabis




Legal cannabis is sweeping the US and EU and is already the law in the land in Canada.  More and more consumers are buying gummies, hemp drinks, and vapes.  California sober has become a thing and Gen Z is drifting away from alcohol and having an affair with marijuana.

While marijuana has been part of culture for years, hemp, CBD, marijuana and cannabis are everyone.  From local dispensaries to, in some states, hemp drinks are popping up in liquor stores.  Even Walmart is home to many hemp products and proudly displays them on the shelves. However, these hemp products are made from cold-pressed seeds, which have great nutritional value but contain no CBD or cannabis. So what is the difference between marijuana, hemp and cannabis.

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“Cannabis” is the botanical term for marijuana. It doesn’t have any legal significance. It simply refers to the cannabis plant. It contains all of the cannabinoids, including CBD, CBN and THC. More specifically, the word refers to the genus of flowering plants in the family Cannabaceae. It’s also a term under increasing use, especially since it focuses on the medicinal benefits of the plant.

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“Marijuana” is the term used in legal contexts, and it’s also one associated with the negative connotations and perceptions throughout history. It’s the term appearing in the Controlled Substances Act and refers to the cannabis plant possessing more than 0.3% of THC. This kind of plant is the one remaining illegal on a federal level.

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“Hemp” is the easiest term to understand for its simplicity. It refers to the part of the cannabis sativa plant containing less than 0.3% of THC and is legal on a federal level. Hemp is non-intoxicating and the use of it leads to products which doesn’t get people high. So, while hemp is not illegal, marijuana can be depending on your location.

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Some believe that the term “marijuana” shouldn’t be used since it has a charged history of racism, particularly of Mexican immigrants. Others believe that using the term “cannabis” shies away from THC, and that the compound is nothing to be embarrassed of.

At the end of the day, it’s up to you what you decide to call your weed. When it comes to its legal use, however, “marijuana” is the term that most lawmakers prefer.

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